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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 43 found.


Natural Genesis Vision: A 21st Century Revolutionary Discovery

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Borner, Katy. Atlas of Forecasts: Modeling and Mapping Desirable Futures. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2021. As the quote notes, every five years or so it seems Katy Borner gifts us with a unique, informative, visual display all about humankind’s on-going scientific edification. This latest volume then offers an expansive guide looking ahead to a better world guided by what we have learned so far. The five main modules, Introduction and History, Methods, Models in Action, Science Maps, and Envisioning Desirable Futures, are filled with images and graphs about topics such as Fractals via Reaction-Diffusion Dynamics, Epidemic Tipping Points, Knowledge Webs, and Polar Bear Habitats. But a reader may wonder over an absence of any inquiry, as many other works also, into whatever phenomenal Earthwise actuality and significance might be found.

To envision and create the futures we want, society needs an appropriate understanding of the likely impact of alternative actions. Data models and visualizations offer a way to understand and intelligently manage complex, interlinked systems in science and technology, education, and policymaking. Here the creator (search) of Atlas of Science (2010) and Atlas of Knowledge (2015), shows how we can factually predict, communicate, and attain viable futures. The models and maps illuminate key processes and outcomes of complex systems dynamics, what progress in science and technology is likely to be made; and how policymakers can better guide regions or nations.

Katy Börner is a Distinguished Professor of Engineering and Information Science at the Indiana University Luddy School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering. She is also founding director of the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center. Since 2005, she has served as a curator of the international Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit.

Earth Learn: A Planetary Prodigy Comes to Her/His Own Knowledge

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Ntampaka, Michele and Alexey Vikhlinin. The Importance of Being Interpretable: Toward an Understandable Machine Learning Encoder for Galaxy Cluster Cosmology. arXiv:2112.05768. note this posting by Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore and Harvard Smithsonian Center cosmologists as an instance among many of our apparent Earthuman ability to proceed forth with such an intended participatory self-quantification across any multiUniVersal depth and breadth.

We present a deep machine learning (ML) approach to study cosmological parameters with multi-wavelength observations of galaxy clusters. The ML approach has two components: an encoder that builds a compressed representation of each cluster and a flexible CNN to estimate the cosmological model. From cluster catalogs, the ML method estimates the amplitude of matter fluctuations. Our interpretation schemes led us to find an unknown self-calibration mode for flux- and volume-limited cluster surveys. (Abstract sample)

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge

Harrison, Fiona and Robert Kennicutt, Editorial Chairs. Pathways to Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 2020s. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 2021. We cite this major NAS report and active project as a example of a whole scale, collaborative EarthWise, and EcosmoWise mission to commence a vast celestial survey with a main aim to seek out viable neighbor exoworlds with a degree of resident evolutionary life. The large document is available in stages on its title website.

Ecosmos: A Procreative Organic Habitable UniVerse

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Clarke, J. R., et al. COSMOS 2020: A Panchromatic View of the Universe. arXiv:2110.13923. Some 50 astrophysicists with European, USA and international postings present the latest Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) which has become a leading reference for extragalactic astronomy. Since its 2015 catalog edition, a wealth of new imaging and spectroscopic data has been drawn and collected by way rapidly advancing instrumentation and computational analysis.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Harrison, Harrison, Fiona and Robert Kennicutt, Editorial Chairs. Pathways to Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 2020s. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 2021. This is a 615 page encyclopedic document with hundreds of contributors is broadly from the NAS, and involves two new giant telescopes. Online in November 2021, and is available is several formats from its website. The project and volume could well exemplify a scientific spiral to a dynamic worldwise collaborative endeavor. As the extended quotes cite, the subject field is no less than near and far planetary, stellar, galactic and cosmic reaches, with as especial search for Earth analogs. Over 800 White Paper proposals with thousands of authors were contributed to the project. See A New 10-Year Plan for the Cosmos by Dennis Overbye in the New York Times (Nov. 4, 2021) for a good review.

