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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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III. Organic Universe: An Animate, Conducive Cosmos

This extensive chapter highlights an interrelated constellation of findings as documentation as to why the universe is becoming ever more understood, once again, as innately biological in kind. A vision of conducive, amniotic spacescape for the emergence of ovular worlds, embryonic life, mind and self-aware, intelligent, creative beings on fertile bioplanets appears in our midst.

A. Quantum Cosmology

A grand convergence and unification of atomic and cosmic physics at the singularity origin of the universe has occurred over the past two decades. After the initial big bang and inflationary expansion, primordial quarks, muons, baryons and many other particles formed over eons into to nuclear elements and compounds. The slightest gravitational ripples led to coalescing galaxies and solar systems. Today, after centuries of observation and experiment from Galileo to satellite telescopes, a sensate earth through humankind achieves a comprehensive, “precision” understanding from the infinities of bosons and strings to a hypothetical multiverse. This fractal image is from the luminous Lunar Archives site: www.lunararchives.com and is titled Beginnings.

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1. Systems Physics

Most scientific other fields have made the turn from reduction to emergence such as Systems Biology, Genetics, Neuroscience, and even Systems Chemistry, as this website reports. While also having cataloged the myriad pieces and linear laws of its cosmic and material realms, physics seems stuck in the depths of matter, space and time. A Systems Physics or Cosmology turn has not similarly arisen to reassemble. A curious inversion occurs whence the pursuit that initiated human inquiry seems to be the last to reinvent itself. Twentieth century physical research expanded when black body radiation could not fit a Newtonian frame, which led Max Planck, Albert Einstein and colleagues into quantum and relativistic realms. At the same while, the particulate descent, due much to Niels Bohr, went from atoms, orbital electrons, to muons, leptons, bosons, quarks, on down.

But life and human was lost along the way. In the Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme PACS of the American Institute of Physics, biological dynamics do not appear until the very last. Akin to the 1900 anomaly, developmental self-organization from galaxies to genomes to Gaia will not be found in colliders or a string multiverse. Advocates such as Philip Anderson, Brian Josephson, Robert Laughlin, Lee Smolin, others, are trying to rise from a benthic theory of everything to a recurrent vitality everywhere. A Systems Physics to reunite a quantum and cosmos from which life, intelligence and personhood in community are meant to emerge is an overdue imperative.


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2. Quantum Complex Systems

As our worldwide humankind proceeds to learn on her/his own, credibly filling in an episodic development from universe to us, new phases of integral clarity are being achieved. The realm of subatomic phenomena was dubbed “quantum,” from the Latin for “amount,” by way of Max Planck’s realization, circa 1900, that energy waves are composed of discrete units akin to matter. For over a century, as physicists have tried to study and comprehend, with a stellar cast of Einstein, Bohr, Schrodinger, Bohm, and more, quantum “mechanics” became daunted with arcane such as entanglement, decoherence, double-slit experiments, dead or alive cats, uncertainty, and so on.

Around 2000 however, theorists began to articulate an informational component, along with algorithmic communication, as reported in An Information Computation Turn. In recent years this project has flourished with a quest for quantum computers. As the work proceeded, since the 2010s a recognition of complex network systems similarly present in this deep domain arose. This new section circa Spring 2014 will try to document the historic revision, as if now due to humankind a century later. As the citations attest, a more familiar description accrues akin to every other scale of nature and society. For one example, an international Network Science conference (NetSci 2014 search) has a “Quantum Network” symposia.

A further significance is to remove the artificial classical – quantum divide and disconnect. No longer a remote, intractable realm, which by its fundamental locus seemed to dim hopes of understanding anything, it is now brought into the fold as another, albeit basic, scale. In addition, as a recent series of Emergent Quantum Mechanics conferences have explored (EmQM11 & 13), this is where the turtles bottom out. What lies beneath is not another material stage but a strongly implied mathematical, implicate, generative source. Within our collaborative vista, many diverse pieces are at last coming into place. An appropriate name to engage this might then be "Quantome."

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3. 2015 ExoUniverse Studies

I began these musings in the early 1960s when even a point of cosmic origin was not known, starry galaxies were just found a few decades before. In the mid 2010s, a sign of worldwide scientific progress is a nascent ability to begin to quantify an infinite constellation of stochastic cosmoses. This new December 2015 section will collect and report upon novel theoretical entries to consider other universes in the most part for parameters and propensities to contain living entities like us. We include some lengthy Abstracts for a sense of the expertise and technical vernacular.

