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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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III. An Organic, Genomic, Conducive UniVerse

This extensive chapter highlights an interrelated constellation of findings as documentation as to why the universe is becoming ever more understood, once again, as innately biological in kind. A vision of conducive, amniotic spacescape for the emergence of ovular worlds, embryonic life, mind and self-aware, intelligent, creative beings on fertile bioplanets appears in our midst.

A. Quantum Cosmologies

I rewrite again this Quantum Cosmology introduction in 2018, some 14 years after this section first went online. Into the 21st century, by way of scientific revolution due to a worldwise collaborative humankind, epic understandings have been achieved of the depth and breadth of a multiUniVerse spacescape from which we sapient peoples appear meant to arise, wonder, observe and co-create. I’ve thought of separating into atomic and cosmic domains but as the many citations convey, they imply each other. The entries document advances in quantum phenomena, inflationary origins, nucleosynthesis, stellar evolution, gravitational waves onto the latest interstellar and galactic findings. How fantastic is it that human beings can altogether learn about these vistas. Further contributions can be found in ExoUniverse, Information, Thermodynamics, Systems Cosmology, Astrochemistry sections and throughout Natural Genesis.

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1. Systems Physics

Most scientific other fields have made the turn from reduction to emergence such as Systems Biology, Genetics, Neuroscience, and even Systems Chemistry, as this website reports. While also having cataloged the myriad pieces and linear laws of its cosmic and material realms, physics seems stuck in the depths of matter, space and time. A Systems Physics or Cosmology turn has not similarly arisen to reassemble. A curious inversion occurs whence the pursuit that initiated human inquiry seems to be the last to reinvent itself. Twentieth century physical research expanded when black body radiation could not fit a Newtonian frame, which led Max Planck, Albert Einstein and colleagues into quantum and relativistic realms. At the same while, the particulate descent, due much to Niels Bohr, went from atoms, orbital electrons, to muons, leptons, bosons, quarks, on down.

But life and human was lost along the way. In the Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme PACS of the American Institute of Physics, biological dynamics do not appear until the very last. Akin to the 1900 anomaly, developmental self-organization from galaxies to genomes to Gaia will not be found in colliders or a string multiverse. Advocates such as Philip Anderson, Brian Josephson, Robert Laughlin, Lee Smolin, others, are trying to rise from a benthic theory of everything to a recurrent vitality everywhere. A Systems Physics to reunite a quantum and cosmos from which life, intelligence and personhood in community are meant to emerge is an overdue imperative.


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2. Quantum Complex Systems

As our worldwide humankind proceeds to learn on her/his own, credibly filling in an episodic development from universe to us, new phases of integral clarity are being achieved. The realm of subatomic phenomena was dubbed “quantum,” from the Latin for “amount,” by way of Max Planck’s realization, circa 1900, that energy waves are composed of discrete units akin to matter. For over a century, as physicists have tried to study and comprehend, with a stellar cast of Einstein, Bohr, Schrodinger, Bohm, and more, quantum “mechanics” became daunted with arcane such as entanglement, decoherence, double-slit experiments, dead or alive cats, uncertainty, and so on.

Around 2000 however, theorists began to articulate an informational component, along with algorithmic communication, as reported in An Information Computation Turn. In recent years this project has flourished with a quest for quantum computers. As the work proceeded, since the 2010s a recognition of complex network systems similarly present in this deep domain arose. This new section circa Spring 2014 will try to document the historic revision, as if now due to humankind a century later. As the citations attest, a more familiar description accrues akin to every other scale of nature and society. For one example, an international Network Science conference (NetSci 2014 search) has a “Quantum Network” symposia.

A further significance is to remove the artificial classical – quantum divide and disconnect. No longer a remote, intractable realm, which by its fundamental locus seemed to dim hopes of understanding anything, it is now brought into the fold as another, albeit basic, scale. In addition, as a recent series of Emergent Quantum Mechanics conferences have explored (EmQM11 & 13), this is where the turtles bottom out. What lies beneath is not another material stage but a strongly implied mathematical, implicate, generative source. Within our collaborative vista, many diverse pieces are at last coming into place. An appropriate name to engage this might then be "Quantome."

