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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
Table of Contents
Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 171 found.

Cosmo Sapiens: A MultiUniVerse to HumanVerse Cosmonate Spacescape

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Antonelli, Peter, et al. Mathematical Essays on Growth and the Emergence of Form. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1985. We enter this edition in 2017 as an earlier glimmer and glimpse of an intrinsic generative source for biological structures. A lead chapter Statistical Mechanics and Biological Order by Charles Lumdsen and Lynn Trainor gives an inkling its present fulfillment. For another instance, we note Developing Organisms as Self-Organizing Fields by Brian Goodwin (search) because it is so referenced by Levin and Martyniuk in their Biolectric Code paper (2017). (I once heard Stephen Jay Gould and Goodwin speak at the same event in the 1990s at Harvard, which shows how scientists can have such opposite views about life’s evolution.)

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Miller, James B.. Cosmic Questions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 950, 2001. An introduction to proceedings of a 1999 AAAS & Smithsonian Institute conference to consider the millennial universe vistas across the sciences and humanities. A premier panel includes Joel Primack, Nancy Abrams, Owen Gingerich, Jaroslav Pelikan, Alan Guth, Neil Turok, John Leslie, John Barrow, Stephen Weinberg, John Polkinghorne, Lawrence Kushner, and John Haught. We enter in mid 2017 as an instance whence not two decades ago many areas from a big bang to life’s origin and beyond were vague and rudimentary. An exoplanet propensity, infinite multiverse, ubiquitous networks, and much more were not yet known.

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Riskin, Jessica. The Restless Clock: A History of the Centuries-Long Argument over What Makes Living Things Tick. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. The Stanford University historian of science continues her exposition of the curious strained course of scientific models of nature’s machine or organic character. (At the outset, one may note an extensive index where the ratio of men to women is about 100 to 1, e.g. Ada Comstock, Eva Jablonka). In any event, a mechanist turn since Isaac Newton, Robert Boyle and company has sought to remove a vital spontaneity or innate self-motive, so as to rule out divine influences. But this absence begged referral to a supernatural designer whom set the worldly mechanism in motion. The centuries since are a retold story of advocates from Rene Descartes and Thomas Huxley to Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett. Minority views are cited from Gottfried Leibniz and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck to Norbert Weiner, Alan Turing onto Gerd Muller and Stuart Newman today, with a full complement for both persuasions.

But from our late vantage, the result has been a cobbled conflation of mechanical and organic features and terms, many papers herein cite a protein or metabolic machinery. Indeed, a current entry Active Matter at the Interface between Materials Science and Cell Biology by Daniel Needleman and Zvonimir Dogic (2017) opens with a quote from Riskin’s book but implies that this novel meld of physics and biology may approach a resolve and synthesis. A further issue, not addressed by Riskin, or hardly anyone, moves beyond whatever paradigm one prefers, to whether a greater (genesis) reality actually abides with its own drive, course and destiny. To wit is there nothing, the current view, or an intrinsic something of which all manner and especially aware human beings, are an exemplary, intended phenomenon?

The Restless Clock examines the origins and history of the principle banning agency from science and this principle’s accompanying clockwork model of nature, in particular as these apply to the science of living things. The Restless Clock also tells the story of a tradition of dissenters who embraced the opposite principle: that agency is an essential and ineradicable part of nature. (2) By “agency,” then I mean simply an intrinsic capacity to act in the world, to do things in a way that is neither predetermined nor random. Its opposite is passivity. (3)

This book has traced the history of a paradox at the heart of modern science, a paradox of particular significance for scientific accounts of life and mind. The paradox originated in the seventeenth century, with the emergence of modern science, in its mechanical clockwork model of nature. This model banished from nature all purpose, sentience, and agency, leaving behind a brute mechanical world that was fully intelligible without reference to mysterious forces or agencies. These chapters have also traced the parallel development of a competing form of science that naturalized rather than exported purpose and agency. This alternative, active-mechanist tradition, though overshadowed by the brute-mechanist one, developed in ongoing dialectic with it. (337)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Allen, Roland and Suzy Lindstrom. Life, the Universe, and Everything – 42 Fundamental Questions. Physica Scripta. 92/1, 2017. An illustrated lead article in a Focus Issue on 21st Century Frontiers by Texas A&M University and Uppsala University physicists which avails Douglas Adams’ famous number to list prime areas such as black hole phenomena, cosmic inflation, quantum photonics, an anthropic multiverse, spacetime consistency, universal life, why consciousness, and so on. But within the present mindset, they remain as fragmented topics with still no wonderment about what it altogether might be and mean, which we Earthlings struggle to imagine.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Xu, Zhongmin, et al. The Common Developmental Road: Tensions among Centripetal and Centrifugal Dynamics. National Science Review. Online April, 2017. In this Oxford Academic journal of advances in science, medicine, technology, and worldviews from China, a unique collaboration of five Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin researchers with the emeritus University of Maryland environmentalist and author Robert Ulanowicz (search) achieves a synthesis of Western theories with an Eastern sense of an organic, innately procreative nature. As the Abstract cites, a prime concept is an autocatalytic essence which engenders a spiral ascent via coming together and moving apart states, akin to Yin and Yang within a Tao unity. In our midst, if we could only stop fighting and globally contemplate, a palliative resolve is just becoming clear. Apropos, see also Ulanowicz’s latest papers: Process Ecology: Making Room for Creation in Sophia: International Journal of Philosophy and Traditions (55/357, 2016) and Towards a More Global Understanding of Development and Evolution in Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology (Online July 2017) as he presses his mission beyond a vested mechanical reduction that cannot allow an integrative reciprocity.

