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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 98 found.


The Natural Genesis Vision

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Popov, Igor. Orthogenesis versus Darwinism. International: Springer, 2018. A Russian zoologist at the Konrad Lorenz Institute in Vienna achieves a comprehensive study of evolutionary views from the mid 19th century through the twentieth to the present time. Orthogenesis is a broad term for a “directed evolution” along a preordained path, rather than by aimless, random selection alone. The chapters run from an earlier, popular conception in Darwin’s day, on to its rejection and replacement by the modern 1950s synthesis. The work goes on to an advocacy of orthogenesis by many Russian and later Japanese biologists, along with Pierre Teilhard and others. The idealist concept remains in a minority position because it conveys a progressive orientation which is actually there.

This book reviews the convoluted history of orthogenesis with an emphasis of non-English sources, untangles relationships between various concepts of directed evolution and argues whether orthogenesis has something to offer modern biology. Darwinism claims that evolution occurs by selection from an extensive random variability. An alternative viewpoint―that the material for variability is limited and organisms are predisposed to in certain directions―is the essence of evolutionary concepts that can be grouped under the name of orthogenesis. Dating back to Lamarck, orthogenesis has existed in many guises. Branded as mystical and discarded as unscientific, it keeps re-emerging in evolutionary discussions. (Summary)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Fingelkurts, Andrew, et al. Brain-Mind Operational Architectonics: At the Boundary between Quantum Physics and Eastern Metaphysics. Physics of Life Reviews. Online January, 2019. A latest entry by the Brain-Mind Technologies Research Centre (search name) and Society for Natural Philosophy, Finland neuroscholars is another late 2010s integration across these expanses. Indeed by way of a common complementarity, all these natural and cultural realms are now joining in mutual synthesis and enrichment. Albeit couched in abstract and personal views, once more bicameral hemispheres with archetypal particle/neuron, relational/holistic attributes become apparent. See also Aerts, Diederik, et al. Towards a Quantum World Wide Web by Diederik Aerts, et al (Theoretical Computer Science 752/116, 2018).

The Operational Architectonics (OA) of brain-mind functioning is a theory that unifies brain and mind through nested and dynamic hierarchy of electromagnetic brain fields. Recently, it has been enriched by concepts from physics like time, space, entropy, and self-organized criticality. This review paper advances OA theory further by delving into the foundations of quantum physics and Eastern metaphysics in relation to mind function. We aim to show that the brain-mind OA is the boundary between and integration point of quantum physics and Eastern metaphysics, and that it may inspire building a richer and more inclusive paradigm of the brain-mind relation, where quantum physics and Eastern metaphysics are inherently intertwined. (Abstract)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Ulanowicz, Robert. The Tripartite Nature of Causalities in Ecosystem Dynamics. Current Opinion in System Dynamics. 13/129, 2019. The University of Florida theoretical ecologist and philosopher (search) continues to incisively parse a third openly creative way forward between a dichotomy of lawful order and/or randomness. A central drive can then be seen at formative work via multiple autocatalytic agencies. In a 2018 issue (5/417) of the Oxford journal, National Science Review, is a collaboration of RU with Chinese theorists entitled The Common Developmental Road: Tensions between Centripetal and Centrifugal Dynamics. Ever again through the centuries, a natural verification of such a middle path to marry these archetypes roles achieves their resolve.

Recent opinions on ecosystem dynamics point away from the conventional notion that changes in ecosystems result only from the action of mechanisms interacting with blind chance. More recently, ecological outcomes have come to appear rather as the work of semiautonomous agencies that arise from extended mutualisms that build on themselves by endogenous selection from complex contingencies. Most contingencies, however, still serve in agonistic fashion to degrade system operation. This dualistic agonism between order-building agencies and entropic degradation unfortunately obscures the supporting but insufficient role of underlying universal physical laws. A new and more complete picture of causation in ecosystems appears to be tripartite, with physical constraints (laws) serving as constraining mediators between semiautonomous agencies and interfering contingencies. One is first inclined to represent the three–way relationship in linear fashion with agencies and entropy at the ends and lawful constraints in the middle. (Abstract)

Planetary Prodigy: An Emergent Sapiensphere Learns on Her/His Own

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Arias-Gonzalez, Ricardo. Writing, Proofreading and Editing in Information Theory. Entropy. 20/5, 2018. In a suitable paper for this Rosetta Cosmos section, an IMDEA Nanoscience Institute, Madrid researcher parses and draws out a literary analogy across a wide range of natural, organic, computational and genetic systems. See also by the author Information Management in DNA Replication Modeled by Directional Stochastic Chains (145/185103, 2016) and Thermodynamic Framework for Information in Nanoscale Systems (147/205101, 2017) in the Journal of Chemical Physics. In regard, we seem to be just realizing a natural uniVerse which is indeed textual in kind, written in a genetic scriptome which we cosmic curators are meant to read and intentionally continue forward.

