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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
Table of Contents
Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
Recent Additions

VI. Earth Life Emergence: Development of Body, Brain, Selves and Societies

With evidence in place for an organic conducive macro-cosmos, (Part III) and an overall evolutionary developmental gestation (Part V), this extensive chapter goes on to document how its independent, genetic-like complex self-organizing system (Part IV) becomes exemplified for each micro strata, phase, and entity. It opens with Universal Principles that can now be gleaned and distilled as they manifestly repeat and reiterate everywhere. Life’s Nested Gestation of anatomy and physiology is chronicled in nine sections from fractal geology to a Gaian biosphere. Subsequent modules then record a progressive cognition, sentience and self-recognition, as brain and mind rises in tandem with body. Human beings and humankind altogether are similarly found to represent individually and collectively the universal complementary code.

A. Universal Principles

Many references which introduce and describe common principles and phenomena are cited in Parts III: Organic Universe, IV: A Cosmic Code and V: A Quickening Evolution. This natural genesis found by a worldwide science develops from a singular, independent creative system distinguished by agent and relation, individual and group, masculine and feminine-like complements. Their dynamic activity gives rise to an emergent, self-organized evolutionary nest of complexity and sentience. In this manner, the universal source becomes manifestly exemplified at each stage of a living nature. From non-random genomes to desert biotas, human commerce, global climate, and the interstellar raiment, the same pattern and process repeats over and over. Modularity, symbiosis, autopoiesis, complementarity, synchronicity, self-similarity, scale-free, power-law networks occur in every instance.

This section will also host references that advocate an historic shift of focus and attention, variously known as the relational turn, systems thinking, interactivism, and so on, from material particles, components, or objects alone, to equally real dynamic, creative interconnections. Please see A Symbiotic Self for more such entries with a psychological emphasis.

As noted above, Part VI: Earth Life Emergence will report how self-organizing complex adaptive systems are in effect everywhere from universe to human. A natural cosmos which springs from and epitomizes a gender creativity forms the essence of traditional wisdom. Its 21st century rediscovery reveals a luminous property by which this extant realm seems made to be known. The Sustainable Ecovillage section of Part VII: A Genesis Future will offer an example a new earthly abide guided by these salutary principles.

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B. The Nested Gestation of Communal Creatures

A tour of the sequential, multilevel scale of animate entities from their geological substrate to a self-regulating bioplanet. The import conveyed here is that each phase such as Microbial Colonies or Dynamic Ecosystems, as a paradigm shift in each domain, is becoming found and understood to express in form and process the independent self-organizing principles.

1. Geosphere and Atmosphere

All aspects of earthspheres from land, sea and sky are just the same being found to exhibit and be formed by invariant, self-organized topologies from rivers, deltas, coastlines, continents, and earthquakes to the cascade dynamics of fractal weather patterns. See also Global Climate as a Complex Dynamical System for even more.

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2. The Origin of Life

Around 1960 when I began my readings, an opaque discontinuity stood between the presence of evolving earth life and the extant physical cosmos. In the years since and especially the last decade the dissonance has been mostly bridged. Researchers have reconstructed many of the primordial components and steps such as rudimentary genetic molecules and protocell vesicles. Three main features are now seen to define living systems – a vital metabolism, bounded compartments, and information programs. A significant advance has been to identify the universal self-organizing dynamics at work in the guise of autocatalytic networks, hypercycles, autopoiesis, and so on. By these lights the occasion of emergent life, mind and selves can be ever more deeply rooted in an increasingly fertile, amniotic universe.

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3. Microbial Colonies

Individual bacteria, such as the amoeba or paramecium we met in school, were long thought to act as isolated, competive entities. But as lately advised by the nonlinear theories, microbes are now understood to exist and prosper within social assemblies engaged in constant chemical dialogue. Such microbial communities are often seen as an exemplary model of a complex adaptive system. This image of a self-organizing bacterial community is from the website (http://star.tau.ac.il/~eshel/gallery.html) of the prime researcher in this regard Eshel Ben Jacob, Maguy-Glass Chair in Physics of Complex Systems at Tel Aviv University, Israel.