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3. Novel ExoUniverse Studies

I began these musings in the early 1960s when even a point of cosmic origin was not known, starry galaxies were just found a few decades before. In the mid 2010s, a sign of worldwide scientific progress is a nascent ability to begin to quantify an infinite constellation of stochastic cosmoses. This new December 2015 section will collect and report upon novel theoretical entries to consider other universes in the most part for parameters and propensities to contain living entities like us. We include some lengthy Abstracts for a sense of the expertise and technical vernacular.

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B. An Animate Natural Genesis Ecosmos

A continuous thread seems to link together the events of the history of the Universe, from the Big Bang to the advent of Homo sapiens. The striking continuity of the general pattern of evolution suggests that the Universe was pregnant with life since beginning, and the biosphere was right from the start pregnant of mankind. Francesco Gaeta

This biospheric earthly realm, which became separated in theory from a cosmic physics in the past centuries, is lately, again, being found as a conducive, procreative substrate. Two aspects are involved – the roots of living systems spread ever deeper into a chemical ground, while base matter becomes spontaneously active. In the early 21st century a embryonic evolutionary gestation can be sighted from a singular origin to humankind’s worldwide sentience. This epochal revision and reanimation remains a mostly unrecognized achievement. These many annotated references increasingly reveal and aver an innately fertile, life-friendly, amniotic universe.

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1. Reunion of Biology and Physics: Active Matter

This new section was added in 2013 to cover a growing flow of research papers across these sciences that find an integral affinity between quantum, condensed matter, many-body, statistical mechanics, and other physical fields, with life’s origin, organic physiology, anatomy, neural architecture and cognizance, and onto to dynamic ecosystems and human societies. An advocate is Nigel Goldenfeld who announced that “biology will become physics for the 21st century.” As a working phrase, Active Matter from Siram Ramaswamy is being used, for example, by Andrea Cavagna and Irene Giardina (2014) to describe bird flocks. A common aspect seems to be an implicate mathematical source that serves to structure and guide the gravid material spontaneity of a procreative evolution and history.

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2. Systems Chemistry

A section added in 2007 to gather novel advances in the nascent field of “supramolecular chemistry,” aka “constitutional dynamic and adaptive chemistry.” These terms, along with systems chemistry, are from the Nobel laureate Jean-Marie Lehn and colleagues to represent new appreciations of how the universal self-organizing principles are similarly being found to foster an emergent, nested complexity across chemical and biological precursor materialities.

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3. Universal Evolutionism: An Astrobiological Spacescape

This is a new section in Autumn 2014 to gather some concurrent viewpoints which study nature’s apparent method of local stochastic contingency with globally predictable lawfulness, aka blind variation and selective retention. What distinguishes these entries is an expansive application of this evolutionary process across the temporal dynamic cosmos. The endeavor is generally known as Universal Darwinism – search the phrase for John O. Campbell’s website for entries such as Richard Dawkins, Lee Smolin, Susan Blackmore, Wojciech Zurek, along with links. Our subtitle draws from Milan Cirkovic’s 2012 innovative work herein.

This Western view is now being complemented by a Russian version via publications in a substantial Evolution almanac from Volgograd, see Leonid Grinin, et al below. But this alternative Eastern school does not hold to the olden Darwinian scheme. Rather, an innately organic cosmos is seen to develop as a Universal Evolutionism, life’s emergent advance is due to independent, self-organization systems in prior effect before post-selection. This is a salient distinction and difference, which aligns well with our Natural Genesis persuasion. Again in both cases almost everyone is a man, so the whole scenario needs a woman’s visionary wisdom to bring it to geonate and cosmonate fulfillment.

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C. The Information Computation Turn

Into the 21st century, in tandem with computer science, the concept of information, broadly conceived from algorithms to knowledge, is becoming recognized as a primary creative quality, along with and prior to physical matter and energy, space and time. As a rush of references from the mid 2000s attest, such as James Gleick's opus, the such a textual dimension brings critical support for an organic genesis uniVerse. In a variety of ways, cosmic nature to human culture gains a robust informational-computational identity. A general perception from Alan Turing to Stephen Wolfram and Gregory Chaitin to Gordana Dodig-Gordana, Luciano Floridi and Wolfgang Hofkircher, many others, is a universe that seems to independently program, compute and iterate into a vital, emergent, cognizance. By some analogous soft and hard ware facility, a double, generative mathematical domain appears again. A further aspect is an informational essence found to distinguish quantum phenomena, which is covered in the next section.

