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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 66 found.


Family Ecosmos: A MultiUniVerse to HumanVerse Procreative Spacescape

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Enz, Charles and Karl von Meyenn, eds. Wolfgang Pauli Writings on Physics and Philosophy. Berlin: Springer, 1994. We note for Pauli’s 1950 paper The Philosophical Significance of the Idea of Complementarity continues Niels Bohr’s interest in a wider, common notice of reciprocal particle and wave phases. Bohr’s own Danish coat of arms was famously graced by the Yin/Yang symbol. In the ninety years since its 1927 inception, the perennial concept of natural archetypes as infinitely recurrent in kind has grown to our current edge of discovery, see for example M. Gazzaniga’s 2018 The Consciousness Instinct.

It is just this circumstance that may contain in itself, as a corrective to the earlier one-sided view, the germ of progress towards a unified total world-picture, of which the exact sciences are only a part. In this I would like to see the more general significance of the idea of complementarity, an idea that has grown of the soil of physics, as a result of the work of the Danish physicist Niels Bohr. In what follows, I wish to explain by simple examples how the idea of complementarity has made possible, within the field of physics, a synthesis of contrasted and at first sight mutually contradictory hypotheses. To achieve this aim, far-reaching generalizations of the old ideal of causality, and even of the idea of physical reality, were of course necessary. The example of two mutually contradictory ideas that has become celebrated in physics is that of the “particle picture” and the “wave picture.” (36)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Auerswald, Philip. The Code Economy. A Forty-Thousand Year History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. Quite more than another business book, the George Mason University professor of public policy makes strong case for the actual doubleness of our human cultural, commercial, and evolutionary existence. By this view, the overt what-happenstance of the daily world can be attributed to some manner of a prescriptive source – blueprint, project plans, algorithm(s), and so on. While this soft/hardware, aka geno/phenotype, Leibniz’s universal alphabet, script/score duality is known, Auerswald adds a new cogent emphasis to the importance and implementation.

What is "code"? Code is the DNA of human civilization as it has evolved from Neolithic simplicity to modern complexity. In a sweeping narrative that takes readers from the invention of the alphabet to the advent of the Blockchain, Philip Auerswald argues that the advance of code is the key driver of human history. Over the span of centuries, each major stage in the advance of code has brought a shift in the structure of society that has challenged human beings to reinvent not only how we work but who we are. The Code Economy explains how the advance of code is once again fundamentally altering the nature of work and the human experience. (Publisher)

The microeconomics you learned in college was generally limited to the “what” of production: what goes in and what comes out. This book is about the “how:” how inputs are combined to yield outputs. The “how” goes by many names: recipes, processes, routines, algorithms, and programs, among others. While I will employ each of these names at different points in the book, I use the word “code” throughout to refer to the how of production. The essential idea is that the “what” of output cannot exist without the “how” by which it is produced. (2) As you read this book, you will see that code as I intend it incorporates elements of computer code genetic code, cryptologic code, and other forms as well. But you will also see that it stands alone as its own concept – the instructions and algorithms that guide production in the economy – for which no adequate word yet exists. (3)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Curry, Michael. Royal Wedding Sermon. Google keywords. We quote these excerpts by the US Episcopal Bishop from the May 19, 2018 marriage of Meghan and Harry for its closing reference to Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955). With colleagues such as Thomas Berry, Ewert Cousins, Thomas King SJ, Mary Evelyn Tucker, John Grim, Kathleen Duffy SSJ, and Donald Gray, I was a facilitator of the American Teilhard Association since the early 1980s - editing its Newsletter and Studies series, running a lecture series, and more. With Donald St. John, I was coeditor of Teilhard in the 21st Century: The Emerging Spirit of Earth, which was the 2004 Catholic spirituality book of the year. We also note Rediscovering Teilhard’s Fire (2010) by Prof. Dr. Duffy on this luminous theme in his writings. It was grandly rewarding to hear this turn to Teilhard with an avowal of Love energy that we now so need to heal and bring us together. One might add that the dual phases or modes of fire and love appear much as masculine and feminine archetypes, which need be brought into palliative complementary balance and accord.

French Jesuit Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was arguably one of the great minds, great spirits of the 20th century. Jesuit, Roman Catholic priest, scientist, a scholar, a mystic. In some of his writings, he said, from his scientific background as well as his theological one, in some of his writings he said - as others have - that the discovery, or invention, or harnessing of fire was one of the great scientific and technological discoveries in all of human history.

Fire to a great extent made human civilization possible. Fire made it possible to heat warm environments and thereby made human migration around the world a possibility, even into colder climates. Controlled fire in that plane got me here. Fire makes it possible for us to text and tweet and email and Instagram and Facebook and socially be dysfunctional with each other.

