(logo) Natural Genesis (logo text)
A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
Table of Contents
Introduction
Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
Glossary
Recent Additions
Search
Submit

Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 86 found.


The Natural Genesis Vision

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Davies, Paul. The Demon in the Machine: How Hidden Webs of Information are Solving the Mystery of Life. London: Allen Lane, 2019. This latest volume since 2010 by the British physicist and popular author presently at Arizona State University as director of the BEYOND Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science is reviewed much more in The Information Computation Turn section.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Smitsman, Anneloes and Jude Currivan. Systemic Transformation into the Birth Canal. Systems Research and Behavioral Science. Online January, 2019. Sensitive scholars (bios next) provide a woman’s appreciation of a parturient planet in the throes of giving birth. The vital necessity is thus an integral, worldwise shift from an old, mechanical, moribund scheme to such an organic embryogenesis, which is also the intent of this website. See also their latest books Love Letters from Mother Earth: The Promise of a New Beginning (Quatre Bornes, Mauritius: EARTHwise Publications, 2018) by Anneloes and The Cosmic Hologram: In-formation at the Center of Creation (Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions, 2017) by Jude.

Anneloes Smitsman is the founder and facilitator of the EARTHwise Centre (Google). She is an author, storyteller, and catalyst for transformational change, collective thrivability, and innovative education. Her wisdom-based training programs have empowered people and organisations to develop, and actualise their true potential by accessing our collective intelligence and wisdom. She is the author of the bestseller Love Letters from Mother Earth – The Promise of a New Beginning”. She has a Masters degree in Law & Political Science from Leiden University and finishing a Ph.D at Maastricht University.

Jude Currivan, Ph.D., is a cosmologist, futurist, planetary healer and previously one of the most senior business women in the UK. She has a master’s degree in physics from Oxford University and a doctorate in archaeology from the University of Reading in the UK. She has traveled extensively, worked with wisdom keepers from many traditions, and is a life-long researcher into the nature of reality. She is the author of 6 books, including The Cosmic Hologram, and is a member of the Evolutionary Leaders circle.

The first law of thermodynamics tells that the total amount of energy and matter in our Universe remains constant. This is also called the law of constants and implies that our Universe is a closed system with regard to matter and energy. The second law of thermodynamics was explained in terms of increasing entropy over time. This law, from an infodynamics perspective, can be regarded as increasing complexity of informational content over time. This opens an evolutionary view how our Universe evolved from initial simplicity through biocomplexity over time. This paper explores how to apply this understanding for systemic transformational change within conventional systems that have evolved from a mechanistic worldview. Examples of praxis are provided to highlight this midwifing process to ease our collective birthing pains into new ways of being. (Abstract)

Planetary Prodigy: A Global Sapiensphere Learns by Her/His Self

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Chen, Heng, et al. How Does Language Change as a Lexical Network? An Investigation Based on Written Chinese Word Co-occurrence Networks. PLoS One. February 28, 2018. Center for Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, Guangdong University, and School of Foreign Studies, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China scholars turn to complexity and network structures and dynamics to reveal that their own language is quite similarly distinguished by nested scales, modules, communities, and so on. In regard, ever again nature’s independent, mathematic source is universally exemplified in each and every realm, which then well implies an innately textual, genomic milieu.

Language is a complex adaptive system, but how does it change? To investigate this process, four diachronic Chinese word co-occurrence networks have been built based on texts written during the last 2,000 years. By comparing the network indicators associated with the hierarchical features in language networks, we learn that the hierarchy of Chinese lexical networks has evolved over time at three different levels. The connections of words at the micro level are weakening; the number of words in meso-level communities has increased; and the network is expanding at the macro level. This means that more words tend to be connected to medium-central words and form different communities. Understanding this process can help us understand the increasing structural complexity of the language system. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

DeGiuli, Eric. Random Language Model: A Path to Principled Complexity. arXiv:1809.01201. A University of Sorbonne Paris physicist advances a linguistic understanding of the textual, computational, alphabetic (broadly conceived) essence of natural reality. See also his companion post Emergence of Order in Random Languages at 1902.07516.

