(logo) Natural Genesis (logo text)
A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
Table of Contents
Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
Recent Additions

II. Earth Learn: A Planetary Prodigy Comes to Her/His Own Knowledge

C. Global Genius: A Collective, Intelligent, Worldwise Mindkinder

    The worldwide network of lights and urban centers form an interlinked unity of intelligence and information, luminously evident at night. This NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day for August 22, 2004 is a composite of hundreds of images from the Goddard Space Flight Center, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, National Geophysical Data Center and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Their web address is: http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap040822.html. Similar vistas can be found at NASA's Visible Earth website: www.visibleearth.nasa.gov.


With life’s evolution found to be a nested, recurrent sequence of whole entities, (please see Part V and throughout), its next evident, emergent transition of planetary proportions seems much underway. In regard, a metamorphosis to a diverse yet unified super-organic entity, a sapient personsphere, is variously cited. Part VII, B. EarthKinder alludes to metabiological features of anatomy, physiology and complementary cultures. What is of sure interest is the formation of a global cerebral faculty, an actual brain presently learning on its (her/his) own. Since evolution seems to repeat the same pattern at each ascendant stage, this worldwide scale seems once again to be graced by a neural network structure, hierarchical thought processes and cognitive activity.

But an ultimate consequence of achieving its own knowledge has hardly been considered. If the advent of a novel planetary locus of learning and discovery can be admitted and translated, it could gather and integrate the many fragments now at terminal odds. At a time when peoples cannot break free of ancient cycles of violence and carnage, such a common edification by a unified humanity is indispensible. We can cite one salient notice by Thomas Malone, director of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence (cci.mit.edu). His Superminds (2018) edition, and You Tube presentations do suggest that such a true noosphere composed of people and computers ought achieve its own palliative and creative knowledge and may be the only way we can save ourselves. And we note its “library of ecosmos” published content is the inspiration and reason for our annotated bibliography and anthology format.

We see people, machines and software systems as agents that communicate via complex network links. These agents contribute their own expertise to resolving problems and challenges. Thus the skills of different agents are pooled into a collective intelligence much greater than that of its individual members. This propagation across the global network is a complex process of self-organization. It is similar to the "spreading activation" that characterizes thinking in the human brain. This process will change the network by reinforcing useful links, while weakening less useful ones. So it can be said that the network learns and becomes more intelligent. (Global Brain Institute)

2020: By this bidecadal year, a novel online informative sapiensphere could be seen in place to an extent that it has commenced to learn on its (her/his) own. Again, this perception is the conceptual basis of this resource site. As we human persons contribute to and daily avail, an accessible global repository of accumulated knowledge can become apparent. In wider regard, as an ecosmic (genomic) source may at last reach its conscious recognition, this vast content can be feed back to salve, heal, and enhance the valiant beings it arose from. A specific, crucial case may be its biological and medical application to cure and bring an end to the COVID-19 pandemic. As 214 select references to date may convey, it would serve me + We = US to become aware of its salutary presence, a novel Earthomo dispensation we so need.

Aerts, Diederik, et al. Towards a Quantum World Wide Web. Theoretical Computer Science. 752/116, 2018.

Chorost, Michael. World Wide Mind. New York: Free Press, 2011.

Engel, David and Thomas Malone. Integrated Information as a Metric for Group Interaction. arXiv:1702.02462.

Falk, Emily and Danielle Bassett. Brain and Social Networks. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 21/9, 2017.

Heylighen, Francis and Marta Lenartowicz. The Global Brain as a Model of the Future Information Society. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 114/1, 2017.

Hillis, Ken, et al. Google and the Culture of Search. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2012.

Last, Cadell. Global Brain: Foundations of a Distributed Singularity. Korotayev, Andrey and David LePoire, eds. The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures. International: Springer, 2019.

Malone, Thomas. Superminds. Grand Haven, MI: Brilliance Publishing, 2018.

Noriega-Campero, Alejandro, et al. The Wisdom of the Network. arXiv:1805.04766.