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1. Quantum Participatory (QBism) Information

This 2017 subsection grew out of Quantum Cosmology and Information Computation entries and elsewhere as it became evident that along with Complex System features (prior section) quantum realms possess a distinct informational quality. While intimated in the 1980s and 1990s by the sage physicist John Archibald Wheeler, Rolf Landauer, David Deutsch, and others, initial 21st century perceptions were of two kinds. The 2000 work Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang was mainly about mechanics, qubits, Shannon communications and so on. This school continues apace with many volumes such as Quantum Computer Science by David Mermin (2007) and Quantum Information Theory by Mark Wilde (2nd ed. 2017).

But the other turn sought deeper insights whence natural quantum phenomena is most distinguished by a prescriptive essence. An initial entry may be the 2003 paper Characterizing Quantum Theory in Terms of Information-Theoretic Constraints by Rob Clifton, Jeffery Bub and Hans Halverson, along with by Gennaro Auletta’s 2005 Quantum Information. In 2010 Vlatko Vedral wrote Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information. Later works by Christopher Timpson (2013), Giulio Chiribella, Giacomo D’Ariano, again David Deutsch with Chiara Marletto, Andrei Khrennikov (Foundations of Physics) grew into an expansive model as cited herein.

A collection about nature’s communicative content, as it may pass from a programmable universe to retrospective observations, is an apropos place for J. A. Wheeler’s overall arc of It (sentient entities) from Bit (originally Byte, a code-like basis). His novel theory was that a quantum reality requires some manner of self-aware “measurement, witness, recognition,” to try to gloss, to come into full manifestation. By 2017, this intimation has become a popular default view (Edward Witten interview) for it contains at once an informational source while giving emergent human beings a central role. An embodiment is the Quantum Bayesian or QBism approach advanced by Christopher Fuchs and colleagues, search here and the arXiv preprint site, whence our cognitive inquiries proceed and gain clarity by iterative, more probable, estimations.

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D. An Intrinsic Consciousness and Intelligence

.…western science is changing very rapidly now, toward an understanding of nature as alive, self-organizing, intelligent, conscious or sentient and participatory at all levels from subatomic particles and molecules to entire living planets, galaxies and the whole Cosmos…. Elisabet Sahtouris

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E. A Thermodynamics of Life

The sterile, mechanical universe of 19th century theories was conceived as a closed, isolated system tending to quiescent equilibrium. As predicted by the second law of thermodynamics, it must inexorably expire as all available energy is spent doing work and converted to entropy. The “noonday brilliance” of the human moment is thus for naught as philosopher Bertrand Russell wrote early in the 20th century. But a major revision is underway by which life has become known as an open system infused and organized by a sustaining flow of energy and information. The gloomy pronouncement has been superseded by far-from-equilibrium version, due much to Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine and colleagues, which can describe and qualify the florescent rise of life and its human phase. An effort to articulate a “fourth law of thermodynamics” counter to the second law is now in progress. Altogether these efforts explain a vital "physical" source for and impetus to biological and cultural evolution, which again serves to reunite organic beings with a conducive cosmos.

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1. Quantum Thermodynamics

As I have noted on occasion, my 1960 degree is in engineering thermodynamics from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, now NYU Poly. Back then long ago the field was mainly about the three laws for steam power plants. In 1987 I had lunch at a complexity conference with Ilya Prigogine, the prime founder of a later turn to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. This Thermodynamics of Life section seeks to report and document such 20th century advances as they continued to flourish in the 2000s. Since around 2010, aided by Internet worldwide collaborations, such studies of energy source, usage, dissipation, and began to merge with quantum mechanical physics via common theoretical convergences. Into the later 2010s, these composite endeavors have spread to an extent and depth to now merit their own subsection.