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B. An Organic Cosmos

A continuous thread seems to link together the events of the history of the Universe, from the Big Bang to the advent of Homo sapiens. The striking continuity of the general pattern of evolution suggests that the Universe was pregnant with life since beginning, and the biosphere was right from the start pregnant of mankind. Francesco Gaeta

This biospheric earthly realm, which became separated in theory from a cosmic physics in the past centuries, is lately, again, being found as a conducive, procreative substrate. Two aspects are involved – the roots of living systems spread ever deeper into a chemical ground, while base matter becomes spontaneously active. In the early 21st century a embryonic evolutionary gestation can be sighted from a singular origin to humankind’s worldwide sentience. This epochal revision and reanimation remains a mostly unrecognized achievement. These many annotated references increasingly reveal and aver an innately fertile, life-friendly, amniotic universe.

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1. Active Matter: The Reunion of Biology and Physics

This new section was added in 2013 to cover a growing flow of research papers across these sciences that find an integral affinity between quantum, condensed matter, many-body, statistical mechanics, and other physical fields, with life’s origin, organic physiology, anatomy, neural architecture and cognizance, and onto to dynamic ecosystems and human societies. An advocate is Nigel Goldenfeld who announced that “biology will become physics for the 21st century.” As a working phrase, Active Matter from Siram Ramaswamy is being used, for example, by Andrea Cavagna and Irene Giardina (2014) to describe bird flocks. A common aspect seems to be an implicate mathematical source that serves to structure and guide the gravid material spontaneity of a procreative evolution and history.

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2. Systems Chemistry

A section added in 2007 to gather novel advances in the nascent field of “supramolecular chemistry,” aka “constitutional dynamic and adaptive chemistry.” These terms, along with systems chemistry, are from the Nobel laureate Jean-Marie Lehn and colleagues to represent new appreciations of how the universal self-organizing principles are similarly being found to foster an emergent, nested complexity across chemical and biological precursor materialities.

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3. Universal Darwinism: An Astrobiological Spacescape

A new section in Autumn 2014 to gather an array of concurrent, parallel research methods that are lately employed to study a locally stochastic yet globally lawful nature. The working title comes from one aspect that finds an evolutionary self-organization and selective optimization to apply across the celestial reaches. The citations are drawn from many sections and convey the various interpretations.

By turns, Bayesian statistics or inference, genetic and algorithmic computations, Markov processes, neural connectionism, multiple variation and selective retention, iterative maximizations, and so on, are being found in effect from quantum and biological phases to planetary, solar and galactic realms. These procedures are explained in the references as they are applied is such fields as in neuroscience, systems biology, social psychology, and astrophysics.

As a surmise, a procreative emergence via many entities in communicative interaction, which constitute a universal complex adaptive system, seems in pursuit of an arrival and survival of the fittest, whether subatomic, prokaryotic, animal group, or aware bioplanet. The concept that these efforts seem trying to express might simply be a natural, universe to human, genetic code.

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C. The Information Computation Turn

(John Archibald) Wheeler’s appeal to information is symptomatic of a new approach to understanding the universe and the objects within it, including living things. This new approach may have the power to resolve many mysteries about quantum physics, life, and the universe. It’s a new view of science focused on the idea that information is the ultimate ‘substance’ from which all things are made. Tom Seigfried

Information, broadly conceived, is becoming recognized as a primary creative quality, along with and prior to matter and energy, space and time. As a rush of references from the mid 2000s going forward attest, such as James Gleick's opus, the realization of this textual dimension brings critical support for a genesis uniVerse. Key players are Stephen Wolfram, Gregory Chaitin, Gordana Dodig Crnkovic, and many others. With the 2012 Alan Turing celebrations, a general perception becomes a nature and cosmos that seems to compute itself into emergent existence. In some soft and hard ware analogous way, such a double domain appears again. Another aspect is an informational essence for fundamental quantum phenomena. The sequential rise of this immaterial quality through the evolutionary scale is considered in Emergent Genetic Information, and throughout the site.

