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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 61 through 75 of 77 found.


Earth Life Emergence: Development of Body, Brain, Selves and Societies

Earth Life > Integral Persons > Conscious Knowledge

Koch, Christof. The Feeling of Life Itself. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2019. The veteran neuroscientist (search) is now is President and Chief Scientist of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. A decade after his Consciousness book, this edition continues to affirm that a form of sentient awareness pervades and vivifies human and animal realms and much beyond. But any purely computational basis or machine-like embodiment is ruled out. In collaborator with Giulio Tononi (search), the core theme is an exposition of his popular Integrated Information Theory (IIT), which as the section reports, traces a parallel path of personal awareness and complex knowledge. (This 2010s version is a quite fulfills Pierre Teilhard’s 1930s evolutionary pairing of complexity and consciousness, whom Koch lauds in his earlier work.) The Global Neuronal Workspace model is then reviewed along with double detail and image hemispheres, which altogether seem to infer a waxing worldwide Uber-Mind. In closing, Koch notes that this tandem ascent well recovers a 21st century scala naturae, once again from deep substance to human acumen.

Earth Life > Phenomenon > Cultural Code

Diessel, Holger. The Grammar Network: How Linguistic Structure is Shaped by Language Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. As this site reports, we seem to be in the midst of an historic scientific shift from finding discrete, nodal parts to identifying the many animate netflex relations in between. Here a Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, linguist shows that even our vernacular communications can be seen to exemplify these connective topologies. After recounting their general properties, how they are in effect for sign conveyance, cognitive decisions, social discourse, and more is illustrated. A “taxonomic” view, akin to systematic classes, is then applied to linguistic associations, symbolic relations, and schema constructions. A reference is also made to self-organized complex systems as they are used to parse this conversation (Bybee, Beckner, et al herein). The work goes on to explain that changing modes of societal usage play a key formative role. As I log in along with The Grammar of the (Atomic) Elements (Ghosh), it is becoming evident that the natural ecosmos does seem to be a literal narrative.

Earth Life > Phenomenon > Human Societies

Spaget, Michael, et al. Toward a Unified Understanding of Casualty Distributions in Human Conflict. arXiv:1911.01994. As many entries across the social and cultural sections lately record an exemplary presence of dynamic networks, scales and forms, here London, Radboud, Michigan State and George Washington University (Neil Johnson) report that even the chaotic carnage of small and large warfare can be seen to exhibit systemic regularities. Such broad, consistent evidence would then necessarily imply a common, independent mathematical source. In 2019 as internecine conflicts spread and intensify like wildfires, might our nascent sapiensphere be at last able to realize and avail such a natural organizational code-program in time?

We are able to resolve various disparate claims and results that stand in the way of a unified description and understanding of human conflict. First, we reconcile the numerically different exponent values for fatalities across entire wars and within single wars. We go on to explain how a true theory of human conflict is able to provide a quantitative explanation of how most observed casualty distributions follow power-laws and why they deviate from them. Combined, our findings strengthen the notion that a unified framework can be used to understand and quantitatively describe human conflict. (Abstract excerpt)

Earth Life > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Henriques, Gregg, et al.. The Tree of Knowledge System: A New Map for Big History. Journal of Big History. 3/4, 2019. A James Madison University psychologist and colleagues present an updated version of a nested cosmic evolutionary procession from universe to humans which our collective inquiry is just coming to verify and realize. It is then compared with this companion BH project, along with other models such as the major transitions scale (see the next section). See also The Star-Galaxy Era in Terms of Universal Evolution by Leonid and Anton Grinin in this same issue.

This article summarizes the Tree of Knowledge (ToK) System (Henriques, 2003; 2011), and compares and contrasts its depiction of cosmic evolution as four “dimensions of existence” (Matter, Life, Mind and Culture) with Big History’s eight thresholds of complexity. Both systems are concerned with the current fragmentation in academic knowledge and advocate a more consilient and integrative vision that places the disciplines in coherent relationship to each other. The major differences between the two perspectives are how the ToK conceptualizes the various stages, with more emphasis on psychological aspects. In regard, Matter, Life, Mind and Culture are seen to occur due to semiotic or information processing systems that give rise to strongly emergent properties. (Abstract)

Pedia Sapiens: A Genesis Future on Earth and in the Heavens

Future > Old Earth > Climate

Moon, Woosok and John Wettlaufer. Coupling Functions in Climate. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 377/0006, 2019. In a special issue on how complex networks convey information, Stockholm University mathematicians apply these dynamic geometries to hyper-complex world weather conditions.

We examine how coupling functions in the theory of dynamical systems provide a quantitative window into climate dynamics. We demonstrate the method on two tropical climate indices, the El-Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), to interpret the mutual interactions between these air–sea interaction phenomena in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The coupling function reveals that the ENSO mainly controls the seasonal variability of the IOD during its mature phase. This demonstrates the plausibility of a network model for the seasonal variability of climate systems based on such coupling functions. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Arute, Frank, et al. Quantum Supremacy using a Programmable Superconducting Processor. Nature. 574/505, 2019. We note this entry with some 90 co-authors from Google AI Quantum to the University of Illinois for its historic claim of qubit-based computations which ran at a faster speed and demonstrated more capability than classic machines. While said to be debatable, we note this milestone as our collective human ingenuity enters a new intentional phase of genesis procreation going forward.