Information is a physical entity amenable to be described by an abstract theory. The concepts associated with the creation and post-processing of the information have not, however, been mathematically established, despite being broadly used in many fields of knowledge. Here, inspired by how information is managed in biomolecular systems, we introduce writing, entailing any bit string generation, and revision, as comprising proofreading and editing, in information chains. Our formalism expands the thermodynamic analysis of stochastic chains made up of material subunits to abstract strings of symbols. We introduce a non-Markovian treatment of operational rules over the symbols of the chain that parallels the physical interactions responsible for memory effects in material chains. Our theory underlies any communication system, ranging from human languages and computer science to gene evolution. (Abstract)

This work represents a round trip: from information theory to stochastic thermodynamics, non-Markovian dynamics and molecular biophysics, and back. This trip affords for the first time the introduction of writing, proofreading and editing in information theory, with a sufficient degree of conceptualization to be used in social and natural sciences, including the physics of stochastic systems and nanoscale engineering. Our formalism enables semantic roots to bit sequences, which are important in gene evolution analysis and in context-sensitive error correction algorithms for computational linguistics, currently based on statistical occurrences. (9)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Dinesh, T. and S. Uskudarli. Renarration for All. arXiv:1810.12379. A Janastu social activist in Karnataka, India (second quote) and a Bogazici University, Istanbul computer scientist identify and scope out some ways that editorial functions for societal access and clarity ought to be built into the Internet for better communication and comprehension

The accessibility of content for all has been a key goal of the Web since its conception. However, true access to relevant content in the global context has been elusive for reasons beyond physical accessibility. Among them are the spoken languages, literacy levels, expertise, and culture. A renarration relates some Web content with an alternative version by means of transformations like simplification, elaboration, translation, or production of audio and video material. This work presents a model and a basic architecture for supporting renarrations along with various scenarios. (Abstract excerpt)

Janastu, a non-profit organization, has been providing Free Open source Software Solutions and support (FOSS) to small non-profits (NPOs/NGOs) since 2002. This includes one-on-one consulting regarding their information management needs, building their online and offline knowledge bases, providing support to their projects by designing web-sites, configuring news-filters, helping them migrate to open source solutions, help deal with localization and Indian language issues, geographic information collection and necessary R&D.

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Shah, Kushal. Open-Endedness in AI Systems, Cellular Evolution and Intellectual Discussions. arXiv:1812.10900. An Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal, computer scientist proposes that we ought to avail nature’s own acumen which brought about our human presence for guidance going forward into innovative, beneficial, intelligent facilities.

One of the biggest challenges that artificial intelligence (AI) research is facing in recent times is to develop algorithms and systems that are not only good at performing a specific intelligent task but also at learning diverse skills somewhat like humans do. In other words, the goal is to be able to mimic biological evolution which has produced all the living species and which seems to have no end to its creativity. The process of intellectual discussions is similar to biological evolution in this regard. In this paper, we present an information theoretic analogy between the process of discussions and the molecular dynamics within a cell, showing that there is a common process of information exchange in effect. We also discuss the role of consciousness in this process and present a framework for the development of open-ended AI systems. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Stanley, Kenneth, et al. Designing Neural Networks through Neuroevolution. Nature Machine Intelligence. January, 2019. Uber AI Labs, San Francisco researchers including Jeff Clune provide a tutorial to date for this active field to intentionally but respectfully facilitate external cognitive facilities. See also is this new journal and issue Evolving Embodies Intelligence from Materials to Machines by Davie Howard, et al.

Much of recent machine learning has focused on deep learning, in which neural network weights are trained through variants of stochastic gradient descent. An alternative approach comes from the field of neuroevolution, which harnesses evolutionary algorithms to optimize neural networks, inspired by the fact that natural brains themselves are the products of an evolutionary process. Neuroevolution enables important capabilities that are typically unavailable to gradient-based approaches, including learning neural network building blocks, hyperparameters, architectures and algorithms for learning itself. Neuroevolution differs deep reinforcement learning via a population of solutions during search, enabling exploration and parallelization. This Review looks at several key aspects of modern neuroevolution, including large-scale computing, the benefits of novelty and diversity, the power of indirect encoding, and the field’s contributions to meta-learning and architecture search. (Abstract excerpt)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Vaidya, Satyarth, et al. Brief Review of Computational Intelligence Algorithms. arXiv:1901.00983. Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani Campus, Dubai computer scientists survey a wide array of brain-based and indigenous algorithmic methods, along with showing how they are finding service in far afield domains from geology to cerebral phenomena.