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D. An Intrinsic Consciousness and Intelligence

.…western science is changing very rapidly now, toward an understanding of nature as alive, self-organizing, intelligent, conscious or sentient and participatory at all levels from subatomic particles and molecules to entire living planets, galaxies and the whole Cosmos…. Elisabet Sahtouris

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E. A Thermodynamics of Life

The sterile, mechanical universe of 19th century theories was conceived as a closed, isolated system tending to quiescent equilibrium. As predicted by the second law of thermodynamics, it must inexorably expire as all available energy is spent doing work and converted to entropy. The “noonday brilliance” of the human moment is thus for naught as philosopher Bertrand Russell wrote early in the 20th century. But a major revision is underway by which life has become known as an open system infused and organized by a sustaining flow of energy and information. The gloomy pronouncement has been superseded by far-from-equilibrium version, due much to Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine and colleagues, which can describe and qualify the florescent rise of life and its human phase. An effort to articulate a “fourth law of thermodynamics” counter to the second law is now in progress. Altogether these efforts explain a vital "physical" source for and impetus to biological and cultural evolution, which again serves to reunite organic beings with a conducive cosmos.

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F. Systems Cosmology: Fractal SpaceTimeMatter

The realms of physical matter, the spatial expanses of celestial raiment, and a temporal vector of evolution, are also being realized to deeply display a nonlinear, self-similar, dynamic organization. From quantum phenomena to interstellar clouds and galactic clusters, a fine grained, variegated yet analogous correspondence once is being found scientists and mathematicians worldwide. Here is still another way the encompassing cosmos of infinite procreative invariance becomes alive again. For one example, a 2012 paper that represents a breakthrough synthesis is “Network Cosmology” by Dmitri Krioukov and colleagues. This image is from the Fractales site at http://fractales.free.fr.

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G. Anthropic and Biotropic Principle

Since the 1970’s scientists have observed that many cosmic, atomic, chemical, and biomolecular parameters and constants seem to have precise values so that complex, sentient life can appear and evolve into observant human beings. These findings have led to an Anthropic Principle such that the presence of people in the universe serves to define and constrain the inherent properties it must have. Various “weak” or “strong” versions depend on how much credence or interpretation is given to these curious qualities.

The term Biotropic is here added to note an increasing realization that beyond exact nebulae and nuclear forces, the entire periodic table of some 100 stable elements seems quite tailored for you and me. Each element brings a vital contribution from the halides to manganese, calcium, the rare earths, and so on, for an innately developmental genesis uniVerse. Image Credit: MoonRunner Design UK at http://brattahlid.tripod.com/sw3-21web.htm.

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H. Systems Astrobiochemistry

As our special bioplanet Earth through cerebral humankind begins to explore its heavenly environs in space and time, this integral vista now implies a creative biological universe rich with emergent life and sentience. The section includes proceedings for international conferences on this field of study, which has converged upon the term Astrobiology. As the range of conditions where “life” can exist ever widens, a consensus is a celestial propensity for the presence of complex precursor biochemicals and pervasive microbial, unicellular life forms. But as ExoEarths also notes, contingent evolutionary pathways to intelligent, human-like observers remain under discussion. The section also documents the search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence. The image is from the NASA Ames Research Center posted at http://amesnews.arc.nasa.gov/releases/2002/02images/astrobiology/astrobio.html. On this webpage NASA states its vision: To Improve Life Here, To Extend Life There, To Find Life Beyond.

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I. ExoEarths Everywhere: A Heavenly Hatchery

In regard, for web reference sites you can Google: NASA Kepler Satellite, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and other centers, also Exoplanet encyclopedias, some listed here, for a wealth of information. By virtue of space and Earth telescope searches, braced by computational analysis, in the past years a grand new cosmos is revealed filled with as many orbital planets as there are sunny stars. A universal, innate propensity to form and evolve solar systems and exoworlds of every possible variety now seems evident. Circa 2012, it was predicted that bio-friendly Earth analogs in galactic and stellar habitable zones will soon be found.

While the above mission continues apace, by spring 2017 it seems that an occurrence of global, sapient intelligences is more tenuous. As recent entries here cite, studies have advanced to atmospheric, geological, continental, and terrestrial (bio)chemistry conditions, along with solar system and galaxy variations. The spatial and temporal occasion of our home Earth with a long evolution to collaborative peoples appears increasingly special and unique. For starters: 1. a planetary array in the same plane with circular orbits; 2. gas giant Jupiter moved inward and out to clear the usual close in jam; 3. a partition of land and ocean, rather than all dry or wet; 4. a stable yellow dwarf G star sun; 5. passage through a Gaian bottleneck to reach an optimum oxygen/nitrogen atmosphere. 6. a large moon in a good location for tidal motions; and so on.

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