Many complex generative systems use languages to create structured objects. We consider a model of random languages, defined by weighted context-free grammars. As the distribution of grammar weights broadens, a transition is found from a random phase, in which sentences are indistinguishable from noise, to an organized phase in which nontrivial information is carried. This marks the emergence of deep structure in the language, and can be understood by a competition between energy and entropy. (1809.01201 Abstract)

It is a remarkable fact that structures of the most astounding complexity can be encoded into sequences of digits from a finite alphabet. Indeed, the complexity of life is written in the genetic code, with alphabet {A,T,C,G}, proteins are coded from strings of 20 amino acids, and human-written text is composed in small, fixed alphabets. This ‘infinite use of finite means’ was formalized by Post and Chomsky with the notion of generative grammar, and has been elaborated upon since by linguists and computer scientists. (1)

We consider languages generated by weighted context-free grammars. It is shown that the behaviour of large texts is controlled by saddle-point equations for an appropriate generating function. We then consider ensembles of grammars, in particular my Random Language Model (above). This model is solved in the replica-symmetric ansatz, which is valid in the high-temperature, disordered phase. It is shown that in the phase in which languages carry information, the replica symmetry must be broken. (1902.07516 Abstract)

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > Rosetta Cosmos

Najafi, Elham and Amir Darooneh. A New Universality Class in Corpus of Texts: A Statistical Physics Study. Physics Letters A. 382/1140, 2018. University of Zanjan, Iran physicists continue their endeavor to achieve a complex network systems analysis of written documents, which are similarly amenable to this approach, just as all other domains. See also The Fractal Patterns of Words in a Text by the authors in PloS One (Online June 19, 2015). In cultural regard, as a natural, and social realms become deeply scriptural, could these multiple findings be the advent of a worldwise 21st century dispensation so as to newly unite the many historic divisions?

Text can be regarded as a complex system. There are some methods in statistical physics which can be used to study this system. In this work, by means of statistical physics methods, we reveal new universal behaviors of texts associating with the fractality values of words in a text. The fractality measure indicates the importance of words in a text by considering distribution pattern of words throughout the text. We observed a power law relation between fractality of text and vocabulary size for texts and corpora. We also observed this behavior in studying biological data. (Abstract)

In this research, by studying texts from statistical physics stand-point, we introduced some new universal behaviors of texts. The universal behaviors are observed about fractal value of words in texts. To explain this issue, we used the concept of fractals to as-sign an importance value to each word-type in a text. Then, we defined text fractality and studied the relation between this quantity and vocabulary size for a large number of texts from Open National American Corpus and also a lot of DNA sequences. We also studied the relation between maximum fractality in a text and the relation between text fractality and sum of combined measure valuand reported some power behaviors in these cases. (9)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Hoekstra, Alfons, et al. Multiscale Computing for Science and Engineering in the Era of Exascale Performance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. Vol.377/Iss.2142, 2019. In a theme issue Multiscale Modelling, Simulation and Computing from the Desktop to the Exascale, a British, Swiss and German team including Peter Coveney and Simon Zwart survey this late 2010s orders of magnitude increase with its concurrent advent of voluminous informational inputs. Typical papers are Big Data: the End of the Scientific Method, Assessing the Scales in Numerical Weather and Climate Predictions and Multi-Scale High-Performance Computing in Astrophysics.

Exascale computing refers to computing systems capable of at least one exaFLOPS, or a billion billion (quintillion) calculations per second. Such capacity represents a thousandfold increase over the first petascale computer that came into operation in 2008. One exaflop is a thousand petaflops or a quintillion floating point operations per second. (Wikipedia)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Kriegeskorte, Nikolaus and Tai Golan. Neural Network Models and Deep Learning: A Primer for Biologists. arXiv:1902.04704. Columbia University neuroscientists provide a 14 page primer which would be a good entry for any field. Some sections are Neural nets are universal approximators, Deep networks can capture complex functions, and Deep learning by backpropagation.

Originally inspired by neurobiology, deep neural network models have become a powerful tool of machine learning and artificial intelligence, where they are used to approximate functions and dynamics by learning from examples. Here we give a brief introduction to neural network models and deep learning for biologists. We introduce feedforward and recurrent networks and explain the expressive power of this modeling framework and the backpropagation algorithm for setting the parameters. Finally, we consider how deep neural networks might help us understand the brain's computations. (Abstract)

An Organic, Conducive, Habitable MultiUniVerse

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Bluck,, Asa, et al. What Shapes a Galaxy? Unraveling the Role of Mass, Environment and Star Formation in Forming Galactic Structure. arxiv:1902.01665. A dozen astrophysicists from Canada, the UK, Switzerland, and Australia proceed to test, quantify and find out. But our interest is to record how really fantastic is it that our collaborative human intellects upon a minutest bioworld are yet capable at all of learning any reach of space and time. Who are we suddenly sapient, literate, instrumental beings to do this, what august purpose might be imagined.

