(logo) Natural Genesis (logo text)
A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
Table of Contents
Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
Recent Additions

Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 143 found.

The Genesis Vision: A Creative Organic Universe

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Valtonen, Mauri, et al. The Three-Body Problem from Pythagoras to Hawking. Switzerland: Springer International, 2016. We note this volume by authors from Finland, Russia, USA, West Indies, and Japan as a capsule of humankind’s long historical endeavors to imagine, explore, test, quantify, describe, and record how local and cosmic nature is well composed. Surely there must be a grand reason that we Earthlings can do this.

This book reviews and explains the three-body problem in historical context reaching to latest developments in computational physics and gravitation theory. The long history of the problem from Pythagoras to Hawking parallels the evolution of ideas about our physical universe, with a particular emphasis on understanding gravity and how it operates between astronomical bodies. The oldest astronomical three-body problem is the question how and when the moon and the sun line up with the earth to produce eclipses. The introduction of computers in the last half-a-century has revolutionized the study. One of the most recent developments has been in the treatment of the problem in Einstein’s General Relativity, the new theory of gravitation which is an improvement on Newton’s theory.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Bainbridge, William and Mihail Roco, eds. Handbook of Science and Technology Convergence. Switzerland: Springer, 2016. The editors are Washington, DC based social futurists (search each). Amongst an eclectic chapters are Self-Organization and Emergence of Dynamic Systems, Biocognitive Evolution, Convergence of Curation, Citizen Science, Human Computation, Astrosociology, and Whole Earth Monitoring.

Scientists and engineers have long been aware of the tension between narrow specialization and multidisciplinary cooperation, but now a major transformation is in process that will require technical fields to combine far more effectively in the service of human benefit. Nature is a single coherent system and diverse methods of scientific and engineering investigations should reflect this interlinked and dynamic unity. Accordingly, general concepts and ideas should be developed systematically in interdependence, with cause-and-effect pathways. This handbook will represent the culmination of fifteen years of workshops, conferences and publications that initially explored the connections between nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and new technologies based on cognitive science.. (Publisher)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Beloussov, Lev. Morphomechanics of Development. Switzerland: Springer, 2016. The Moscow State University biologist has collaborated with the embryologists Richard and Natalie Gordon for many years, and concurrently with their opus (search) offers his own theoretical treatise. The Russian holistic penchant is evident in the lead chapter named From Strict Determinism to Self-Organization.

This book outlines a unified theory of embryonic development, assuming morphogenesis to be a multi-level process including self-organizing steps while also obeying general laws. It is shown how molecular mechanisms generate mechanical forces, which in the long run lead to morphological changes. Questions such as how stress-mediated feedback acts at the cellular and supra-cellular levels and how executive and regulatory mechanisms are mutually dependent are addressed, while aspects of collective cell behavior and the morphogenesis of plants are also discussed. The morphomechanical approach employed in the book is based on the general principles of self-organization theory. (Publisher)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Cockell, Charles. The Laws of Life. Physics Today. 70/3, 2017. From this late vantage, the University of Edinburgh astrobiologist avers that natural proclivities and constraints do indeed appear to exist on their independent own. These physical qualities are then seen to mediate and guide Darwinian mutations and selections along a preferred channel. An example is given of life’s chemisomotic processes of gaining energy. It is thus evident and proper to say there are prior “universal principles” which do entail living, evolving creatures, and our intelligent realization. As a comment, this is rightly a prime issue, long in abeyance and an impediment, that really ought to be resolved. On the authors web page can be found a unique Astrobiological Periodic Table whereupon the elements are highlighted for their relative biological benefit.

Notwithstanding the awe-inspiring diversity of living creatures, the forms and processes of life are limited by universal principles that act at large and small scales.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Gordon, Natalie and Richard. Embryogenesis Explained. Singapore: World Scientific, 2016. The University of Manitoba philosophical embryologists gift us with a 750 page tome of their lifetime studies and luminous findings. The illustrated volume offers a grand tour of cosmic, biological, genetic, and organismic developmental science. But as the quotes allude, the authors do not hold to the usual denials that the course of evolutionary life and we human beings are nothing but random happenstance. Along with their discovery of differentiation waves, the essential theme is to conceive an “embryo physics” so as to designate and affirm life’s oviparous or viviparous gestation in a conducive cosmos. Richard Gordon has often collaborated with the Moscow State University biologist Lev Beloussov, see herein his companion 2016 work Morphomechanics of Development.