Sloman, Steven and Philip Fernbach. The Knowledge Illusion: Why We Never Think Alone. New York: Riverhead Books, 2017.

Sole, Ricard, et al. Synthetic Collective Intelligence. BioSystems. Online February, 2016.

Tetlow, Philip. The Web’s Awake. Hoboken, NJ: IEEE Press/Wiley Interscience, 2007.

8th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics, and Information. www.iiisci.org/sci2004. This international meeting is noted because it plans to provide a balance of each brain hemisphere complement.

We are trying to relate the analytic thinking required in focused conference sessions to the synthetic thinking required for analogies generation….We are trying to promote a synergic relation between analytically and synthetically oriented minds, as it is found between left and right brain hemispheres….SCI 2004 might be perceived as a research corpus callosum trying to bridge analytically with synthetically oriented efforts, convergent with divergent thinkers.

China Knowledge Grid Research Group. www.knowledgegrid.net. This site is a portal to leading edge projects in China in collaborative computing, e-science, innovation culture and so on. Its founder and main mentor is Professor Hai Zhuge. (see below) His recent paper, China's e-Science Knowledge Grid Environment. IEEE Intelligent Systems. 19/1, 2004, provides an overview.

The Knowledge Grid is an intelligent and sustainable Internet application environment that enables people or virtual roles (mechanisms that facilitate interoperation among users, applications, and resources) to effectively capture, publish, share and manage explicit knowledge resources. It also provides on-demand services to support innovation, cooperative teamwork, problem-solving and decision making. It incorporates epistemology and ontology to reflect human cognition characteristics; exploits social, ecological and economic principles; and adopts the techniques and standards developed during work toward the next-generation web.

Collective Intelligence 2012. www.ci2012.org. Sponsored by the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence, this frontier gathering was held April 18 – 20 at the Cambridge Marriott, by the MIT campus. Conference chairs are Thomas Malone, founding director of the MIT Center, and Luis von Ahn, Carnegie Mellon University web wizard. Full papers can now be accessed at this website, click on Proceedings. A good typical paper is "Collective Intelligence in Humans: A Literature Review" by Juho Salminen of Lappeenranta University, Finland.

Collective intelligence has existed at least as long as humans have, because families, armies, countries, and companies have all--at least sometimes--acted collectively in ways that seem intelligent. But in the last decade or so a new kind of collective intelligence has emerged: groups of people and computers, connected by the Internet, collectively doing intelligent things. For example, Google technology harvests knowledge generated by millions of people creating and linking web pages and then uses this knowledge to answer queries in ways that often seem amazingly intelligent. Or in Wikipedia, thousands of people around the world have collectively created a very large and high quality intellectual product with almost no centralized control, and almost all as volunteers! These early examples of Internet-enabled collective intelligence are not the end of the story but just the beginning. And in order to understand the possibilities and constraints of these new kinds of intelligence, we need a new interdisciplinary field. Forming such a field is one of the goals of this conference.

e-Print archive. www.arXiv.org. The huge online site for electronically published papers in theoretical and experimental science and mathematics. Many technical references are now just listed as: arXiv:hep-th/# where hep-th for example means High Energy Physics-Theory, followed by the number of the paper.

ArXiv is an e-print service in the fields of physics, mathematics, non-linear science, computer science, and quantitative biology. The contents of arXiv conform to Cornell University academic standards. ArXiv is owned, operated and funded by Cornell University, a private not-for-profit educational institution. (website home)

FuturICT: New Science and Technology to Manage Our Complex, Strongly Connected World. www.futurict.eu. Inspired by ETH Zurich systems sociologist Dirk Helbing and colleagues, an array of universities, research institutions, businesses, and government agencies formed this consortium to plan and achieve a European and global computation internetwork so as to understand and solve problems that now daunt us as individuals. An enabling impetus is said to be the paradigm shift from objects alone to equally include relational dynamics, the nonlinear revolution. Click on a “Science” section to find a distinguished list of Partners, some 100 men and 10 women, across areas such as Planetary-Scale Reality Mining, Architectures and Processes for Social Supercomputing, Human Information Symbiosis and Ethics, Crisis Observatories, Smart Cities, and so on.