We investigate the dependence of galaxy structure on a variety of galactic and environmental parameters for ∼500,000 galaxies at z<0.2, taken from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 7. We rank galaxy and environmental parameters in terms of how predictive they are of galaxy structure, using an artificial neural network approach. We find that distance from the star forming main sequence, followed by stellar mass, are the most closely connected parameters to the bulge to stellar mass ratio. In our simulations, we find a significant lack of bulge-dominated galaxies at a fixed stellar mass, compared to the SDSS. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Adams, Fred C.. The Degree of Fine-Tuning in our Universe – and Others. arXiv:1902.03928. In a 212 page paper to appear in Physics Reports, the collegial University of Michigan astrophysicist (search) enters a broad and deep mathematical survey to date of a stochastic infinity of exo-cosmoses. Its sections go from Particle Parameters, Cosmological Features, Dark Energy, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, to Galactic Structures, Stellar Evolution, Solar Planets, and more. The main theme is the contingency of this temporally unfolding universe, and myriad vicarious others, with regard to how they might permit living, developmental systems. A conclusion is that while particle values are sharply tuned, astrophysical vistas allow a wider space (wiggle room). A general surmise so far is that our universe with sapient observers may be a better or maximal case. One might note that such witnesses apply J. A. Wheeler’s participatory model whence any extant cosmos requires an internal self-recognition to attain full existence. See also concurrent papers by McCullen Sandora herein.

Both fundamental constants that describe the laws of physics and cosmological parameters that determine the cosmic properties must fall within a range of values in order for the universe to develop astrophysical structures and support life. This paper reviews current constraints on these quantities. The standard model of particle physics contains both coupling constants and particle masses, and the allowed ranges of these parameters are discussed. We then consider cosmic parameters, including the total energy density, vacuum energy density, baryon-to-photon ratio, dark matter contribution, and the amplitude of primordial density fluctuations. These quantities are constrained by the requirements that the universe lives for a long time, emerges from the BBN epoch with an acceptable chemical composition, and can produce galaxies.

On smaller scales, stars and planets must be able to form and function. The planets must be massive enough to maintain an atmosphere, small enough to remain non-degenerate, and support a complex biosphere. These requirements place constraints on the gravitational constant fine structure constant, and nuclear reaction rates. We consider specific instances of fine-tuning in stars, including the triple alpha reaction that produces carbon, and effects of unstable deuterium. For all of these issues, viable universes exist over a range of parameter space. (Abridged Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Jimenez, Raul, et al. Measuring the Homogeneity of the Universe. arXiv:1902.11298. We enter this posting by University of Barcelona, University of the Western Cape, Dartmouth College and Imperial College London (Alan Heavens) astrophysicists as a 2019 example of how our nascent worldwide intellect has become able on its own to consider and quantify an entire cosmos. For some context, this achievement reaches across some 30 orders of magnitude from our minute, precious, maybe rarest habitable observance to the whole expansive universe.

We propose a method to probe the homogeneity of a general universe, without assuming symmetry. We show that isotropy can be tested at remote locations on the past lightcone by comparing the line-of-sight and transverse expansion rates, using the time dependence of the polarization of Cosmic Microwave Background photons that have been inverse-Compton scattered by the hot gas in massive clusters of galaxies. Thus we can test remote isotropy, which is a key requirement of a homogeneous universe. We provide explicit formulas that connect observables and properties of the metric. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Linde, Andrei and Vitaly Vanchurin. How Many Universes are in the Multiverse? Physical Review D. 81/083525. 2010. Stanford University cosmologists offer mathematical and physical considerations to date about the presence and proliferation of universes. In the 1980s Linde was famously with Alan Guth an original conceiver of an inflationary cosmic origin, which seems to be holding its own by way of the latest Planck space telescope. A further interest here is an emphatic endorsement of the need for participant observers to record and bring a cosmos into full existence.