The problem of embryogenesis is literally that of “which came first, the chicken or the egg?” All life on Earth seems to trace back to a common origin, in an ultimate sense. We therefore make the assumption that the explanation for the origin of life lies in pre-life physics, and furthermore that we may speak of an embryo physics that somehow creates each organism and will check if our present understanding of physics is up to the task. Some of us will always prefer the finger of God stirring a primordial pool no matter what physics tells us. For those who prefer explanations without God, we will offer suggestions on how physics might adapt and grow to embrace the whole organism. (xii)

One of the outstanding recent scandals of biology has been the notion that evolution is not progressive, a concept that flaunts the evidence of our eyes. Any reading of the fossil record shows simpler starts followed by increasing sophistication, along many lines. (671) As we noted in the title of this chapter (Wholeness and the Implicate Embryo: Embryogenesis as Self-Construction of the Observer), embryogenesis is the self-construction of the observer. A further feature of quantum mechanists is that are obsessed with the role of ‘the observer,’ generally conscious, during measurement of physical phenomena. However, they never discuss how this observer comes to be. If the observer is required for quantum mechanics, then embryogenesis must also be part of the package. It is the means by which the universe acquires observers. (722-723)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Grosz, Elizabeth. The Incorporeal: Ontology, Ethics, and the Limits of Materialism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017. The Duke University professor of gender, sexuality, feminist, and literature studies is a leading remediative scholar for these vital fields and beyond if we might peaceably survive and abide. Although often aligned with postmodernism, this latest volume over 25 years joins several themes and voices to foster an immaterial essence of life, love and individuation. In regard, she cites guidance from the French philosophers Luce Irigaray (1930- ) for an advocacy of real gender differences, and Gillis Deleuze (1925-1995) for a metaphysical, vitalizing immanence. As a result, the text alludes to a deeply meaningful milieu, if we could just allow, distill, and appreciate.

The book chapters cover precursors from the Stoics, Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677), and Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) to Deleuze, Gilbert Simondon (1924-1989) and Raymond Ruyer (1902-1987), as they each sense an ineffable movement. For Simondon it is the “preindividual,” while Ruyer views an “embryogenesis of the world.” Henri Bergson (1859-1941) would have been included, she notes, whom informed these French scholars, but earlier writings (2011) presented his vision of an elan vital, fertile matter and life’s becomings. While a natural materialism is held to, Grosz makes a distinction and synthesis that it is actually graced by a creative idealist source. To wit, in a February online interview by Kathryn Yusoff in Theory, Culture & Society she offered her lifetime project as a “feminist vision of cosmological proportions.”

I propose here neither a new form of dualism nor a new reductive version of monism in advocating for a materialism that understands its reliance on ideality or an idealism that is committed to the material organization and conditions for ideality. I do not want to privilege ideality over materiality, but to think them together, as fundamentally connected and incapable of each being what it is without the other to direct and support it. Ideality frames, directs, and makes meaning from materiality; materiality carries ideality and is never free of the incorporeal forms that constitute and orient it as material. (12)

With ideality comes the possibility of collective social life, a kind of magical or religious thinking that seeks the orders of connection that regulate the universe itself and the elaboration of increasingly more complex prostheses or technologies that extend and transform materiality exponentially. Without ideality, a plan, a map, a model, an ideal, a direction, or a theme, materiality could not materialize itself. (12)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Ji, Sungchul. Waves as the Symmetry Principle Underlying Cosmic, Cell, and Human Languages. Information. Online February, 2017. The Rutgers University professor (search) of pharmacological chemistry advances his considerations of a vital cosmos with its own intrinsic, recurrent lawful phenomena. A universal complementarity sourced in Niels Bohr’s particle/wave form in evinced by citing many more manifestations. As the abstract notes, a natural narrative can be phrased in its relative linguistic modes from universe to us. And isn’t this is our great project to realize and decipher a genesis creation we are meant to discover, and continue.