Computational Intelligence algorithms have been found to deliver near optimal solutions. In this paper we propose a new hierarchy which classifies algorithms based on their sources of inspiration. The algorithms have two broad domains namely modeling of human mind and nature inspired intelligence. Algorithms of Modeling of human mind take their motivation from the manner in which humans perceive and deal with information. Similarly algorithms of nature inspired intelligence are based on ordinary phenomenon occurring in nature. The latter has further been broken into swarm intelligence, geosciences and artificial immune system. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge > News

Origins: From the Protosun to the First Steps of Life. astronomy2018.univie.ac.at/symposia/symposium345. An International Astronomical Union symposium (IAU 345) held in August 2018 in Vienna. We cite this long URL because it is where Abstracts can be found. An array of global scholars gave talks such as Cosmic Pathways to Life: From Interstellar Molecules to the first Traces of Life by Manuel Gudel, The Early Evolution of Terrestrial Planets by Helmut Lammer, Early Life on Earth by Addy Pross, The Properties of Earth-like Planets by Daniel Apai, and Unveiling the Whole from its Parts by Eduardo Pacheco, Water Inventory from the Jupiter Orbit to the Terrestrial Planets by Marov, Mikhail, and Bio-habitability and Life on Planets of M- to G-type Stars by Amri Wandel. Abstracts for M. Gudel, E. Pacheo, and A. Wandel are next.

This symposium explores the chain of events that could have been involved in the formation of the Sun in the pre-solar galactic environment, planet Earth and the earliest lifeforms on it. On one hand we see the history of consecutive events, on the other hand parallel processes of various scales have been interacting since pre-solar times till today. An abridged topical list is: Galactic environments of the Earth and Sun, Formation of solar–type steps, Evolution of protostellar disks, Physical and chemical conditions in proto–solar nebula, Planetary systems around solar–type stars, Toward building Earth–analogs, and Steps toward habitability & early forms of life. (IAU345 summary)

Life on a planet like Earth has its roots in processes starting with the formation of interstellar clouds and first complex molecules. What follows is a sequence of events for the successful life formation: the collapse of clouds to protostars in a cluster environment, the onset of "chemical factories" inside protostellar disks, the formation of a dynamically stable planetary system, the transport of sufficient amounts of water to a habitable planet, a solid surface and viable atmosphere, the favorable formation of biomolecules, and the metabolism and reproduction of initial life forms. Many of these steps are still poorly understood, but recent research in this widely interdisciplinary field has provided surprising insights into the complex conditions for life. (Gudel excerpts)

If DNA molecules were present in the interstellar medium, their observed spectral signatures would be rather complicated. Even the molecular array of a unique dinucleotide will generate a tangled signature. We selected 5 key transitions of parts of purines and pyrimidines that have been observed in the ISM as isolated molecules and propose to look for them in molecular clouds. If the ensemble of the 5 transitions are observed together in the same target, it may be that we are detecting the whole from its part. (Pacheco)

The recent detection of Earth-sized planets in the habitable zone of Proxima Centauri, Trappist-1, and many other nearby M-type stars led to speculations whether liquid water and life exist on these planets. Defining the bio-habitable zone, where liquid water and complex organic molecules can survive of the planetary surface, we suggest that planets orbiting M-type stars may have life-supporting conditions for a wide range of atmospheric properties (Wandel 2018, ApJ). We extend this analyses to locked planets of K- and G-type stars and discuss the implications for the evolution and sustaining of life, in particular, oxygenic photosynthesis, in analogy to early Earth, as well as to present Earth extreme environments. (Wandel)

An Organic, Conducive, Habitable MultiUniVerse

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Frebel, Anna. Searching for the Oldest Stars: Ancient Relics from the Early Universe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. An MIT theoretical and experimental astrophysicist describes the state of our collaborative scientific reconstruction of how the celestial raiment of starry galaxies came to originally form, actively evolve and provide a fertile milieu for life and limb so long we peoples after could achieve this vital cosmic chronicle. (Who are we to Thee to be able to do this (The Tree of Life) and for what phenomenal cause?) For an example of her later work, see From Nuclei to the Cosmos at arXiv:1806.08955.