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Ornes, Stephen. Quantum Effects Enter the Macroworld. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 116/22413, 2019. A science writer describes how the 2010s quantum revolution whence this arcane depth became treatable as a complex network system, in addition to its special characteristics, which has then opened a new frontier for all manner of devices and communications.

Entanglement is the counterintuitive idea that particles can have an intrinsic connection that endures no matter the distance between them. The phenomenon remains one of the most curious and least understood consequences of quantum mechanics. Measure the quantum properties of one of a pair of entangled particles, and the other changes instantaneously. But recently, physicists have taken entanglement and other quantum effects to new extremes by observing them in large systems such as clouds of atoms, quantum drums, wires, and etched silicon chips. Device by device, they are bringing the quantum world into a new territory — the macroscopic, classical world. (22413)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Parisi, Jason and Justin Ball. The Future of Fusion Energy. Singapore: World Scientific, 2019. Oxford University and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology physicists cover the range from basic principles to plasma confinement, construction, problems on to the ITER project below. The project is then set in a context of human beings gaining ever more access, control and usage of natural solar energies from combustions to this hypercomplex avail of atomic force. In an even wider vista, it could appear that our human phenomenon is meant to do this, which we to soon need realize, so as to migitate climate change in time.

In an engaging narrative, this popular science book explains the basic tools to understand how fusion works, its potential, and contemporary research issues. Written by young engineer researchers in the field, it shows how physical laws and the Earth's energy resources motivate the current fusion program — a broad endeavor that is approaching a critical point. The world's largest fusion reactor to date, a 35 nation joint effort dubbed ITER Tokamak (www.iter.org) is nearing completion. Its success could trigger a worldwide race to build a power plant, but failure could delay fusion by decades. To these ends, this book details how ITER's results could be used to design an economically competitive power plant as well as some of the many alternative fusion concepts. (Publisher edits)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Patterson, Eann, et al. An Integrated Digital Framework for the Design, Build and Operation of Fusion Power Plants. Royal Society Open Science. 6/10, 2019. As a next stage in this broad project to research and construct, a team of British nuclear scientists and engineers lay out programs going forward to achieve a practical, safe and effective fusion model, instead of and beyond problematic fission methods. Google these titles MIT launches multimillion-dollar collaboration to develop fusion energy and UK hatches plan to build world's first fusion power plant to reach news items in Nature.

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Thew, Rob, et al. Focus on Quantum Science and Technology Initiatives Around the World. Quantum Science and Technology. November, 2019. Editors from Switzerland, Canada, and Japan post a special collection for this radical worldwide ability to presently treat quantum phenomena as a common dynamic complex, network system which conveys content. Many unique applications with novel features then become possible such as faster computers and internet web.

Quantum physics has been a fascinating field of research for over a century, but is often seen as complex and difficult to understand. Information science was another primary development, but mostly as the reserve of complex and abstract mathematics. These technologies are sometimes seen as the first quantum revolution. Into the 21st century, a shift towards the development of products and applications by industrial companies has occurred, along with governments that realize the significance of these advances. This collection of Perspectives will provide insight into what is now a global pursuit. The first five papers cover established initiatives in Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, and the USA. Further inputs from the UK and China will appear. So as 2020 approaches, we feel it is time to announce a second quantum revolution. (Summary excerpt.)

Future > New Earth > democracy

Geier, Fabian, et al. The Physics of Governance Networks: Critical Transitions in Contagion Dynamics on Multilayer Adaptive Networks Applied to the Sustainable Use of Renewable Resources. European Physical Journal Special Topics. 228/2357, 2019. Complexity scientists from Germany and Sweden mainly at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research including Jurgen Kurths and Jonathon Donges, apply the latest theories as they focus on a common tendency to seek and reach an optimum reciprocal balance. By our natural philoSophia view, collective human ingenuity begins to realize a universal mathematic dynamics which underlie and guide our historic, societal affairs. In regard, by a 21st century revelation and revolution could align with life’s complementary preference, rather than mutual conflict. See also Governance Networks in Public Administration and Policy by Christopher Koliba, et al, eds. (Routledge, 2018) which advocates an avail of complex adaptive systems.

Adaptive networks can serve to model phenomena such as contagion and spreading dynamics, critical transitions and complex structure formation. Here, we study multilayer adaptive networks with dynamic node states and present an application to the governance of sustainable resource use. We focus on a three layer model, where a governance network interacts with a social network of resource users which in turn interacts with an ecological network of renewable resources. Our results uncover mechanisms which lead to emergent critical transitions in contagion dynamics and show how they can be analyzed and understood with relevance complex adaptive systems from physics and epidemiology to sociology and global sustainability science. (Abstract excerpts)

Future > New Earth > democracy

Maner, Jon. Dominance and Prestige: A Tale of Two Hierarchies. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 26/6, 2017. A Florida State University psychologist contributes to a growing perception that dual but often oppositional social styles are in wide existence. Within these title terms, the “Dominance” mode is narcissist, aggressive, uses coercive, intimidates, rules by fear, while Prestige favors agreement, relations, empathy, respect, and so on. Examples are given as Dani warriors in New Guinea and Donald Trump, or Tsimane communities in Bolivia and Martin Luther King. See also his 2016 chapter Dominance and Prestige: Dual Strategies for Social Hierarchies in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 54), and a 2019 paper A Dual Model of Leadership and Hierarchy by Mark Van Vugt and Jennifer Smith, below.