Western thought since the Enlightenment has been predominantly linear in scope, while Eastern philosophy has focused mostly on the cyclical. Recent advances in complex systems, however, have highlighted the importance of cycles in nature, thereby opening an avenue for new common endeavors. This analysis centers on the role of autocatalytic loops and addresses the evolutionary relationship between competition and cooperation. It posits an evolutionary chain running from individual competition, to individual cooperation, to collective competition, to deep cooperation. We identify the centripetality that is consequent to autocatalysis and define three types of centrifugalities. Development is defined in the context of the tension between these opposing directions. Finally, we propose an evolutionary process consisting of four stages: 1. autognosis, 2. autocatalytic loop formation, 3. self-control, and 4. self-realization (sensu Taoism). The developmental narrative promises to become a useful tool for facilitating communication between Eastern and Western cultures. (Abstract)

A Planetary Prodigy: HumanKinder's Own Knowledge

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Burridge, James. Spatial Evolution of Human Dialects. Physical Review X. 7/031008, 2017. In an extensive technical paper, the Portsmouth University systems mathematician considers ways that widely removed material principles and literary editions could yet be found to have a common affinity. It is noted here as an auspicious cross-fertilization, not conceivable much earlier. We seem on the verge of a discovery that universe and human indeed form a continuous, exemplary radiation, which has a long tradition, by way of innately textual natural creation. In accord, our anthropo/cosmo sapiensphere may thus be appreciated as phenomenal readers, and re-writers. A commentary in the same issue is Language Boundaries Driven by Surface Tension by the linguist Andrew D. M. Smith.

The geographical pattern of human dialects is a result of history. Here, we formulate a simple spatial model of language change which shows that the final result of this historical evolution may, to some extent, be predictable. The model shows that the boundaries of language dialect regions are controlled by a length minimizing effect analogous to surface tension, mediated by variations in population density which can induce curvature, and by the shape of coastline or similar borders. The predictability of dialect regions arises because these effects will drive many complex, randomized early states toward one of a smaller number of stable final configurations. The model is able to reproduce observations and predictions of dialectologists. These include dialect continua, isogloss bundling, fanning, the wavelike spread of dialect features from cities, and the impact of human movement on the number of dialects that an area can support. (Abstract)

We conclude by noting that a major theme of the book War and Peace by Tolstoy is the idea that history is determined not by great individuals but rather by millions of small choices made by the people: “To elicit the laws of history we must leave aside kings, ministers, and generals, and select for study the homogeneous, infinitesimal elements which influence the masses” [98]. As pointed out by Vitány [99], Tolstoy was, in modern terms, advocating the formulation of a statistical mechanics of history. The work we present is an attempt to formulate such a theory for the spatial history of language. Because of its simplicity, dealing only with copying and movement, our model may apply more broadly to other forms of culture. (20)

I (JB) am a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics at Portsmouth University. I am currently funded by a Leverhulme Fellowship for the academic year 2016-2017. I started my career studying Physics at the University of Warwick, and then did Maths Part III at the University of Cambridge, followed by a Ph.D. in Statistical Physics also at Cambridge. Before becoming a lecturer, I worked in banking as a Quant in interest rate derivatives for RBS, before becoming a school Mathematics and Physics teacher.

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Chrisomalis, Stephen. Numerical Notation: A Comparative History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. A Wayne State University linguistic anthropologist achieves an encyclopedic survey of how homo sapiens came to develop alphabetic and numerical systems as they so distinguish our literate, technical societies. Among other endeavors, the author is involved a MathCorps project at WSU to aid the teaching of mathematics in Detroit middle schools.