From the home page, under “Big Science” one can download a manifesto “What FuturICT Will Do: New Science and Technology to Manage Our Complex, Strongly Connected World.” News and info about the project can be found in the February 11, 2011 Science on Megadata, and an article by David Weinberger “The Machine that would Predict the Future” in Scientific American for December 2011. But a sense of a greater major emergence, an Earthwide evolutionary transition going on by itself, eludes, although by any vista our global Gaiakind seems to be intentionally forming an organic anatomy, physiology, and cerebral intelligence. We quote from the well meaning document.

Today, we know more about the universe than about our society. It's time to use the power of information to explore social and economic life on Earth and discover options for a sustainable future. Together, we can manage the challenges of the 21st century, combining the best of all knowledge. We think that integrating ICT, Complexity Science and the Social Sciences will create a paradigm shift, facilitating a symbiotic co-evolution of ICT and society. Data from our complex globe-spanning ICT system will be leveraged to develop models of techno-socio-economic systems. In turn, insights from these models will inform the development of a new generation of socially adaptive, self-organized ICT systems. FuturICT as a whole will act as a Knowledge Accelerator, turning massive data into knowledge and technological progress. In this way, FuturICT will create the scientific methods and ICT platforms needed to address planetary-scale challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. Specifically, FuturICT will build a sophisticated simulation, visualization and participation platform, called the Living Earth Platform.

This is where the Planetary Nervous System comes in. It can be imagined as a global sensor network, where ‘sensors’ include anything able to provide data in real-time about socio-economic, environmental or technological systems (including the Internet). Such an infrastructure will enable real-time data mining - reality mining - and the calibration and validation of coupled models of socio-economic, technological and environmental systems with their complex interactions. It will even be possible to extract suitable models in a data-driven way, guided by theoretical knowledge.

Global Brain Institute. sites.google.com/site/gbialternative1.. The home page for this Free University of Brussels endeavor to engage and scope out into the 2010s the enveloping, vital presence of a worldwide cerebral faculty as it may gain an intelligence, knowledge and life of its own. The veteran director is Francis Heylighen, search for his comprehensive papers, and for members such as Clement Vidal, Marta Lenartowicz and Dirk Helbing.

We see people, machines and software systems as agents that communicate via complex network links. These agents contribute their own expertise to resolving problems and challenges. Thus the skills of different agents are pooled into a collective intelligence much greater than that of its individual members. This propagation across the global network is a complex process of self-organization. It is similar to the "spreading activation" that characterizes thinking in the human brain. This process will change the network by reinforcing useful links, while weakening less useful ones. So it can be said that the network learns and becomes more intelligent.

SETI Decoding Alien Intelligence Workshop. https://daiworkshop.seti.org/guest-papers. A unique meeting with a stellar cast to wonder all about extraterrestrial neighbors, relative life forms, (linguistic) communications, and much more, held at the SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA in March 2018. The event was a response to Nathalie Cabrol’s 2016 paper Alien Mindscapes (search) which entered an initial litany of topics and concerns. On the above site, abstracts and papers are posted such as Astrobiology: Thy Name is Synergy by Penelope Boston, Evolving SETI for the 21st Century by Steven Dick, Bio-Friendly Exoplanets by Seth Shostak, The Spiritual Quest in the SETI Research by Jose Funes, SJ, and Cognitive Planetary Transformations by David Grinspoon. Some other speakers were Jill Tarter, Lori Marino, Annamarie Berea, Terence Deacon, and Erik Zackrisson. A tacit assumption, it ought to be noted, was to treat exoworld civilizations, if they exist, as a whole, thinking planet, a noosphere entity (but this Earth has not yet been appreciated that way).