We argue that the total number of distinguishable locally Friedmann universes generated by eternal inflation is proportional to the exponent of the entropy of inflationary perturbations and is limited by the number of e-folds of slow-roll post-eternal inflation. We discuss the possibility that the strongest constraint on the number of distinguishable universes may be related not to the properties of the multiverse but to the properties of observers. (Abstract)

One of the implications of this result is that one can talk about the evolution of the universe only with respect to an observer. In the limit when the mass of the observer vanishes, the rest of the universe freezes in time. In this sense, the number of distinct observable histories of the universe is bounded from above by the total number of the histories that can be recorded by a given observer. (9) Potentially, it may become very important that when we analyze the probability of existence of a universe of a given type, we should be talking about a consistent pair: the universe and an observer who makes the rest of the universe “alive” and the wave function of the rest of the universe time-dependent. (9)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Sandora, McCullen. Multiverse Predictions for Habitability: Fraction of Planets that Develop Life. arXiv:1903.06283. In his multiverse studies (1901.04614, 1902.06784), the Tufts University cosmologist moves on to consider numerical estimates, in view of how stochastic suns and worlds can be, for how many potential biospheres might harbor living, evolving systems. Of especial interest are those that could continue to rise beyond microbial phases. As the abstract says, many inter-related spatial, material, gaseous and energetic factors are involved and need be evaluated. And as theVII.C, An Earthropic Principle section reports, further concatenations need be passed through to reach a cumulative, technological sapiensphere able to commence such explorations.

In a multiverse context, determining the probability of being in our particular universe depends on estimating its overall habitability compared to other universes with different values of the fundamental constants. One of the most important factors in determining this is the fraction of planets that actually develop life, and how this depends on planetary conditions. Many proposed possibilities for this are incompatible with the multiverse: if the emergence of life depends on the lifetime of its host star, the size of the habitable planet, or the amount of material processed, the chances of being in our universe would be very low. If the emergence of life depends on the entropy absorbed by the planet, however, our position in this universe is very natural. Several proposed models for the subsequent development of life, including the hard step model and several planetary oxygenation models, are also shown to be incompatible with the multiverse. If any of these are observed to play a large role in determining the distribution of life throughout our universe, the multiverse hypothesis will be ruled out to high significance. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Sandora, McCullen. Multiverse Predictions for Habitability: Number of Habitable Planets. arXiv:1902.06784. The Tufts University postdoc cosmologist continues his quantifications after Number of Stars (1901.04614) as our collective human acumen becomes cognizant of infinite vicarious cosmoses. This study is based on recent perceptions of some quintillion planetary objects of every possible kind, in and out of solar systems, whereupon life and sentience may or may not evolve. Sections include Why does our universe naturally make terrestrial planets, Fraction of stars with planets, What sets the size of planets, What is the metallicity needed to form planets, Why is interplanet spacing equal to the width of the temperate zone, and so on.

How good is our universe at making habitable planets? The answer to this depends on which factors are important for life: Does a planet need to be Earth mass? Does it need to be inside the temperate zone? Are systems with hot Jupiters habitable? Adopting different stances on the importance of each of these criteria, as well as the underlying physical processes involved, can affect the probability of being in our universe; this can help to determine whether the multiverse framework is correct or not. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Chemistry

Breik, Keenan, et al. Programming Substrate-Independent Kinetic Barriers with Thermodynamic Binding Networks. arXiv:1810.12889. UT Austin and UC Davis researchers including David Doty press on with a frontier synthesis of chemical catalysis and energetic systems.

Engineering molecular systems that exhibit complex behavior requires the design of kinetic barriers. While programming such energy barriers seems to require knowledge of the specific substrate, we develop a novel substrate-independent approach. We extend the recently-developed model known as thermodynamic binding networks to programmable kinetic barriers that arise solely from the driving forces of bond formation and configurational entropy of separate complexes. Our model is robust such that several variations lead to equivalent energy barriers. Our results yield robust amplifiers using DNA strand displacement, a popular technology for engineering synthetic reaction pathways. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Chemistry

Saitou, Naruya, Naruya. Introduction to Evolutionary Genomics. International: Springer, 2018. A National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan population geneticist provides after 2013 a second edition which further joins our homo sapiens genetic endowment with a deep ancestry in life’s emergent development. Three main sections are Basic Processes of Genome Evolution, Evolving Genomes, and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics.

Topics and Features: Introduces the basics of molecular biology, covering protein structure and diversity, as well as DNA replication, transcription, and translation; Examines the phylogenetic relationships of DNA sequences, and the processes of mutation, neutral evolution, and natural selection; Presents a brief evolutionary history of life, surveying the key features of the genomes of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, viruses and phages, vertebrates, and humans; Reviews the various biological “omic” databases, and discusses the analysis of homologous nucleotide and amino acid sequences; Provides an overview of the experimental sequencing of genomes and transcriptomes, and the construction of phylogenetic trees.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6  Next