We live in a time of extraordinary discovery and progress in astronomy and astrophysics. The next decade will transform our understanding of the universe and humanity's place in it. Federal agencies that fund these broad fields request a survey to assess the Nation's efforts to advance our cosmic knowledge. This 2020s edition identifies the main science goals and an ambitious program of ground- and space- based activities for these ten years and beyond. A major incentive is to study extrasolar, especially Earth-like, planets, the most energetic processes in the universe, and the evolution of galaxies. (Overview)

We live in an extraordinary period of discovery in astronomy and astrophysics. Six Nobel Prizes have been awarded over the past decade alone for discoveries based on astronomical data (dark energy, gravitational waves, neutrino oscillations, the discovery of exoplanets, cosmology, supermassive black holes). Many of the ambitious scientific visions of the 2010 New Worlds New Horizons decadal survey are being fulfilled, but momentum has only grown. We stand on the threshold of new endeavors that will transform not only our understanding of the universe and the processes and physical paradigms that govern it, but also humanity’s place in it. (Main Summary, S-1)

The survey’s scientific vision is framed around three broad themes by which to carry forth astronomic discoveries and progress so far in the 21st century. The first, Worlds and Suns in Context builds on advances in observations and analyses of exoplanets and exostars. The next segment aims to understand their formation, evolution, and interconnected nature. New Messengers and New Physics will study gravitational wave detection, conduct sky spectrum surveys from the ultraviolet and visible to microwave and address the nature of dark matter, dark energy, and cosmic inflation. The third theme, Cosmic Ecosystems (quote next) will link observations and models of the stars and galaxies, and the energetic processes that couple their formation, evolution, and destinies. (Scientific Opportunities, 1, 2)

Cosmic Ecosystems The physical universe is characterized by hierarchical scales from stars and planetary systems to galaxies and a cosmological web of complex filaments connecting them. A major advance has been the realization that the universe and all its constituent systems are part of an evolving ecosystem. The galaxies are ecosystems of their own, with a further condensation of matter to form stars and planets balanced by “feedback” from stellar winds, outflows, and supernovae that return mass and energy to the gaseous environment. The black holes that form within massive galaxies also play a key role in this feedback process. Unraveling the nature of this connection is one of the key science goals of the decade. (Part 1, Page 7 excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

NOVA Universe Revealed: Age of Stars. kpbs.org/news/2021/10/21/universe-revealed-on-nova-age-of-stars. A home website for this autumn 2021, four part Universe Revealed series. The other three were about the Milky Way, the Big Bang, and Black Holes. By way of authoritative speakers and graphic imagery, this lead program achieved a latest epochal vista. As not possible earlier, a grand scenario was traced from an original point some 13.8 billion years ago all the wild way to our planetary sapience. A philoSophia view can then wonder how fantastic it is that a habitable speciesphere can altogether look back reconstruct from whence they came. We note also for its outlines of a second singularity cited at the close of our 2022 Introduction. But as still set in the old scheme of no greater reality, especially no purpose for peoples who incredibly can achieve this, we remain mere spectators.

The sun is a constant presence in our lives and has been a lifegiving source of light, heat, and energy for 4.6 billion years. Yet we’ve only begun to learn about its past and its place among an even grander cycle of birth, death, and renewal that makes this the age of stars. Here we view a trail of evidence leads back to the first star nurseries, forging the elements that would make up planets and our own bodies. And for a final act, we glimpse billions of years into the future, when our sun and the age of stars will fade to darkness.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Martyn, John, et al. Grand Unification of Quantum Algorithms. PRX QUANTUM. 2/040203,, 2021. We cite this 40 page entry in a new Physical Review journal by four MIT physicists as an example of the extent that this deepest phenomenal domain has become as amenable to our Earthuman collaborations and cocreative take over, so it seems, as the long prior classical stage.

Quantum algorithms offer significant speed-ups over classical counterparts as evident by their advantage for quantum search, quantum phase estimation, and Hamiltonian simulation by way of composite algorithm subroutines. Here, we provide a tutorial through these developments, illustrating how quantum signal processing may be generalized to the Quantum Singular Value Transformation method. This overview illustrates how QSVT can operate as an overall framework so as to suggest a grand unification of quantum algorithms. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > physics

Green, Sara and Robert Batterman. Making Sense of Top-Down Causation: Universality and Functional Equivanence in Physics and Biology. Voosholz, J and M. Gabriel, eds.. Top_Down Causation and Emergence. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2021. In an 80th birthday Festschrift for George Ellis, University of Copenhagen and University of Pittsburgh philosophers make a latest strong case for this natural constructive method, (aka a universe which makes itself.) While doing so, they further affirm a persistent, analogic recurrence in kind across physical and biological phenomena.

Animate Cosmos > Organic > physics

Rodriguez, Quentin. Idealizations and Analogies. arXiv:2110.12712. A University of Clermont Auvergne physicist comments on a paper by Robert Batterman (Universality and RG Explanations in Perspectives in Science (27/1, 2019.) and others to explain and endorse nature’s tendency to seek and reside at a critically poised condition wherever possible. (Search Sara Green and RB 2021 for more.) Our take is to note that into late 2021, such perceptions of an infinite repetitive balance between more or less order or coherence is becoming well verified.