This book is a cross-cultural reference volume of all attested numerical notation systems (graphic, non-phonetic systems for representing numbers), encompassing more than 100 such systems used over the past 5,500 years. Using a typology that defies progressive, unilinear evolutionary models of change, Stephen Chrisomalis identifies five basic types of numerical notation systems, using a cultural phylogenetic framework to show relationships between systems and to create a general theory of change in numerical systems. Numerical notation systems are primarily representational systems, not computational technologies. Cognitive factors that help explain how numerical systems change relate to general principles, such as conciseness or avoidance of ambiguity, which apply also to writing systems. The transformation and replacement of numerical notation systems relates to specific social, economic, and technological changes, such as the development of the printing press or the expansion of the global world-system. (Publisher)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Gallego, Angel and Roman Orus. The Physical Structure of Grammatical Correlations. arXiv:1708.01525. In this late 2010s scientific rehab of a truly whole cosmos, which must be one, a University of Barcelona linguist and a Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz physicist find another way join human literature within natural phenomena. As a result, via technical flourishes, language systems gain a “legitimacy, universality and optimality,” which by turns implies an innate textual, cosmic narrative.

In this paper we consider some well-known facts in syntax from a physics perspective, which allows us to establish some remarkable equivalences. Specifically, we observe that the operation MERGE put forward by N. Chomsky in 1995 can be interpreted as a physical information coarse-graining. Thus, MERGE in linguistics entails information renormalization in physics, according to different time scales. We make this point mathematically formal in terms of language models, i.e., probability distributions over word sequences, widely used in natural language processing as well as other ambits. The probability vectors of meaningful sentences are naturally given by tensor networks (TN) that are mostly loop-free. Moreover, using tools from quantum information and entanglement theory, we use these quantum states to prove classical lower bounds on the perplexity of the probability distribution for a set of words in a sentence. Implications of these results are discussed in the ambits of theoretical and computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, programming languages, RNA and protein sequencing, quantum many-body systems, and beyond. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Jamaati, Maryam and Ali Mehri. Text Mining by Tsallis Entropy. Physica A. September, 2017. Iran University of Science and Technology and Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Iran, physicists contribute another way that the far removed realms of condensed matter and human corpora can yet be (necessarily) appreciated as reflections of each other. In regard, as linguistic systems become treatable by physical theories, a grand synthesis of a textual cosmos as literary narrative at last becomes comprehensible.

Long-range correlations between the elements of natural languages enable them to convey very complex information. Complex structure of human language, as a manifestation of natural languages, motivates us to apply nonextensive statistical mechanics in text mining. Tsallis entropy appropriately ranks the terms’ relevance to document subject, taking advantage of their spatial correlation length. We apply this statistical concept as a new powerful word ranking metric in order to extract keywords of a single document. We carry out an experimental evaluation, which shows capability of the presented method in keyword extraction. We find that, Tsallis entropy has reliable word ranking performance, at the same level of the best previous ranking methods. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Taghipour, Nassim, et al. On Complexity of Persian Orthography. Complex Systems. 25/2, 2016. Iranian mathematicians along with the British computer scientist Andrew Adamatzky (search) proceed a millennium later to parse this literary corpus by way of computational L-systems (second quote) so to reveal the presence of independent, universally manifest, natural patterns. See also herein Text Mining by Tsallis Entropy by Iranian scholars (2017).

To understand how the Persian language developed over time, we uncover the dynamics of complexity of Persian orthography. We represent Persian words by L-systems and calculate complexity measures of these generative systems. The complexity measures include degrees of non-constructability, generative complexity, and morphological richness; the measures are augmented with time series analysis. The measures are used in a comparative analysis of four representative poets: Rudaki (858–940 AD), Rumi (1207–1273), Sohrab (1928–1980), and Yas (1982–present). We find that irregularity of the Persian language, as characterized by the complexity measures of L-systems representing the words, increases over temporal evolution of the language. (Abstract)

An L-system is a parallel rewriting system and a type of formal grammar. An L-system consists of an alphabet of symbols that can be used to make strings, a collection of production rules that expand each symbol into some larger string of symbols, an initial "axiom" string from which to begin construction, and a mechanism for translating the generated strings into geometric structures. L-systems were introduced and developed in 1968 by Aristid Lindenmayer, a Hungarian theoretical biologist and botanist at the University of Utrecht. Who used them to describe the behaviour of plant cells and to model the growth processes of plant development. (Wikipedia)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Yose, Joseph, et al. Network Analysis of the Viking Age in Ireland as Portrayed in Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh. arXiv:1707.07526. A millennium later almost to the year, United Kingdom systems scholars Yose and Ralph Kenna, Coventry University, Mairin MacCarron, University of Sheffield, and Padraig MacCarron, Social & Evolutionary Neurscience Research Group, Oxford University parse this classic Irish epic to show how even such classic literature is amenable to, and exemplifies the latest complexity theories.

Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh ("The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill") is a medieval Irish text, telling how an army under the leadership of Brian Boru challenged Viking invaders and their allies in Ireland, culminating with the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. Brian's victory is widely remembered for breaking Viking power in Ireland, although much modern scholarship disputes traditional perceptions. Here we introduce quantitative measures to the discussions. We present statistical analyses of network data embedded in the text to position its sets of interactions on a spectrum from the domestic to the international. This delivers a picture that lies between antipodal traditional and revisionist extremes. Additionally, we quantitatively compare the network properties of Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh to those of other epic-type narratives and find that, in many ways, they resemble those of the Iliad. (Abstract excerpts)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > The Book of Nature

Olson, David R.. The World on Paper: The Conceptual and Cognitive Implications of Writing and Reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto scholar extols the extent that our historical humanity is distinguished by the formation of alphabets, inscribed editions, and deep literacy which serve to transfer outer and inner realities onto a textual, recorded corpus. Of interest here is a Reading the Book of Nature chapter which makes especial note of a narrative scripture and creation. See also for another take, two decades on, his The Mind on Paper volume (Cambridge UP, 2016).

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > World Philosophy

Burgin, Mark and Joseph Brenner. Operators in Nature, Science, Technology, and Society. Philosophies. Online September 7, 2017. UCLA and Chemindu College, Paris theorists collaborate on a broadly information-based view of a self-organizing universe to human reality. But the thorough, densely argued paper is laden with the usual abstract wordage, sans any consideration of, or relation to an actual “cosmic elephant.” As a result, while “a unified theory of operators and logic in reality” is sound, one wonders what, in translation, it might actually mean. This is a common problem for academic writings. Yet they rightly profess an innate logos or agency in effect as nature’s creative source. Operators seem to imply computational algorithms, or the like, as they inform and impel an emergent, semiotic evolution. Notably its human phase accrues a special role as “homo operator,” whence it may pass onto our informed intention. See also Revolution in Philosophy: Towards an Informational Metaphilosophy of Science by Kun Wu and JB in this journal, October 2, 2017.

6.3. Self-Operation, Self-Operators, and Self-Organization: Self-operation is a phenomenon that refers to the ability of human operators and organizations of humans to operate on themselves, that is, recursively. The term self-operation actually includes a number of processes that also take place at lower levels of reality and thus, self-operation is abundant in nature, society and technology. Among the many kinds of self-operation studied by researchers and used for practical purposes are self-modification, self-organization, self-regulation, self-management, self-replication, self-production, self-control, and self-programming. All of these processes in the broadest sense refer to properties of a system to change both its internal environment (structure) and external behavior (functioning). In general, all of the natural and social operators that execute these operations are ipso facto self-operators. In this paper, we will limit our discussion to self-organization, self-control and self-regulation. (17)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > World Philosophy

Gade, Christian. A Discourse on African Philosophy: A New Perspective on Ubuntu and Transitional Justice in South Africa. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2017. An Aarhus University (Denmark) professor of human security provides an academic review of how political movements such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission may or may not understand or avail this “ethnophilosophic” tradition of African culture. Although much analysis goes on, its reciprocal essence of person in community, I am because we are, is not well emphasized.

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > World Philosophy

Wilder, Gary. Freedom Time: Negritude, Decolonization, and the Future of the World. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2015. The CUNY cultural anthropologist achieves an insightful survey of African social philosophy by way of the life and thought of the mid 20th century scholar sages Aime Cesaire (1913-2008) and Leopold Senghor (1906-2001). (Search for Senghor to reach more content and select writings, see also my Teilhard, Senghor, and Africa (2005) in Section XI.) The prime chapter is African Socialism and the Fate of the World in a turbulent 1960s much betwixt Christianity and Marxism. Their essential vision was to define a truly African organic cosmology of “symbiotic becoming” (217), a “dialectical” dynamic but as a communal reciprocity community of persons rather than polar communist or individualist. Senghor is noted to have drawn on Pierre Teilhard’s evolutionary theology as a way to join Marxist humanism and futurity with the divine transcendence of traditional religions. By virtue of this unique synthesis, a panhuman convergence, indeed a planetary civilization, and even a cosmic reconciliation might accrue (233).

Freedom Time reconsiders decolonization from the perspectives of Aimé Césaire (Martinique) and Léopold Sédar Senghor (Senegal) who, beginning in 1945, promoted self-determination without state sovereignty. As politicians, public intellectuals, and poets they struggled to transform imperial France into a democratic federation, with former colonies as autonomous members of a transcontinental polity. Refusing to reduce colonial emancipation to national independence, they regarded decolonization as an opportunity to remake the world, reconcile peoples, and realize humanity’s potential. Emphasizing the link between politics and aesthetics, Gary Wilder reads Césaire and Senghor as pragmatic utopians, situated humanists, and concrete cosmopolitans whose postwar insights can illuminate current debates about self-management, postnational politics, and planetary solidarity.

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