Astronomers study the oldest stars in the universe in much the same way that archaeologists study ancient artifacts on Earth. Here, Anna Frebel, who is credited with discovering several of the most primitive stars, takes readers into the depths of space and time to provide a firsthand account of stellar archaeology. Weaving the latest findings in astronomy with her own insights, Frebel explains how sections of the night sky are "excavated" in the hunt for these rare relic stars, and how this quest is reveals new details about the earliest universe. She describes how the very first stars formed soon after the big bang and then exploded as supernovae, leaving chemical fingerprints She shows how these traces provide clues to the cosmic origin of the elements, early star and galaxy formation, and the assembly process of the Milky Way.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Gott, Richard. The Cosmic Web: Mysterious Architecture of the Universe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016. A Princeton astrophysicist whose career has pursued an inherent structure which he thought the whole universe appears to have here describes his quest and what the webwork he actually discovered.

J. Richard Gott was among the first cosmologists to propose that the structure of our universe is like a sponge made up of clusters of galaxies intricately connected by filaments of galaxies — a magnificent structure now called the "cosmic web" and mapped extensively by teams of astronomers. The volume is his insider's account of how a generation of undaunted theorists and observers solved the mystery of the architecture of our cosmos.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Perlov, Delia and Alex Vilenkin. Cosmology for the Curious. International: Springer, 2017. This book is a gentle introduction about modern views of the cosmos. Our universe originated in a great explosion – the big bang. Cosmologists have studied the aftermath of this explosion: how the universe expanded and cooled down, and how galaxies were assembled by gravity. The nature of the bang is the subject of the theory of cosmic inflation and has led to a radically new global view of the universe. One of the book's central themes is the scientific quest to find answers to the ultimate cosmic questions: Is the universe finite or infinite? Has it existed forever? If not, when and how did it come into being? Will it ever end? The text is based on an undergraduate course taught by Alex Vilenkin at Tufts University.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Tyson, Neil de Grasse, et al. Welcome to the Universe: An Astrophysical Tour. Princeton: Princeton University Press,, 2016. The American Museum of Natural History cosmic impresario and senior Princeton astrophysicists Michael Strauss and Richard Gott guide the reader across the spatial cosmic expanse and its dynamic temporal course, with many important stops and topics along the way.

Inspired by the popular introductory astronomy course that Neil de Grasse Tyson, Michael A. Strauss, and J. Richard Gott taught together at Princeton, this book spans from planets, stars, and galaxies to black holes, wormholes, and time travel. Describing the latest discoveries, the informative narrative propels you from our home solar system to the outermost frontiers of space. Why did Pluto lose its planetary status? What are the prospects of intelligent life elsewhere? How did the universe begin? Is our universe alone or part of an infinite multiverse? Answering these and many other questions, the authors share their wonderment about this awesome celestial raiment.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Bastidas, Victor, et al. Chimera States in Quantum Mechanics. arXiv:1807.08056. Technical University of Berlin physicists post another example of how complex self-organizing networks can be similarly found in this once opaque domain. The paper opens by noting how such phenomena are indeed known to apply in kind across every natural and neural realm. In addition, these semi-synchronized conditions are seen to exhibit some manner of criticality, and to carry and process information. See also Chaos in Dirac Electron Optics: Emergence of a Relativistic Quantum Chimera in Physical Review Letters (120/124101, 2018) for a concurrent contribution.

Classical chimera states are paradigmatic examples of partial synchronization patterns emerging in nonlinear dynamics. These states are characterized by the spatial coexistence of two dramatically different dynamical behaviors, i.e., synchronized and desynchronized dynamics. Our aim in this contribution is to discuss signatures of chimera states in quantum mechanics. We study a network with a ring topology consisting of N coupled quantum Van der Pol oscillators. We describe the emergence of chimera-like quantum correlations in the covariance matrix. Further, we establish the connection of chimera states to quantum information theory by describing the quantum mutual information for a bipartite state of the network. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Kremen, Anna, et al. Imaging Quantum Fluctuations near Criticality. Nature Physics. December, 2018. We note this paper by Bar Ilan, Israel, Ohio State, and North Dakota University researchers for its frontier content and because it suggests a systemic tendency to reach a critical point.

A quantum phase transition (QPT) occurs between two competing phases of matter at zero temperature, driven by quantum fluctuations. Although the presence of these fluctuations is well established, they have not been locally imaged in space, and their dynamics has not been studied so far. We use a scanning superconducting quantum interference device to image fluctuations near the QPT from a superconductor to an insulator. We find fluctuations of the diamagnetic response in both space and time that survive well below the transition temperature, demonstrating their quantum nature. The lateral dimension of these fluctuations grows towards criticality, offering a new measurable length scale. This paves a new route for future quantum information applications. (Abstract)

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