Perhaps what SETI is searching for is not merely the appearance of a certain kind of civilization on a planet, but a transition in planetary evolution to what we might call the Sapiezoic Eon, in which cognitive processes become integrated into the functioning of a planet. Now we see the advent of a radically new type of global change: Self-aware cognitive/geological processes. If the “Anthropocene” marks the beginning of the Sapiezoic Eon - then it requires that cognitive processes can become a long-term stable part of a planet. Global technological influence contains both perils which threaten to make this a short-lived stage and the possibility that this phenomenon could become a very long-lived and even permanent part of the Earth system. I will discuss the possible observable properties of planets that have gone through a Sapiezoic transition. (Grinspoon)

The “wave-particle” theory of communication: communication as both means and meaning of information exchange. Shannon explored only the “wave” theory of communication as a means of exchanging information, devoid of meaning. On another hand, semiotics and cryptography explore the “particle” theory of communication – the meaning of communication devoid of the means of communicating. Therefore mapping communication from cells to societies in distinct terms of means and meaning of communication would help understand where the two aspects of the phenomenon of communication converge and where they diverge. (Berea, 1-2)

The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence research assumes that we live in a bio-friendly universe. But do we live in a spiritual-friendly universe? We propose to include the spiritual quest in a new multidisciplinary approach to SETI. We consider different types of alien civilizations by including a Spiritual factor according to the characteristics of those civilizations as described in this paper. We propose to simulate the number of planets where there is a Communicating Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CETI) in our Galaxy. To validate our thought experiment, we propose to apply this model to the different ages of human history trying to describe different alien civilizations according to the Spiritual factor. (Funes)

The Computer, the Brain, and the Internet. http://santafe.edu/events/abstract/1496. A posting for a Santa Fe Institute Public Lecture on May 27, 2009 by the neuroscience luminaries Marvin Minsky and Gerald Edelman. What is at once notable, as its Abstract conveys, is an advance from standalone PC computers to their worldwide network connectivity seen as the best current metaphor for a brain (again via the latest technology). By just turning this around, can it not imply that the global Internet can indeed be known as a cerebral Noosphere?

In an effort to explain the brain, scientists have turned historically to computers, both as a tool for studying the brain and mind, and as a model for how the brain might work. We now live in the age of distributed data and computers, and the internet has emerged as a giant cobweb of communication among computers and their users. Some now suggest that the internet is our best current model for the brain, and thought is nothing but a form of search in the space of ideas. As we move towards more advanced technology, the brain, the computer, and the internet are progressively merging, and our identities and insights are assuming a radically new form.

Wikipedia. www.wikipedia.org. Surely mention ought be made of this ubiquitous, free, volunteer, diverse and complete, encyclopedic online resource. Founded in 2001 by Jimmy Wales, it is the first hit for almost any query, a grain of salt is needed, but one can learn about most any and everything. One of the best takes on this efflorescence is Chapter 14 “After the Flood” in James Gleick’s 2011 The Information. But the chapter’s subtitle is “The Great Album of Babel.” Although several million items are posted, more than Britannica, a peek at an “A-Z Index” screen offers over a thousand alphabetic options, the main organizing or sorting device. As a January 30, 2011 article in the New York Times “Define Gender Gap? Look Up Wikipedia’s Contributor List” notes, the majority of contributors and editors are men, its competitive mode is said to be off-putting for women. Britannica is no better, for Propaedia lists every topical section with some 30 to 40 men writers to one woman.

Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet has free access to the sum of all human knowledge. Jimmy Wales

Aberer, Karl, et al. Emergent Semantic Systems. Bouzeghoub, Mokrane, et al, eds. Semantics of a Networked World. Berlin: Springer, 2004. This quite global article with 12 contributors from 8 countries on 3 continents is part of a concerted project to develop a semantics, ontology (protocols) and vocabulary for a commonly accessible worldwide information network. To accomplish this, it is vital to understand its inherent self-organizing dynamics. These involve an evolutionary interplay of objects and relations, agents and distribution, which are facilitated by local agreements and rules. By this approach, the universal self-organization of nature and science can be extended to the planetary Internet, which takes on a cerebral quality through Kohonen and Edelman neural nets. In other words, what is being described is a complex adaptive system with these generic complements.