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2. An Autocatalytic Ecosmos

This new section (January 2018) is added to gather and report into the later 2010s an increasing notice of how a natural universe to human evolutionary genesis ought to be appreciated in some way as containing deep, intrinsic propensities for life’s self initiation, emergent organization, and sentient procreation. As popularly known, a catalyst is a chemical agent which can effect a reaction without being changed in the process. An autocatalytic term has become a general identifier for this procedure, and has gained wide usage because something like this is actually seems to be going on. A premier, pioneer theorist since the 1970s is Stuart Kauffman (search) which he has articulated in many books and collegial papers to this day. Lately the concept is being advanced by biomathematicians such as Wim Hordijk and Michael Steel, along with Liane Gabora, Nathaniel Virgo, Guenther Witzany, Sara Walker, Leroy Cronin, Addy Pross, and other advocates herein. We will collect in this dedicated subsection entries about a self-making natural genesis as it reaches our worldwide realization.

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F. Systems Cosmology: Fractal SpaceTimeMatter

In addition to many scientific entries since the section went online in 2004, in these later 2010s we can report a topological turn in condensed matter physics, see Natalie Wolchover’s survey, and the 2016 Nobel Physics Prize. A clever mathematics and geometry variously known as Fractons (Jonathan Haah, et al) is commencing to theorize and represent nature’s intrinsic, heretofore elusive, structural forms and interconnections. Thus a systems cosmology phrase is posed akin to biology and all else. Some four centuries later Galileo Galilei would be quite pleased.

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G. An Anthropic, Biotropic, Ecotropic Principle

Since the 1970’s scientists have observed that many cosmic, atomic, chemical, and biomolecular parameters and constants seem to have precise values so that complex, living systems can appear and evolve into observant human beings. These findings have led to an Anthropic Principle such that the presence of people in this universe serves to define and constrain the inherent properties it must have. Various “weak” or “strong” versions depend on how much credence or interpretation is given to these curious qualities. We add Biotropic and Ecotropic to place our abide on a living planet and note that beyond exact nebulae and nuclear forces, the periodic table of some 100 stable elements, along with myriad chemicals, seems engendered for a uniVerse to human genesis. See also An Earthropic Principle in Part VII, Section C about an increasing notice in the later 2010s that this habitable home within a planet-filled ecosmos may be uniquely special. Image Credit: MoonRunner Design UK at http://brattahlid.tripod.com/sw3-21web.htm.

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H. Astrobiochemistry to Astrobiology

As our special bioplanet Earth through cerebral humankind begins to explore its heavenly environs in space and time, this integral vista now implies a creative biological universe rich with emergent life and sentience. The section includes proceedings for international conferences on this field of study, which has converged upon the term Astrobiology. As the range of conditions where “life” can exist ever widens, a consensus is a celestial propensity for the presence of complex precursor biochemicals and pervasive microbial, unicellular life forms. But as ExoEarths also notes, contingent evolutionary pathways to intelligent, human-like observers remain under discussion. The section also documents the search for extraterrestrial life and intelligence. The image is from the NASA Ames Research Center posted at http://amesnews.arc.nasa.gov/releases/2002/02images/astrobiology/astrobio.html. On this webpage NASA states its vision: To Improve Life Here, To Extend Life There, To Find Life Beyond.

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I. ExoEarths Everywhere: A Cosmic Census

As a starter, for web reference sites you can Google: NASA Kepler Satellite, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and other centers, along with Exoplanet encyclopedias, some listed here, for a wealth of information. By virtue of space and Earth telescope searches, braced by instrumental and computational analysis, in the past years a grand new cosmos has been revealed that is filled with as many orbital planets as there are sunny stars. A universal, innate propensity to form and evolve solar systems and exoworlds of every possible variety now seems prolifically evident. Circa 2012, it was predicted that bio-friendly Earth analogs in galactic and stellar habitable zones will soon be found.

While this worldwide mission continues apace, by later 2017 it seems that a common occurrence of sapient intelligences and civilizations is becoming much more contingent and tenuous, which is especially documented in Greatest Earth. However, we can now report an expansive and extensive new phase of an exoplanetology field o study every aspect of myriad worlds such as surface to core geochemistry, elemental metallicity, continental mantles, liquid and gaseous atmospheres, moons, host star systems for mobile smaller rocky, Super-Earths, mini-Neptunes to gas giants and so on. These copious studies then intend to access degrees of habitability for microbial to complex life forms. So we coin the phrase A Cosmic Census for these heavenly neighborhood frontiers.

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