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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 1 through 15 of 60 found.


The Genesis Vision: A ProCreative MultiUniVerse Spacescape

The Genesis Vision > Historic Precedents

Marmodoro, Anna. Everything in Everything: Anaxagoras’ Metaphysics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. The Corpus Christi College, Oxford University philosopher provides a third millennium exposition of the pre-Socratic Greek sage to epitomize original imaginations about this august worldly realm we human beings came to find ourselves in and of. From our late vantage, a sense of a numinous nature due to and vitalized by a “cosmic, cognitive Nous” which expresses in similar kind everywhere was already apparent. From the very outset this “extreme mixture” is distinguished by “every phenomenal thing” as a mutual “combination of opposites.” In many words and images since, this perennial translation has proceeded from Taoist sages, Nahua shamans, Kemetic MAAT, onto St. Bonaventure, Gregor Hegel, a host of voices and visions, but now languishes in denials by academe. See also Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity (2007) by David Sedley for another take.

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (Vth century BCE) is best known in the history of philosophy for his stance that there is a share of everything in everything. He puts forward this theory of extreme mixture as a solution to the problem of change he and his contemporaries inherited from Parmenides - that what is cannot come from what is not (and vice versa). Yet, for ancient and modern scholars alike, the metaphysical significance of Anaxagoras's position has proven challenging to understanding. In Everything in Everything, Anna Marmodoro offers a fresh interpretation of Anaxagoras's theory of mixture, arguing for its soundness and also relevance to contemporary debates in metaphysics. For Anaxagoras the fundamental elements of reality are the opposites (hot, cold, wet, dry, etc.), which Marmodoro argues are instances of physical causal powers. The unchanging opposites compose mereologically, forming (phenomenologically) emergent wholes. Everything in the universe (except nous) derives from the opposites. The opposite exist as endlessly partitioned; they can be scattered everywhere and be in everything. Mardomoro further shows that their extreme mixture is made possible by the omni-presence and hence com-presence in the universe, which is in turn facilitated by the limitless divisibility of the opposites.

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Bayram, Baris. How an Ethics-Based Approach Works with Global Agendas. IMPAKTER. Online June 19, 2017. From this unique multi-generational website (see below) for a sane, peaceable, humane world, we cite for example, this manifesto for a novel 21st century moral, public and environmental guidance by a Yeditepe University, Istanbul, PhD philosophy candidate. The entry continues the vital concerns and advances of the quote, but the complex systems literacy he rightly calls for needs gain more substance, which is our aim. The whole IMPAKTER.com site is a luminous beacon of thoughtful intentions with a Sustainable Development Goals emphasis. Click on TEAM is to find many accomplished young persons, more women than men, such as Courtney Storm a cancer care lawyer, along with an older generation such as Arni Mathiesen, Asst. Director General of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

This is why we need a strong theoretical literacy to deal with complexity and contextual ambiguity towards needed directions. We also need scientific knowledge to understand the needs and goals to ensure our well-being and develop effective and accurate responses. Finally, we need to hone our thinking skills to use such literacy and knowledge more effectively to autonomously address any issue or event as needed. To improve our responses, deliberations, theories and forecasts, we must have access to quality information, such as, for example, expert reports provided by the United Nations. And these requirements are just the beginning to enable us to generate quality deliberations, designs and decisions aimed at enhancing our own level of well-being. (Bayram)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Finn, Ed. What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2017. Among a spate of similar books, the Arizona State University, Center for Science and the Imagination director provides a deeper philosophical and historic train for this 2000s and 2010s personal and planetary cyber-revolution. From its first pages, inklings of a natural, generative, mathematic source are traced from original Logos, divine languages, Leibniz’s mathesis universalis, the French Encyclopedie, onto Turing’s digital morphogenesis, Wolfram’s cellular automata, and more. From our global vantage, a perennial quest to decipher and articulate a numinous cosmos graced by a double phase of animate repetitive code and exemplary procreation becomes evident. Within this milieu, its present manifestation is an algorithmic form as procedural programs. These are not physical equations or laws but a process or set of rules for calculations, problem-solving, or productive operations. Our interest is then the broad outlines of an extant reality composed this way, which quite suggests a genesis cosmos with a genotype and phenotype in effect. Our human significance again appears as this great work, Magnum Omics, to achieve its own self-sequence and passage unto intentional, sustainable futurity.