In 1997, the author concluded that living cells use a molecular language (cellese) that is isomorphic with the human language (humanese) based on his finding that the former shared 10 out of the 13 design features of the latter. In 2012, the author postulated that cellese and humanese derived from a third language called the cosmic language (or cosmese) and that what was common among these three kinds of languages was waves—i.e., sound waves for humanese, concentration waves for cellese, and quantum waves for cosmese. These waves were suggested to be the symmetry principle underlying cosmese, cellese, and humanese. We can recognize at least five varieties of waves—(i) electromagnetic; (ii) mechanical; (iii) chemical concentration; (iv) gravitational; and (v) probability waves, the last being non-material, in contrast to the first four, which are all material. (Abstract)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Noble, Denis. Dance to the Tune of Life: Biological Relativity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2017. The author, now in his 80th year, is an eminent British life scientist, systems biology pioneer, in search of a revised evolutionary synthesis to include holistic living entities and systems in their conducive environs. He was once Chair of Cardiovascular Physiology at Oxford University, see his Wikipedia bio for many credits, along with 50 references. Dr. Noble is also editor of Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology, often a forum for this witness. His mission is to counter a vested view that has turned Darwin’s vision into a modern synthesis of random mutation, gene determination, and post selection only. The innovative essay opens by rooting life in quantum and relativity physics as an affine source for whole emergent organisms. It goes on to commend biological networks, multi-scales, nucleotide and cellular activities, and more, as a relativistic theory of evolution across many levels and phases rather than one bottom base. In 2014 James Shapiro and Noble founded The Third Way of Evolution website (Google, search) as a resource space for a growing number of leading theorists with a similar inclination.

In this thought-provoking book, Denis Noble formulates the theory of biological relativity, emphasising that living organisms operate at multiple levels of complexity and must therefore be analysed from a multi-scale, relativistic perspective. Noble explains that all biological processes operate by means of molecular, cellular and organismal networks. The interactive nature of these fundamental processes is at the core of biological relativity and, as such, challenges simplified molecular reductionism. Noble shows that such an integrative view emerges as the necessary consequence of the rigorous application of mathematics to biology. Drawing on his pioneering work in the mathematical physics of biology, he shows that what emerges is a deeply humane picture of the role of the organism in constraining its chemistry, including its genes, to serve the organism as a whole, especially in the interaction with its social environment. This humanistic, holistic approach challenges the common gene-centred view held by many in modern biology and culture.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Walker, Sara Imari, et al, eds. From Matter to Life: Information and Causality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. With Paul Davies and George Ellis as coeditors, this significant collection gathers current notice across many areas of an innately fertile cosmos from which arise sapient organisms. The project began as a 2014 Information, Causality and the Origin of Life workshop at Arizona State University and has now grown to this volume. Its significant theme is an addition of an informational quality and vector, aka J. A. Wheeler’s “It from Bit,” as a novel explanatory source and agency. Wide-ranging considerations are engaged in chapters such as Constructor Theory of Information and Life by Chiara Marletto, Digital and Analogue Information in Organisms by Denis Noble, Causality, Information, and Biological Computation by Hector Zenil, et al, Life’s Informational Hierarchy by Jessica Flack, Major Transitions in Political Order by Simon Dedeo, and especially (How) Did Information Emerge? by Anne-Marie Grisogono. These and more are a stellar array of “methinks” views, but one wonders if an actual “cosmic elephant,” a phenomenal presence on its own, can be imagined and allowed, as some contributors have denied elsewhere. A common translation from many technical abstractions would help, and as this site attempts, a witness of this generative source as a natural, uniVerse to human genetic code.