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4. The Symbiotic Cell

A good example of the independent principles in effect, both in their discrete components, formative dynamics and modular division of labor, is the occurrence of nucleated eukaryotic cells. Rather than due to gradual Darwinian trial and error, this level of life actually evolved by the symbiotic merger of diverse, modular, mutually beneficial prokaryotic bacteria into bounded, whole entities. Over time disparate microbes provided mobility, digestion, oxygen tolerance and other functions which altogether formed a viable cellular unit. The pioneer researcher and valiant advocate since the 1970's of this now accepted understanding is Lynn Margulis (1938-2011) late professor of microbiology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

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5. Multicellular Organisms

Impelled by self-organization and selection, unitary cells continuted to complexify, associate and combine into larger multicellular communities. In so doing, diverse, modular organs were formed which altogether evolved into unitary variegated, mobile, oxygen-breathing, land-living creatures with nervous systems, brains and proactive behavior.

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6. Cooperative Societies

As multicellular animals evolved in somatic and cerebral intricacy, they ever increasingly gathered into social assemblies. A major revision of evolutionary theory over the past few years has been the realization that Darwinian competitive survival of the fittest is mediated by and in fact secondary to an inherent proclivity for mutual cooperation. This effect is variously known as quorum sensing or reciprocal altruism, and is founded on a salutary complementarity of individual and community. As a result, these metabolic and cognitive groupings, with rudimentary properties of an organism, are then perceived as a new level of selection. A tacit, albeit precarious, balance of conflict and accord, often along gender lines, is now seen to distinguish and enhance animal societies, especially within the primate phylum. This natural attribute of competitive coherence, creative union, mutual aid, and so on is further seen as a universal principle that serves evolving life from microbes to ecovillages.

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7. Dynamic Ecosystems

Intricate natural environments such as rainforests, prairies, coral reefs, and every biota are no longer held to seek an equilibrium or balance state, but to exemplify self-organizing, complex adaptive systems and nested networks in constant flux over many invariant scales from biofilm microbes to communities of organisms to whole bioregions. These novel understandings of dynamic ecosystems of flora, fauna, and their resident realms are aiding our human respectful endeavors to maintain and foster their viability.

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8. Appearance of Homo Sapiens

Evolutionary and complex system perspectives are also increasingly employed by the fields of primate studies, archaeology and anthropology to better explain how simians became hominids and social humans. This emergence is believed to occur through a co-evolution of increasing brain size, dexterous tool making and especially social interactions facilitated by language abilities. Once again the learning sequence we have seen for many other fields is repeated for these endeavors. An initial phase of applying an evolutionary source in the 1980's and 1990's is presently being expanded and superseded by the ubiquitous nonlinear complexity theories. Who then are we collaborative humankind to finally arrive and commence on this retrospective? What is a self-revealing genesis universe trying to learn and achieve through our phenomenal education, witness and co-creation?

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9. A Living Planet

Earth’s biosphere is now known to have regulated itself for some billion years in a homeostatic fashion so as to sustain favorable atmospheric and geochemical conditions for life’s continued survival. Since the 1970's, the British geochemist James Lovelock, with Lynn Margulis and many others, have provided theoretical and experimental support for life as a planetary phenomenon. Lovelock's country neighbor, the author William Golding, suggested the name of the earth goddess Gaia. The concept has received intense scrutiny, often rejection, over past decades but is now generally understood and accepted as an innovative model. Its proof is an actual worthwhile service to global ecological research programs. This section also contains references for the field of Earth systems science and Earth’s formative history.

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C. A Quickening Encephalization and Sensibility

The nested, recurrent stages of skeletal, anatomic complexity from life's origin to we peoples just surveyed can then be seen by our worldwide compass to facilitate a progressive encephalization, the embryonic body gains a bilateral brain. Metazoan creatures across invertebrate, aquatic, amphibian, reptilian, avian and mammalian scales evolve a mosaic, modular cerebral capacity, enhanced communicative cognition, proactive behavior, relative consciousness and in this human phase a communal, reflective corpus of remembered knowledge.

1. The Evolution of Brain Anatomy and Cognizance

While a general increase in bodily complexity and dexterity from trilobites to humans is admitted, what is in tandem process (and there really is something going on) is an essential ramification of cerebral capacities. By attributes of bilateral asymmetry, semi-specialized modules, which array in concerted and mosaic modes, crowned by a frontal lobe neocortex, brains evolve by much expanding the size of these components in place from the earliest neural stirrings. This steady course of life’s encephalization adds a further component to trace a central evolutionary axis and vector.