Fire made all of that possible, and de Chardin said fire was one of the greatest discoveries in all of human history. And he then went on to say that if humanity ever harnesses the energy of fire again, if humanity ever captures the energy of love - it will be the second time in the history of the world that we have discovered fire. (MC excerpts)

A Planetary Prodigy: HumanKinder's Geonome Knowledge

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > World Philosophy

Braidotti, Rosi. A Theoretical Framework for the Critical Posthumanities. Theory, Culture, & Society. Online May, 2018. The Utrecht University philosopher and feminist theoretician (Wikipedia) posts her latest woman’s wisdom to guide this academic pursuit within its broadly conceived postmodern mindset. In regard, the paper tacitly reflects conceptual quandaries that current academic cultures are burdened with and compromised by. The quotes allude to a 21st century endeavor to disavow mechanical materialism for a natural animism via self-organizing energies which foster free persons in community. But these worthy efforts do not consider or address whether a creative (genesis) reality exists on its independent own, from which one and all can be appreciated as an exemplary phenomenon and participant.

What are the parameters that define a posthuman knowing subject, her scientific credibility and ethical accountability? Taking the posthumanities as an emergent field of enquiry based on the convergence of posthumanism and post-anthropocentrism, I argue that posthuman knowledge claims go beyond the critiques of the universalist image of ‘Man’ and of human exceptionalism. The conceptual foundation I envisage for the critical posthumanities is a neo-Spinozist monistic ontology that assumes radical immanence, i.e. the primacy of intelligent and self-organizing matter. This implies that the posthuman knowing subject has to be understood as a relational embodied and embedded, affective and accountable entity and not only as a transcendental consciousness. (Abstract)

Another crucial element of my cartographic approach is the feminist politics of locations, also known as situated knowledges, which I take as the original manifestation of embodied and embedded carnal empiricism. This method accounts for one’s locations in terms both of space and time, thereby grounding political subjectivity. The emphasis on immanence marks the rejection of transcendental universalism and mind-body dualism. All matter or substance being one and immanent to itself, it is intelligent and self-organizing in both human and non-human organisms. Vital matter is driven by the ontological desire for the expression of its innermost freedom (conatus). This understanding of matter animates the composition of posthuman subjects of knowledge – embedded, embodied and yet flowing in a web of relations with human and non-human others. Vital neo-materialism will also provide the ontological grounding for the critical posthumanities as a transversal field of knowledge. (3-4)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Can We Build a Brain?. www.pbs.org/video/nova-wonders-can-we-build-a-brain-j53aqg. This April 2018 NOVA Wonders program provides a brilliant introductory survey of these active frontiers of Artificial Intelligence and Deep Neural Network Learning. An extraordinary array of contributors such as Fei Fei Li, Christoph Koch, Rodney Brooks, DeepMind experts, to cite a few, and especially Rana El Kaliouby, reveal a grand project with immense promise for peoples and planet if it can be respectfully guided and carried forth.

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Gillet, Nicolas, et al. Deep Learning from 21cm Images of the Cosmic Dawn. arXiv:1805.02699. We cite as an example of how astrophysicists from Italy, Australia, the USA, and Canada are making use of brain-like neural networks to analyze patterns across the celestial reaches and depth of temporal origins.

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Schuman, Catherine, et al. A Survey of Neuromorphic Computing and Neural Networks in Hardware. arXiv:1705.06963. Oak Ridge Laboratory and University of Tennessee researchers provide a copious review of progress from years of machine computation to this novel advance to artificially avail the way our own iterative brains so adeptly recognize shapes and patterns. The moniker Neuromorphic means how fast we can say cat or car.

Neuromorphic computing has come to refer to a variety of brain-inspired computers, devices, and models that contrast the pervasive von Neumann computer architecture. This biologically inspired approach has created highly connected synthetic neurons and synapses that can be used to model neuroscience theories as well as solve challenging machine learning problems. The promise of the technology is to create a brain-like ability to learn and adapt, but the technical challenges are significant, starting with an accurate neuroscience model of how the brain works, to finding materials and engineering breakthroughs to build devices to support these models, to creating a programming framework so the systems can learn, to creating applications with brain-like capabilities. In this work, we provide a comprehensive survey of the research and motivations for neuromorphic computing over its history.

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge

Noriega-Campero, Alejandro, et al. The Wisdom of the Network: How Adaptive Networks Promote Collective Intelligence. arXiv:1805.04766. As many fields are presently involved in, a six person team from MIT and MPI Human Development including Alex Pentland make a case that an active network interconnectivity need be seen in equal effect along with and amongst group members. This heretofore unnoticed relational dynamic serves to achieve cognitive capacities beyond each individual, however smart. In regard, better group acumen and results can then be enhanced by an awareness and facility of this good vibes quality.