The "universality" of critical phenomena is much discussed in the philosophy of scientific philosophy of physics. Lange and Reutlinger recently opposed Batterman concerning the role of some deliberate distortions in unifying a large class of phenomena, regardless of microscopic constitution. In recent regard, an essential explanatory role for "commonalities" rather than that of idealizations has been proposed. Here we show that the differences between the universality of critical phenomena and two paradigmatic cases of a "commonality strategy" (ideal gas and harmonic oscillator) serve to clarify the issue. These benchmarks of critical phenomena reveals the importance of the various analogies which underlie their assumptions. (Abstract excerpt)

Critical phenomena and universality: In the last decades, CP in statistical and condensed matter physics have received much attention in the philosophy of scientific explanation and in the topic of emergence and reduction. This special type of phase transition, i.e., a sudden macroscopic reorganization of matter at thermodynamic equilibrium,1 has drawn physicists’ attention toward a specific feature they have named universality. Here, this term assumes a technical meaning: a property of a certain system is said to be universal if, in the vicinity of a phase transition, it behaves in the same way as other systems around their own phase transition, even if the microscopic constitution of these systems, the nature of their phase transition or the temperature of this phase transition are completely different. (2)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Universal

Mirkin, Nicolas and Diego Wisniacki. Many-Body Localization and the Emergence of Quantum Darwinism. Entropy. 23/11, 2021. A paper by University of Buenos Aires physicists for a Quantum Darwinism and Friends, edited by Sebastian Deffner, et al, for the 70th birthday of its theoretical founder, Wojciech Zurek (LANL) contributes a further explanatory credence.

Quantum Darwinism shows how the perception of objective classical reality arises via selective amplification and the spreading of information in our fundamentally quantum universe. Quantum Darwinism goes beyond decoherence, as it recognizes that the many copies of the system’s pointer states are imprinted on the environment: agents acquire data indirectly, by intercepting environment fragments (rather than directly measuring systems of interest). The data disseminated through the environment provide us with shared information about stable, effectively classical pointer states. Humans rely primarily on the photon environment, eavesdropping on “objects of interest” by intercepting tiny fractions of photons that contributed to decoherence. (Editors)

Animate Cosmos > Information

Mediano, Pedro, et al. Greater than the Parts: A Review of the Information Decomposition Approach to Causal Emergence. arXiv:2111.06518. Eight senior systems theorists from the UK, USA and Canada including Henrik Jensen, Anil Seth and Fernando Rosas expand and deepen our Earthuman frontiers of discovering, quantifying and articulating the presence of a universal, independent, manifestly exemplified generative domain at each and every ecosmic scale and instance. A latest finesse of integrated information theory provides a mathematical measure whence the same form and flow, pattern and process of common node/link, entity/group complements repeats in kind. Key cases are cellular automata, bird flocks, and cerebral cognition, which is then dubbed a “causal emergence.” Albeit a highly technical work, a similar reality with a likeness to genotype and phenotype gains vital credence. See also Beyond Integrated Information: A Taxonomy of Information Dynamics Phenomena by this collegial team at 1909.02297.

Emergence is a profound subject that straddles many scientific disciplines from galaxy formations all the way to how consciousness arises from the collective activity of neurons. Despite perceptions that some kind of intrinsic manifestation is underway, its scientific and conceptual study has suffered from a formalism basis that could guide collaborative discussions. Here we conduct a broad survey so to introduce a formal theory of causal emergence based on an information decomposition feature. As a result, information about a system's temporal evolution beyond its separate parts appears to reveal an ascendant path. This article provides a rigorous framework by which to assess the proposed approach in diverse scenarios. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Intelligence

Padilla, Nelly and Hugo Lagercrantz. Making of the Mind. Acta Paediatrica. 109/6, 2020. Karolinska Institute, Woman’s and Children’s Health, Stockholm pediatric scholars provide a succinct review of 21st century studies by Lagercrantz (search) and many colleagues all about the dawning occasion of fetal, infant and child sensory awareness. By so doing, a wider perception of a natural source which imbues and informs a deep evolutionary emergence can be appreciated. As a result, a deep parallel between each human individual and life’s phylogenetic course becomes evident. If we may then situate within this website expanse, a relative ecosmic embryogenesis might also be implied as life arises, develops, and quickens to visionary persons and planets. Thus we choose a quote from the Abstract as appropriate our home page. See also Infant Brain Development: Formation of the Mind and the Emergence of Consciousness. (Springer, 2016) by Lagercrantz.