Dominance and prestige represent evolved strategies used to navigate social hierarchies. Dominance is a strategy through which people gain and maintain social rank by using coercion, intimidation, and power. Prestige people gain and maintain social rank by displaying valued knowledge and skills and earning respect. The current article synthesizes recent research about differences between dominance- versus prestige-oriented individuals, including personality traits and emotions, strategic behaviors in social interactions, leadership mores, and physiological correlates of both behaviors. The article also reviews effects that dominance versus prestige has on the functioning and well-being of social groups. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > democracy

Van Vugt, Mark and Jennifer Smith. A Dual Model of Leadership and Hierarchy: Evolutionary Synthesis. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Online October, 2019. A Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam neuropsychologist and a Mills College, Oakland, CA behavioral ecologist weigh in on polarized governing styles by way of a deep and wide census of their presence throughout animal groupings from cetaceans to primates. A set of working terms are dominance and prestige, whence the prior mode is narcissist, aggressive, coercive, intimidates, rules by fear, while the latter is agreeable, values affiliations, empathic, guides by empowerment. By turns, these are male and female roles, whence an obvious resolution of political gridlock ought to be a mutual complementary equity. See also Jon Maher’s paper Dominance and Prestige herein for an earlier reference.

From the popularity of authoritarian political leaders to the under-representation of women in boardrooms, leadership is an important theme in current human social affairs. Leadership is also a prominent research topic in the biological, social, and cognitive sciences. However, these active literatures have evolved somewhat independently and there is a need for synthesis. A comparative-evolutionary approach can integrate divergent perspectives by a distinction between two leadership styles, prestige and dominance, that have contrasting expressions, functions, histories, and neural developmental pathways. The distinction may help to resolve various scientific puzzles, such as: (i) opposing views on the different functions and expressions of leadership; (ii) the appeal of dominance-style leaders; and (iii) sex biases in leadership emergence in modern society. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > Viable Gaia

Voda, Mihal, et al. Geosystems’ Pathways to the Future of Sustainability. Nature Scientific Reports. 9/14446, 2019. An appropriate collaboration across four continents of computational geographers from Dimitrie Cantemir University, Romania, University of Nairobi, Wuhan University, and California State University broach a proposal for a global facility whose Google Earth apps can be accessed on tablet devices so as to achieve and record instant visualizations of close and wide scope. By this capability, streaming evaluation and management of bioregion ecosystem health or lack thereof can be constantly surveyed.

The world’s future development depends on effective human-computer linkages. From local to global, the virtual illustrations of a geographical, integrative place have to emphasize a peoples‘ place on our round Earth. Human values and social networks are now empowered by the unlimited creativity of smartphone applications. Our Geosystem grounded theory envisions that the sustainable management of natural resources requires that poorer communities have full access to the new technological advances. This paper will attempt to show the effectiveness of Geomedia techniques in the identification, evaluation, and valorization processes for the benefit of local inhabitants. This present methodology uses smartphone apps, Google Earth environmental datasets, Global Positioning Systems, and WebGIS for an assessment of regions throughout the world. (Abstract edits)

Future > Self-Selection

Canales, Manuel, et al. One Strange Rock. National Geographic. March, 2017. As a companion article for a 10 part TV series with this title, senior editors MC and Matthew Chwastyk and science writer Eve Conant compile a list of thirteen reasons why this Earth, upon which a planetary sapience has evolved able to do this, appears to be the successful outcome of many especially fortuitous astronomic, geologic, and biotic conditions and event.

Earth is well equipped as a planet and ideally placed in our solar system and galaxy to support life as we know it. The product of some 4.6 billion years of cosmic construction, oru planet is flush with life thanks to a fortuitous set of conditions, from the optimal chemical makeup of our planetary core to our safe distance from the hidden black hole at the center of the Milky Way.

Thirteen Reasons: 1. Our planet recycles life-friendly carbon over time, 2. We have an ozone layer to block harmful rays, 3.We have a big moon to stabilize our axial wobble, 4. Earth’s varied surfaces support many life-forms, 5. Our magnetic field deflects solar tempests, 6. We’re at just the right distance from the sun, 7. We’re situated safely away from gas giants, 8.The sun is a stable, long-lasting star, 9. Wehave the right stuff to host a dynamic core, 10. We have Giant planets that protect us from afar, 11. Our sun offers protection from galactic debris, 12. Our galactic path steers us clear of hazards, and 13. Our location is far from stellar crowds.

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