It is widely noted that our social embedding exerts strong influence on what information we receive, and how we form beliefs and make decisions. However, most studies overlook the dynamic nature of social networks, and its role in fostering adaptive collective intelligence. It remains unknown (1) how network structures adapt to the performances of individuals, and (2) whether this adaptation promotes the accuracy of individual and collective decisions. Here, we answer these questions through a series of behavioral experiments and simulations. Our results reveal that groups of people embedded in dynamic social networks can adapt to biased and non-stationary information environments. As a result, individual and collective accuracy is substantially improved over static networks and unconnected groups. Moreover, we show that groups in dynamic networks far outperform their best-performing member. Thereby, our findings substantiate the role of dynamic social networks as adaptive mechanisms for refining individual and collective judgments. (Abstract)

An Organic, Genomic, Conducive UniVerse

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology

Atmanspacher, Harald and Hans Primas, eds. Recasting Reality: Wolfgang Pauli’s Philosophical Ideas and Contemporary Science. Berlin: Springer, 2009. This collection is a new survey of the sage physicist’s thought as it ranges from Nobel Prize quantum phenomena to psychology with Carl Jung. Of especial notice may be the chapters Extending the Philosophical Significance of Complementarity, and Complementarity of Mind and Matter.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology

Berlinski, Vladimir and Marc Henneaux. The Cosmological Singularity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Senior International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics Network, Italy and Free University of Brussels theorists retrospectively describe in fine mathematical facets of this phenomenal point of universal origin. See also Berlinski’s papers on the arXiv eprint site such as On the Cosmological Singularity (1404.3864).

Senior International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics Network, Italy and Free University of Brussels theorists retrospectively describe in fine mathematical facets of this phenomenal point of universal origin. See also Berlinski’s papers on the arXiv eprint site such as On the Cosmological Singularity (1404.3864).

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Heyl, Markus. Dynamical Quantum Phase Transitions. Reports on Progress in Physics. 81/5, 2018. We post this paper by a MPI Physics of Complex Systems theorist as an example, of not yet widely appreciated 21st century revisions amongst studies of this fundamental domain. While it retains an older strangeness, this deepest strata has become treatable as dynamic, nonlinear phenomena similar to everywhere else in macro-classical realms. All of which augurs for an imminent, seamless synthesis, for example see Probing Quantum Features of Photosynthetic Organisms at arXiv:1711.06485 (Krisnanda).

Quantum theory provides an extensive framework for the description of the equilibrium properties of quantum matter. Yet experiments in quantum simulators have now opened up a route towards the generation of quantum states beyond this equilibrium paradigm. While these states promise to show properties not constrained by equilibrium principles, such as the equal a priori probability of the microcanonical ensemble, identifying the general properties of nonequilibrium quantum dynamics remains a major challenge, especially in view of the lack of conventional concepts such as free energies. The theory of dynamical quantum phase transitions attempts to identify such general principles by lifting the concept of phase transitions to coherent quantum real-time evolution. This review provides a pedagogical introduction to this field. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Eckel, Stephen, et al. A Rapidly Expanding Bose-Einstein Condensate: An Expanding Universe in the Lab. Physical Review X. 8/021021, 2018. We enter because NIST Joint Quantum Institute and University of Maryland physicists allude that via the latest theories, it is may be possible in some way to experimentally study the inflationary aspects of cosmic origins. To so reflect, such an auspicious ability begs a view of we people altogether as a participatory phenomenon within a maybe self-realizing and co-creating (genesis) universe. See also Simulating the Universe by Tom Giblin, et al in Physics World for May 2017.

We study the dynamics of a supersonically expanding ring-shaped Bose-Einstein condensate both experimentally and theoretically. The expansion redshifts long-wavelength excitations, as in an expanding universe. After expansion, energy in the radial mode leads to the production of bulk topological excitations -- solitons and vortices -- driving the production of a large number of azimuthal phonons and, at late times, causing stochastic persistent currents. These complex nonlinear dynamics, fueled by the energy stored coherently in one mode, are reminiscent of a type of "preheating" that may have taken place at the end of inflation. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Organic

Bains, William and Dirk Schulze-Makuch. The Cosmic Zoo: The (Near) Inevitability of the Evolution of Complex, Macroscopic Life. Life. 6/3, 2016. The astrochemist authors have postings at MIT Atmospheric and Planetary Science and the Technical University of Berlin. Akin to Lingam & Loeb 2018, they avail a transitional sequence of “key innovations” that appear to distinguish life’s Earthly course from protocells, oxygenesis, multicularity, land animals, intelligence and human culture, along with possible substages. This evident progression, while tinkered and circuitous, does seem oriented toward a generic homo observant sapience. Three working options are cited: Critical Path, Random Walk, and Many Paths. While seen as “highly anthropocentric,” it is concluded that evolutionary developments on stable exo-biospheres will likely follow this axial pathway to complex, cognitive creatures.