Recent advances suggest that the concept of information might hold the key to unravelling the mystery of life's nature and origin. Fresh insights from a broad and authoritative range of articulate and respected experts focus on the transition from matter to life, and hence reconcile the deep conceptual schism between the way we describe physical and biological systems. A unique cross-disciplinary perspective, drawing on expertise from philosophy, biology, chemistry, physics, and cognitive and social sciences, provides a new way to look at the deepest questions of our existence. This book addresses the role of information in life, and how it can make a difference to what we know about the world.

A Learning Planet: An Integral Knowledge by Humankind

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Kartsaklis, Dimitrios, et al. Linguistic Matrix Theory. arXiv:1703.10252. A Queen Mary University of London, a Greek postdoctoral physicist, Sanjaye Ramgoolam, an Indian string theorist, and Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh, an Iranian lady computer scientist, contribute to descriptions of a natural correspondence between geometric mathematics and language structures. As the quotes cite, the project involves and infers a cross-fertilization between these disparate fields. Along with other versions (Krioukov, Barabasi), by this witness the extant cosmos becomes (once again) a vital narrative, while our human literature gains a correlative rooting within physical reality.

Recent research in computational linguistics has developed algorithms which associate matrices with adjectives and verbs, based on the distribution of words in a corpus of text. These matrices are linear operators on a vector space of context words. They are used to construct the meaning of composite expressions from that of the elementary constituents, forming part of a compositional distributional approach to semantics. We propose a Matrix Theory approach to this data, based on permutation symmetry along with Gaussian weights and their perturbations. We characterize the cubic and quartic departures from the model, which we propose, alongside the Gaussian parameters, as signatures for comparison of linguistic corpora. We propose that perturbed Gaussian models with permutation symmetry provide a promising framework for characterizing the nature of universality in the statistical properties of word matrices. The matrix theory framework perceives language as a physical system realizing a universality class of matrix statistics characterized by permutation symmetry. (Abstract excerpts)

As a last note, we would like to emphasize that while this paper draws insights from physics for analysing natural language, this analogy can also work the other way around. Matrix models are dimensional reductions of higher dimensional quantum field theories, describing elementary particle physics, which contain matrix quantum fields. An active area of research in theoretical physics seeks to explore the information theoretic content of quantum field theories. It is reasonable to expect that the application of the common mathematical framework of matrix theories to language and particle physics will suggest many interesting analogies, for example, potentially leading to new ways to explore complexity in QFTs by developing analogs of linguistic complexity. (22)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Mozilla Science Lab. https://science.mozilla.org. A fledgling site by the Mozilla group to help facilitate researcher, developer, and librarian collaborations to Maximize access to papers, data, code and materials so anyone can read and contribute. Its emphasis is on worldwide openness and inclusion. Anyone can become a Fellow (I would add a Mellow), participate in an event such as Global Sprint 2017 in June, either online or in person, or join a Study/Learning Group. Three women, Stephanie Wright, Zannah Marsh, and Aurelian Moser, with luminous creative credits guide the effort.

Transforming Science: Mozilla Science Lab is a community of researchers, developers, and librarians making research open and accessible. We’re empowering open science leaders through fellowships, mentorship, and project-based learning.

Mozilla: is a free-software community created in 1998 by members of Netscape. The Mozilla community uses, develops, spreads and supports Mozilla products, thereby promoting exclusively free software and open standards.

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Carleo, Giuseppe and Mathias Troyer. Solving the Quantum Many-Body Problem with Artificial Neural Networks. Science. 355/602, 2017. As the Abstracts notes, ETH Zurich physicists find this generic iterative approach, as it gains utility in many areas, to be an apt method for dealing with and solving such seemingly intractable phenomena. The work merited a report in the same issue as Machine Learning for Quantum Physics (355/580).