A self-organizing system essentially consists of a system that evolves towards displaying global system behaviors and structures that are more than an aggregation of the properties of its component parts….these patterns are arrived at through interactions between components such that these components only have local information, knowledge or local rules. The collection of information arising from local rules and knowledge leads to the emergent properties of the global system as a whole. (23)

Abraham, Ajith, et al, eds. Computational Social Network Analysis. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010. With an international array of authors, a notable chapter is “Toward Self-Organizing Search Systems” by a team from France and the Czech Republic about wide-ranging efforts to build such capacities into ubiquitous computer systems. As human beings merge into multi-faceted business, scientific, media, and all kinds of linkages, if such geometries and cogitations might be compared, e.g., with Murray Shanahan’s 2010 exposition of global workspace brain dynamics, we might approach the presence of a true worldwide cerebral faculty.

Aerts, Diederik, et al. Towards a Quantum World Wide Web. Theoretical Computer Science. 752/116, 2018. In a special Quantum Structures in Computer Science issue, an eight person team with postings in Belgium, the Philippines, UK, and Chile including Sandro Sozzo draw upon many previous essays (search here and arXiv) to now advance a comparative parallel between quantum phenomena and the global Internet. If to gloss the whole rich paper, correlations are made between particle/wave dualities and equivalent website/informative content pairings. By this view in the later 2010s, across this widest span, a clear similarity between a physical substrate and our worldwise sapiensphere becomes evident. A natural affinity and complementarity is thus apparent whence our human acumen, as it rises to a cerebral collaborative intelligence, gains a quantum essence, while in turn cosmic physics appears brain-like with a textual character. Along with current reports of a universally recurrent complex network system, a further notice of common cross-identities between quantum, genome, brains, literature, a global noosphere are also revealed. Some other entries are Generalized Relations in Linguistics & Cognition by Bob Coecke, et al, and A Quantum-Inspired Multimodal Sentiment Analysis by Yazhou Zhang, et al.

We elaborate a quantum model for corpora of written documents, like the pages forming the World Wide Web. To that end, we are guided by how physicists constructed quantum theory for microscopic entities, which unlike classical objects cannot be fully represented in our spatial theater. We suggest that a similar construction needs to be carried out by linguists and computational scientists to capture the full meaning content of collections of documental entities. More precisely, we show how to associate a quantum-like ‘entity of meaning’ to a ‘language entity formed by printed documents’. We emphasize that a consistent Quantum Web or QWeb needs to account for the observed correlations between words appearing in printed documents. In that respect, we show that both ‘context and interference (quantum) effects’ are required to explain the probabilities calculated by counting the relative number of documents containing certain words and co-occurrences of words. (Abstract excerpt)

Our goal is to describe the Web as a ‘conceptual entity’, which can be in different states and submitted to different contexts. We first have to make clear the distinction between two kinds of Web: the standard (spatial) Web, made of actual webpages, formed by specific collections of letters and words, and the ‘meaning entity’ that we can associate with it, formed by concepts existing in different combinations. This meaning/conceptual entity is intimately related to the standard Web. Consider the similar situation in physics, for example an electron. Before the advent of quantum theory, it was believed that an electron was just a corpuscle, but on closer inspection it was realized that although an electron can leave corpuscular traces, its behavior was not reducible to that of a spatio-temporal (classical) particle, suggesting a wave-like nature. But even a description in terms of a ‘wave-particle duality’ appeared to be insufficient to capture the full reality of an electron, when combining with other electrons, as genuine multi-dimensional (non-spatial) ‘wave functions’ were required to fully describe this situation. So, already in physics we are confronted with the problem of distinguishing an entity like an electron, whose reality is not reducible to spatio-temporal phenomena, like waves, particles and fields, and the many ways an electron can concretely manifest, within our spatio-temporal theater, by leaving well-defined and readable traces in our measuring instruments. (118, excerpt)

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10  Next  [More Pages]