Life on Earth provides a unique biological record from single-cell microbes to technologically intelligent life forms. Our evolution is marked by several major steps or innovations along a path of increasing complexity from microbes to space-faring humans. Here we identify various major key innovations, and use an analytical toolset consisting of a set of models to analyse how likely each key innovation is to occur. Our conclusion is that once the origin of life is accomplished, most of the key innovations can occur rather readily. The conclusion for other worlds is that if the origin of life can occur rather easily, we should live in a cosmic zoo, as the innovations necessary to lead to complex life will occur with high probability given sufficient time and habitat. On the other hand, if the origin of life is rare, then we might live in a rather empty universe. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Organic

Lingam, Manasvi and Abraham Loeb. Role of Stellar Physics in Regulating the Critical Steps for Life. arXiv:1804.02271. Harvard University, Institute for Theory and Computation (see below), astrophysicists (postdoc and director) enter a 34 page, 200 reference paper as much about how the major evolutionary transitions scale (see Szathmary, Section VI. H. 8) is a good guide to the active quest for exoplanetary life and mind. Here five main stages of Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, Plastids (organelles), Complex Multicellularity, and Human Persons (homo sapiens) are proposed, with Oxygenic photosynthesis, land invasion, and technological intelligence as subsets. By this view, an “extended habitability” zone is drawn for Earth of a prior 4.5 billion past years (Gyr), and 1-2 Gyr ahead.

With this sketch in place, the effects of solar type (our sun is a G yellow dwarf), variable radiative intensities, and other stellar aspects, are considered with regard to original, primitive biochemical, unicell phases and their evolution all the way to technical civilizations. It is then noted that while teleological progress is out of favor, this well researched, episodic course from primal microbes to literate peoples does trace an oriented ascent. And if to wonder about it all in 2018, a worldwide humankinder seems well on her/his way to an organic, procreative ecosmos, stochastic to be sure, which fills itself with potentially habitable bioworlds and embryogeneses toward salutary self-discovery.

We us the critical step model to study the major transitions in evolution on Earth. We find that a total of five steps represents the most plausible estimate, in agreement with previous studies, and use the fossil record to identify the potential candidates. We apply the model to Earth-analogs around stars of different masses by incorporating the constraints on habitability set by stellar physics including the habitable zone lifetime, availability of ultraviolet radiation for prebiotic chemistry, and atmospheric escape. The critical step model suggests that the habitability of Earth-analogs around M-dwarfs is significantly suppressed. The total number of stars with planets containing detectable biosignatures of microbial life is expected to be highest for K-dwarfs. In contrast, we find that the corresponding value for intelligent life (technosignatures) should be highest for solar-mass stars. Thus, our work may assist in the identification of suitable targets in the search for biosignatures and technosignatures. (Abstract)

Harvard University Institute for Theory and Computation The mission of the ITC is to advance our knowledge and understanding of the universe through computational and analytical means, to create a forum for exploration and discoveries in theoretical astrophysics, and to train the next generation of astrophysicists. ITC addresses a wide variety of problems such as simulations of galaxy formation in the Universe, large scale structure in the universe, accretion of gas onto black holes, the first stars & black holes and the search for life and planet formation.

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Biology Physics

Krisnanda, Tanjung, et al. Probing Quantum Features of Photosynthetic Organisms. arXiv:1711.06485. We cite this entry by theoretical physicists from Singapore and the UK including Chiara Marletto and Vlatko Vedral to emphasize a current cross-integration and fertilization of macro-classical and micro-quantum phases. Its opening sentence is There is no a priori limit on the complexity, size or mass of objects to which quantum theory is applicable. If to observe, a worldwise sapiensphere is well on her/his way to finally, actually expressing a unified, animate, genesis universe.

Recent experiments have demonstrated strong coupling between living bacteria and light. Here we propose a scheme to infer quantumness of the light-bacteria correlations, as characterised by the presence of quantum discord, without requiring any knowledge of their mutual interactions, and by measuring only the light's degrees of freedom. This is achieved by monitoring the dynamics of the entanglement between few optical modes (probes) that interact independently with the bacteria. When the (light-sensitive part of) bacterium is modelled as a collection of two-level atoms we find that the steady state entanglement between the probes is independent of the initial conditions, is accompanied by entanglement between probes and bacteria, and provides independent evidence of the strong coupling between them. (Abstract)

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