The challenge posed by the many-body problem in quantum physics originates from the difficulty of describing the nontrivial correlations encoded in the exponential complexity of the many-body wave function. Here we demonstrate that systematic machine learning of the wave function can reduce this complexity to a tractable computational form for some notable cases of physical interest. We introduce a variational representation of quantum states based on artificial neural networks with a variable number of hidden neurons. A reinforcement-learning scheme we demonstrate is capable of both finding the ground state and describing the unitary time evolution of complex interacting quantum systems. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Carroll, Joseph, et al, eds. Darwin’s Bridge: Uniting the Humanities and Sciences. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. The chapters of this unique collection began as a 2012 conference Consilience: Evolution in Biology, the Human Sciences, and the Humanities at the University of Missouri. It drew from Edward O. Wilson’s 1998 work Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge both for its utility into the 21st century, and how such a synthesis might help join these two cultural domains. An authoritative array spoke from their expertise on primate, hominid, psychological, and social aspects. An especial theme was how evolutionary influences might show up in literary works. Christopher Boehm, Herbert Gintis, Ellen Dissanyake, Dan McAdams, Catherine Salmon, and Jonathan Gottschal, are among the contributors.

A final chapter by Massimo Pigliucci, however, found Wilson’s method of reduction to chemistry and physics inadequate and inappropriate. He went on to note that current denunciations of philosophy by Steven Weinberg, Stephen Hawking, and others are a further impediment to any valid natural unification, as obviously must be there. A Foreword by the medical historian, social activist and author Alice Dreger offers a similar qualm that science seems concerned only with what exists or happened, while questions about why they are so remain unanswered.

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

De Arruda, Henrique, et al. Knowledge Acquisition: A Complex Networks Approach. arXiv:1703.00366. University of Sao Paulo computational physicists Henrique, Filipi Silva, Luciano Costa and Diego Amancio show how the scientific process itself which discovers these dynamic natural topologies can be quantified as an iconic exemplar.

Complex networks have been found to provide a good representation of the structure of knowledge, as understood in terms of discoverable concepts and their relationships. In this context, the discovery process can be modeled as agents walking in a knowledge space. Recent studies proposed more realistic dynamics, including the possibility of agents being influenced by others with higher visibility or by their own memory. However, rather than dealing with these two concepts separately, as previously approached, in this study we propose a multi-agent random walk model for knowledge acquisition that incorporates both concepts. In order to evaluate our approach, we use a set of network models and two real networks, one generated from Wikipedia and another from the Web of Science. (Abstract excerpt)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Dong, Yuxiao, et al. A Century of Science: Globalization of Scientific Collaborations, Citations, and Innovations. arXiv:1704.05150. From our late vantage Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA scholars survey the past 115 years of scientific activities and findings. A progression then becomes evident from an early incipient, individual stage, mainly in the US, UK, and Germany, to expansions after WWII to Japan, Israel, onto China, India, Australia, and lately over oceans and continents. But as the Abstract cites, and our website avers, into the 21st century an historic change has occurred from loners and small groups to large international teams fostered by the vast Internet. But we add it has not yet dawned, here or anywhere, that this transition to a worldwide sapiensphere could actually be learning and discovering on her/his own.

Progress in science has advanced the development of human society across history, with dramatic revolutions shaped by information theory, genetic cloning, and artificial intelligence, among the many scientific achievements produced in the 20th century. In this work, we study the evolution of scientific development over the past century by presenting an anatomy of 89 million digitalized papers published between 1900 and 2015. We find that science has benefited from the shift from individual work to collaborative effort, with over 90\% of the world-leading innovations generated by collaborations in this century, nearly four times higher than they were in the 1900s. We discover that rather than the frequent myopic- and self-referencing that was common in the early 20th century, modern scientists instead tend to look for literature further back and farther around. Finally, we also observe the globalization of scientific development from 1900 to 2015, including 25-fold and 7-fold increases in international collaborations and citations, respectively. (Abstract)

In this work, we study the evolution of science over the past century according to three dimensions. First, we examine the evolving process of collaborations between scientists of different career-ages, institutions, and countries. Second, we characterize referencing behavior over time, with an emphasis on both its individual and collective dynamics. Finally, we investigate the rise and fall of scientific impact across the planet since 1900. Our study is performed on a large-scale scholarly dataset comprised of more than 89 million publications, 795 million citations, and 1.23 billion collaboration relationships spanning from 1900 to 2015, making this the largest-scale and longest-spanning analysis yet performed on academic data. (1)

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10  Next