Precisely because language occupies a special status as an intellectual technology, its role as an epistemological layer or medium has interested philosophers from Plato to John Searle. In the context of code, language can reformat the world and the mind. (4) This a book about the algorithm as the vehicle or tool of computation: the object at the intersection of computational space, cultural systems, and human cognition. We need a deeper understanding of the algorithm in order to understand how computational systems are transforming our world today. In that sense this is a literary exercise, an experiment in developing an “algorithmic reading of the world. (5) Computation offers a pathway for consilience, or the unification of all fields of knowledge into a single tree: an ontology of information founded on the idea that computation is a universal solvent that can untangle any complex system, from human consciousness to the universe itself. (9)

The Genesis Vision > Current Vistas

Smith, Howard. Questioning Copernican Mediocrity. American Scientist. July-August, 2017. The Harvard University astrophysicist and author (search Howard) first reviews the long demotion of human and Earth initiated by Nicolaus C. from a 15th century central position to an insignificance lost in a pointless evolutionary multiverse spacescape. The “Copernican principle” phrase denotes this removal, along with the absence of any privileged location. But if we might just now pay attention to the latest worldwide scientific findings, we may be in the midst of a 21st century revolutionary reprieve. An especial reason is the discovery of an apparent cosmic propensity to form myriad planetary objects in solar habitable zones. A Misanthropic Principle is cited which means that because of vicarious contingencies, intelligent worlds must be vanishingly rare. Yet the existence of a sentient, collaborative species as we peoples able to achieve such knowledge is so incredible, how could it all be an accident. For a plethora of reasons, if such a consideration can even be allowed, an aware, cognizant planet like Earth would no longer be a dust mote but of phenomenal import. The article is a "cosmosmark" cover story in this popular publication.

A Learning Planet: An Integral Knowledge by Humankind

A Learning Planet > Original Wisdom > The Book of Nature

Allahyari, Mehdi, et al. A Brief Survey of Text Mining. arXiv:1707.02919. A University of Georgia, Athens, GA, computer informatics team of MA, Seyedamin Pouriyeh, Mehdi Assefi, Saied Safaei, Elizabeth Trippe, Juan Gutierrez, and Krys Kochut review the latest automatic summary methods to retrieve and distill meaningful content from the vast flow of online literary corpora, broadly conceived. A companion piece is Text Summarization Techniques at 1707.02268. And to reflect, a natural narrative is implied whence our human role may be to learn to read, write, comprehend and continue this procreative realm written in a genetic language.

The amount of text that is generated every day is increasing dramatically. This tremendous volume of mostly unstructured text cannot be simply processed and perceived by computers. Therefore, efficient and effective techniques and algorithms are required to discover useful patterns. Text mining is the task of extracting meaningful information from text, which has gained significant attentions in recent years. In this paper, we describe several of the most fundamental text mining tasks and techniques including text pre-processing, classification and clustering. Additionally, we briefly explain text mining in biomedical and health care domains. (Abstract)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Aung, Tin, et al. Genetic Association Study of Exfoliation Syndrome Identifies a Protective Rare Variant at LOXL1 and Five New Susceptibility Loci. Nature Genetics. 49/7, 2017. We note this paper about medical research findings to cure glaucoma and build a “disease biology” more for its almost 300 co-authors spread across every continent. With main bases in New York City and Singapore, a long list of credits such as King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, Shinjo Eye Clinic, Japan, and the University of Tasmania, Australia, a truly global network of visionary advances, fills two pages. Here is luminous evidence of a scientific ascent to a worldwide sapiensphere now learning on its bicameral own, which still remains unbeknownst to individual researchers.

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Miglio, Andrea, et al. PLATO as it is: a legacy mission for Galactic Archaeology. arXiv:1706.04319. We cite this entry by a 106 member team with postings in the UK, Denmark, Germany, France, Australia, Italy, Chile, the USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Brazil, Portugal, and Romania as a 2017 example of the wholly worldwide nature of scientific progress. Its significance is a phenomenal achievement by a cooperative sapient species of cosmic self-quantification. Yet at the same moments nations and civilizations led by barbaric warlords seem bent on its destruction.