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2. Animal Intelligence and Awareness

As these anatomical, physiological, and neural faculties evolve and ramify they further achieve an increased measure of cognitive acumen and retained memory, appropriate to an organism’s certain ecological niche. Before the 21st century, a standard, preferred view was that only humans possessed a conscious knowledge. Animals were automatons, and treated as such. A revolutionary advance since is the admission and quantification of the presence of similar, relative intelligence, sentience and self-cognizance coursing throughout the entire animal kingdom from primates to dolphins, crows, parrots, zebra fish, to colonial invertebrates. The late Donald Griffin of Harvard University was a pioneer advocate of clever creatures, as our furry, feathery, finned companions teach us each day, which has now been robustly proven.

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3. An Emergent Bicameral Brain

Another notable aspect of the vectorial evolutionary rise of encephalization and sentience is the appearance of an asymmetrical brain into left and right hemispheres. Each bicameral half has characteristic abilities of a finer detail or coarser spatial focus. Until recently these features were thought to only be evident in humans. But new research findings of the past decade has identified common, similar bilateral qualities throughout the animal kingdom from primates to birds, reptiles, amphibians, and even invertebrates and insects. To this 2002 cover volume, we add the 2013 work Divided Brains to confirm this remarkable discovery. By this cerebral complementarity, the universal creative system is equally manifest in our cognitive faculties.

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D. The Ascent of Genetic Information: DNA/AND

In Part III, The Information Computation Turn, we saw how space, time, matter and energy is becoming seen as suffused by an informative, program-like quality. Part IV, Cosmic Code, went on to document such an independent procreative system, while Part V, A Quickening Evolution, reported humankind’s nascent integral synthesis of the oriented, gestation of life, mind and self-cognizance. This extensive Part VI, Earth Life Emergence, will attempt to show how these innate, genetic-like, complementary principles are in similar manifestation everywhere. To continue this scenario, its most familiar exemplar, of course, is the genome code that informs the form, function and life span of every organism and person. Since circa 2001, with the sequencing of the human genome, a whole scale revision has been underway as to what constitutes genetic phenomena, broadly considered, which is still being worked out. This section will try to chronicle the many concerted efforts, see also Systems Biology and Genetics above.

While the last half of the 20th century from the 1953 DNA double helix sought to find the nucleotide and associated biomolecules, as readers know, a “systems” turn has begun to study the equally present dynamic regulatory networks that connect all the pieces. In regard, what defines a “gene” is still in abeyance, e. g. strings of codons. With this expansion, a new aspect known as “epigenetics” has opened opens to many external, environmental influences in effect beyond a point molecular locus. So once again the universal complex archetypes of a discrete elemental mode - DNA, along with the interactive relations - AND, with their informative content and communication, are well exemplified.

With these advances, as readers know a multitude of “-omics” have sprung up and taken across every organic scientific field and stage. Proteome, metabolome, cellular interactome, a neural connectome, are among many, each distinguished by an interplay of nodes and links. Thus an emergent genetic phenomena accrues as a fertile cosmos becomes graced with a genome-like essence everywhere. As an example, the popular “major evolutionary transitions” emergence by John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary (search & shown next) whence life’s episodic procession from suitable biochemicals to our human phase is at each step facilitated by a novel informative basis. Its linguistic version, one could even say “languagome,” is covered in A Cultural Code.

Stage Process Carrier
Atomic chemical compounds amino acids
Molecular genomic system deoxyribonucleotides
Symbiotic intercellular communication eukaryotic cells
Organism epigenetic dynamics mammals
Neuronal neural networks CNS and brains
Primate signal based protolanguage chimpanzees
Humankind language and knowledge people

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1. Paleogenomics, Gaiagenomics, Cosmogenomics

This 2015 section is posted to gather novel advances of genetic research as human beings proceed to decipher, sequence and avail nature’s cosmos to children code. By this vista, a temporal “paleo” evolutionary retrospect, a current breadth of biospheric creatures from insects to sapiens, and a spatial “cosmo” milieu from universe to us can be perceived. As the entries describe, incipient attempts began in the 1980s and 1990s to recreate the DNA genomes of hominids and primates. After the 2001 Human Genome project, aided by sophisticated instruments and computer informatics, it became increasingly possible to sequence any present or past entity from Neanderthals and monkeys to dinosaurs and invertebrates. A revolutionary new method and window is thus opened for our whole scale evolutionary reconstruction.