The essence of the mind is consciousness. It emerged early during evolution and ontogeny appears to follow the same process as phylogeny. Consciousness comes from multiple sources, including visual, auditory, sensorimotor and proprioceptive senses. These gradually combine during development to build a unified consciousness, due to the constant interactions between the brain, body, and environment. In the human the emergence of consciousness depends on the activation of the cortex by thalamocortical connections around 24 weeks after conception. Then, the human foetus can react to touch, smell and sound but is mainly asleep. In contrast, the newborn infant can be aware of its own self and others, express emotions and share feelings. The development of consciousness is a progressive, stepwise, structural and functional evolution of multiple intricate components. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > exoearths

Madhusudan, Nikku, ed. ExoFrontiers: Big Questions in Exoplanetary Science. Online:IOP Science Books, 2022. A status wow collection as the profusion of global objects ever grows in amazing occurrence, diversity, fertility, surface and internal conditions, and many other aspects. Typical chapters are The Demographics of Exoplanets by Scott Gaudi, et al, Transit Spectroscopy by David Deming, et al, Orbital Dynamics and Architectures of Exoplanets by Daniel Fabrycky, and Exoplanetary Astrobiology by Victoria Meadows. But as this introduction alludes (e.g., Guadi) our home orderly orrery appears to be uniquely fortuitous for a sapient speciesphere to proceed with such spatial and temporal studies.

For example, the well-defined planetary mass/size categories of solar system planets may imply a certain quantization in size as a natural outcome of planetary formation. Similarly, their orbital locations may imply that giant planets should be preferentially formed at larger orbital separations, among other such trends. However, even in just the macroscopic parameters, the demographics of the thousands of exoplanets known indicate that the solar
system may arguably be the exception rather than the norm. (NM, 1-2)

Exoplanet surveys have revealed a wide diversity of orbital architectures, including information on orbital eccentricities, resonant period ratios, obliquities, and multi-planet systems. In parallel, theoretical studies have sought to link these discoveries to the formation and evolution of planetary systems. This chapter discusses the state of the art in our understanding of orbital dynamics and architectures of exoplanets, the important questions, opportunities and challenges. (Fabrycky)

Ecosmomics: A Survey of Genomic Complex Network System Sources

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > Rosetta Cosmos

Bucur, Doina. The Network Signature of Constellation Line Figures. arXiv:2110.12329. We cite this unique entry by a University of Twente, Netherlands, computer scientist to illustrate and record the phenomenal propensity of homo sapience to seek and discern natural, meaningful patterns across the night skies. This documentary continues the late project onto an Earthropic and Ecosmic scale.

In traditional astronomies across the world, groups of stars in the night sky were linked into constellations as symbolic representations on the celestial sphere with meaning and with practical roles. We define the visual signature as a multi-dimensional complex network, and then analyse 1591 line figures from 50 astronomical cultures spanning continents and historic ages from which to draw some conclusions. Constellations used for navigation, religious divination, and agrarian/hunter-gatherer time-keeping are similar, but those from Chinese and Mesopotamian ancestries have a distinct motif. We find clusters of cross-culture similarity and broad visualizations. (Abstract excerpt)

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > Rosetta Cosmos

Ravandi, Babak and Valentina Concu. The Hierarchical Organization of Syntax. arXiv:2112.05783. Northeastern University, Network Science Institute (Albert Barabasi) linguists contribute novel insights into how human language can be appreciated another, complex network adaptive systems as everywhere else. Once again, an independent universality is deeply implied, and our communicative mores, broadly conceived, seem to take on a similar guise to genomes, cerebral cognition and so forth.

Hierarchies are the backbones of complex systems and their analysis allows for a deeper understanding of their structure and how they evolve. We consider languages to be also complex adaptive systems. In one regard, we analyzed the scalar organization of historical syntactic networks from a corpus of German texts from the 11th to 17th centuries. We tracked the emergence of nested, hierarchical structures and mapped them to specific communicative needs. We then hypothesise that the communicative needs of speakers are the organizational force of syntax. We propose that these multiple communicative scales lead to syntax, and are a prerequisite to the Zipf's law. Thus we observe that the objective of language evolution is not only to more efficient information transfer but increases our capacity to communicate more sophisticated abstractions as we advance as a species. (Abstract excerpt)

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