Deciphering the assembly history of the Milky Way is a formidable task, which becomes possible only if one can produce high-resolution chrono-chemo-kinematical maps of the Galaxy. Data from large-scale astrometric and spectroscopic surveys will soon provide us with a well-defined view of the current chemo-kinematical structure of the Milky Way, but will only enable a blurred view on the temporal sequence that led to the present-day Galaxy. As demonstrated by the (ongoing) exploitation of data from the pioneering photometric missions CoRoT, Kepler, and K2, asteroseismology provides the way forward: solar-like oscillating giants are excellent evolutionary clocks thanks to the availability of seismic constraints on their mass and to the tight age-initial-mass relation they adhere to. (Abstract)

PLATO is a space observatory under development by the European Space Agency for launch in 2025. The mission goals are to search for planetary transits of up to one million stars, to discover and characterize rocky extrasolar planets around yellow dwarf stars like our sun, subgiant stars, and red dwarf stars. The emphasis of the mission is on earth like planets in the habitable zone around sun-like stars where water can exist in liquid state.[2] It is the third medium-class mission in ESA's Cosmic Vision programme and named after the influential Greek philosopher Plato the founding figure of Western philosophy, science and mathematics. (Wikipedia)

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science

Xie, Zheng, et al. Feature Analysis of Multidisciplinary Scientific Collaboration Behaviors. arXiv:1706.05858. National University of Defense Technology and Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, researchers consider some 53,000 papers from 1999 to 2013 in the American Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences to recreate in much detail the shifting dynamic interactions across every field of study from physics to pharmacology. By so doing, we add that a glimpse of a singular composite learning endeavor by a worldwide humankind becomes quite evident.

Research paradigms of sciences can be classified into four categories, namely theoretical research, experiment, simulation and data-driven. Meanwhile, transdisciplinary disciplines (e. g. systems science) integrate the theoretical and methodological perspectives drawn from all disciplines to build a unified methodology. The universality of research paradigms and transdisciplinary disciplines gives grounds for the interactions and the emergence of giant components in coauthorship networks. (3)

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge

Hornischer, Hannes, et al. Intelligence of Agents Produces a Structural Phase Transition in Collective Behavior. arXiv:1706.01458. MPI Dynamics and Self-Organization researchers discern a consistent propensity for animal agents to move toward and transform into a beneficial group coherence. As such common, insistent forces become apparent, they can be realized as a far-from-equilibrium emergence into newly viable arrangements.

Living organisms process information to interact and adapt to their changing environment with the goal of finding food, mates or averting hazards. Adaptive, collective behaviour underpinned by specialized optimization strategies is ubiquitously found in the natural world. Here we prove that a universal physical mechanism of a nonequilibrium transition underlies the collective organization of information-processing organisms. As cognitive agents build and update an internal, cognitive representation of the causal structure of their environment, complex patterns emerge in the system, where the onset of pattern formation relates to the spatial overlap of cognitive maps. Taken together, the characteristics of this phase transition consolidate different results in cognitive and biological sciences in a universal manner. (Abstract excerpts)

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge > News

Ising Lectures – 2017. http://www.icmp.lviv.ua/ising/index.html. As the 20th Annual Workshop on Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena under the esteemed German-Jewish (as he is known) mathematical physicist Ernst Ising (1990-1998). It occurs in June in the ancient western Ukraine cultural city of Lviv, close to southern Poland. The presentations this year by senior European scientists include The Search for Universality in Finite-Size Scaling by Ralph Kenna (search), The Fate of Ernst Ising and the Fate of His Model by Thomas Ising (son), along with Reinhard Folk, Bertrand Berche, and Yurij Holovatch (search). From the page, as for previous years, an extended abstract can be accessed for each speaker. The Abstract below is from Tom Ising, and is also posted at arXiv:1706.01764. And one cannot help notice the contrast of such learned wisdom amid a land so beset by tragic violence.

On this, the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the "Ising Lectures" in Lviv (Ukraine), we give some personal reflections about the famous model that was suggested by Wilhelm Lenz for ferromagnetism in 1920 and solved in one dimension by his PhD student, Ernst Ising, in 1924. That work of Lenz and Ising marked the start of a scientific direction that, over nearly 100 years, delivered extraordinary successes in explaining collective behaviour in a vast variety of systems, both within and beyond the natural sciences. The broadness of the appeal of the Ising model is reflected in the variety of talks presented at the Ising lectures over the past two decades but requires that we restrict this report to a small selection of topics. The paper starts with some personal memoirs of Thomas Ising (Ernst's son). We then discuss the history of the model, exact solutions, experimental realisations, and its extension to other fields.

Organic Universe: An Animate, Conducive Cosmos

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology

Curtin, David and Raman Sundrum. Hidden Worlds of Fundamental Particles. Physics Today. June, 2017. University of Maryland physicists write an illustrated entry to frontier studies of light and dark cosmic materiality such as Higgs bosons, big bang nucleosynthesis, and WIMP baryogenesis as they stretch the Standard Model. See also however, Yearning for New Physics at CERN in a Post-Higgs Way by Denis Overbye in the New York Times for June 20, 2017 about a lacunae of recent progress.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology

D’Ariano, Giacomo, et al. Quantum Theory from First Principles: An Informational Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. DiAriano and Paolo Perinotti, University of Pavia, and Giulio Chiribella, University of Hong Kong write an intricately technical textbook of this 2000s and 2010s revolutionary conception of nature’s foundational source.

Quantum theory is the soul of theoretical physics. It is not just a theory of specific physical systems, but rather a new framework with universal applicability. This book shows how we can reconstruct the theory from six information-theoretical principles, by rebuilding the quantum rules from the bottom up. Step by step, the reader will learn how to master the counterintuitive aspects of the quantum world, and how to efficiently reconstruct quantum information protocols from first principles. Using intuitive graphical notation to represent equations, and with shorter and more efficient derivations, the theory can be understood and assimilated with exceptional ease.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Adams, Fred and Evan Grohs. On the Habitability of Universes without Stable Deuterium. Astroparticale Physics. 91/90, 2017. We added this new section to report entries like this which show how it has now become possible for human beings to contemplate entire cosmoses. Also posted at arXiv:1612.04741, here University of Michigan astrophysicists consider if a deficit of deuterium, one of two hydrogen isotopes, would affect an ability to form a modicum of living entities. Upon a natural philosophy reflection, incredulous to a Newton or Galileo, there must be some grand significance and purpose for our collaborative humankinder acumen to be able to quantify such multiUniVerse reaches.

In both stars and in the early universe, the production of deuterium is the first step on the way to producing heavier nuclei. If the strong force were slightly weaker, deuterium would not be stable, and many authors have noted that nuclesynthesis would be compromised so that helium production could not proceed through standard reaction chains. Motivated by the possibility that other regions of space-time could have different values for the fundamental constants, this paper considers stellar evolution in universes without stable deuterium and argues that such universes can remain habitable. With stars evolving through gravitational contraction, explosive nucleosynthesis, the triple-nucleon reaction, and the CNO cycle, universes with no stable deuterium are thus potentially habitable, contrary to many previous claims. (Abstract excerpts)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

De Grijs, Richard, et al. Toward an Internally Consistent Astronomical Distance Scale. arXiv:1706.07933. The 60 page paper is to appear in a Space Science Reviews collection from a 2016 Astronomical Distance Determination in the Space Age workshop. Its authors have postings in China, Switzerland, Spain, Japan, and Germany. We cite not so much for content as to note how fantastic is it that peoples over a minute bioworld can yet work together to quantify, measure and map the whole, vast galactic cosmos. When and however might a reflective sapiensphere be able to realize and appreciate before it is too late.

Accurate astronomical distance determination is crucial for all fields in astrophysics, from Galactic to cosmological scales. Despite, or perhaps because of, significant efforts to determine accurate distances, using a wide range of methods, tracers, and techniques, an internally consistent astronomical distance framework has not yet been established. We review current efforts to homogenize the Local Group's distance framework, with particular emphasis on the potential of RR Lyrae stars as distance indicators, and attempt to extend this in an internally consistent manner to cosmological distances. Calibration based on Type Ia supernovae and distance determinations based on gravitational lensing represent particularly promising approaches. We provide a positive outlook to improvements to the status quo expected from future surveys, missions, and facilities. Astronomical distance determination has clearly reached maturity and near-consistency. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Organic

Cantine, Marjorie and Gregory Fournier. Environmental Adaptation from the Origin of Life to the Last Universal Common Ancestor. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres. Online July, 2017. Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, MIT researchers analytically and graphically display this initial two billion year span when living proto-cellular formations began to arise and evolve. Again, by the tripartite union of replicative modes, closed compartments, and rudimentary metabolism, life’s nested cellularity was on its course all the way to our late reconstruction. For this section, the presence of an innately organic, conducive, habitable cosmos becomes robustly evident.

Extensive fundamental molecular and biological evolution took place between the prebiotic origins of life and the state of the Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA). Considering the evolutionary innovations between these two endpoints from the perspective of environmental adaptation, we explore the hypothesis that LUCA was temporally, spatially, and environmentally distinct from life’s earliest origins in an RNA world. Using this lens, we interpret several molecular biological features as indicating an environmental transition between a cold, radiation-shielded origin of life and a mesophilic, surface-dwelling LUCA. Cellularity provides motility and permits Darwinian evolution by connecting genetic material and its products, and thus establishing heredity and lineage. Considering the importance of compartmentalization and motility, we propose that the early emergence of cellularity is required for environmental dispersal and diversification during these transitions. Early diversification and the emergence of ecology before LUCA could be an important pre-adaptation for life’s persistence on a changing planet. (Abstract)

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