A companion effort is the ENCODE: Encyclopedia of DNA Elements project, which began in 2003 and proceeds apace with extensive, advanced genome sequencing. In February 2015 a similar discernment of the multifaceted Human Epigenome was announced. Together with the molecular nucleotide substrate, this much expanded appreciation of genetic phenomena promises many benefits. If we might reflect upon and extrapolate these august abilities, scollaborative human beings over the Earth seem to be the universe’s way, billions of years on, to achieve a whole-scale self-sequence its own natural genetic code.

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2. The Deep Affinity of Genomes and Languages

Around 1970, the linguist Roman Jakobson and biopsychologist Jean Piaget opined that these prime informational domains ought to have common similarities. The common phrase Book of Life, along with analogous usage of language terms in genetics went on even earlier. Over the subsequent decades, as gathered here, the parallels grew in veracity and value, often serving as insightful comparisons. We now enter this 2016 section because several recent contributions strongly confirm, as naturally should be, an innate similarity. A March 2016 issue of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A on “DNA as Information” (search Cartwright) braces this result by novel rootings of genome phenomena in nature’s mathematics, physics and chemistry. As our worldwise humankinder personsphere arises to learn on her/his own, a truly textual, poetic code script narrative, the Magnum Opus quest of perennial tradition, is at last being fulfilled, revealed and proven.

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3. Genome Complex Systems

As a worldwise sapiensphere proceeds to learn on her/his own, we add this new section, akin to Quantum CS, Systems Neuroscience and others, because an increasing number of studies are coming to view and treat genetic phenomena by way of common informational self-organized, complex modular systems. In our current -omics age, just as quantome, neurome, languagome, and cosmome, whole genomes are being found exemplify the universal, independent mathematical source. DNA nucleotides + AND regulatory networks across dynamic scales serves to form and guide ourselves, each creature, life’s evolutionary gestation, and a celestial ovoGenesis. Earlier, precursor work is included along with frontier contributions as this significant domain becomes rooted in an encompassing physical cosmos as it becomes more alive and informed.

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E. An Enhanced Individuality

Evolutionary transitions in individuality may provide the clearest examples of multilevel selection in nature. Canonical cases are the aggregation of prokaryotic cells into eukaryotic cells, cells into multicellular organisms, and multicellular organisms into colonies or societies. In each case, the dominant level of selection, and the level which is most “individuated,” shifted from the members to the aggregate as a whole. Carl Simpson, “The Evolution of Reproduction during Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality”

As bodily complexity, proactive cerebral intelligence and represented knowledge proceeds in evolution, another quality and directional parameter is each organism’s self-awareness and sense of personal identity. From our retrospect, the arc of life’s emergent genesis might be seen as a long, embryonic stirring toward a conception an individual, and collective, selfhood. And lately we seem to have reached the verge of a cognizant global individuation, a planetary progeny.

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F. New Parallels of Phylogeny and Ontogeny: Universal Gestation

In the 19th century, before and sometime after Darwin's The Origin of Species, a recapitulation between an organism’s embryonic development and the evolutionary course of species was widely accepted. The comparison was discarded around 1900 as anatomical studies came to find contradictions to the older close parallels. Today after a century of intensive, quantified research, a much better understanding of and broad agreement between ontogenetic development and phylogenetic evolution is accepted in several areas. In addition to fetal gestation, its necessary occurrence is recognized for cognitive, behavioral and especially linguistic qualities. From our late retrospect, the entirety of earth life’s somatic, cerebral and societal evolution increasingly seems to take on the similar appearance to the development, motor learning, mental achievement, and acquisition of language of a human individual. The title phrase "universal gestation" is said to represent this 19th century natural philosophy view, in which Charles Darwin was immersed. So a grand accord, as every other age and cultures knows, may again be realized between personal and planet, a vital discovery by humankinder.

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G. Integral Persons

As we now reach our very own ourselves in this long evolutionary traverse, it is worthwhile once more to review the website’s outline. Parts III, IV and V documented an amniotic cosmos, its genetic-like code, and life’s embryonic quickening on Earth. This extensive Part VI goes on to report how each nested phase from geological strata to whole humankind reflects the universal complementary system in its discrete and relational modes and their spiral path of self-making.
The present multi-section considers how human beings appear as a true microcosmic exemplar, this time set in a temporal procreation. Our personal development of body, brain and education from infancy on, regnant awareness, gender identity, modular personalities, and lifelong course of individuation, each express the archetypal, genomic icon. And notably, from what humankind is learning about its constituent members, phenomenal people are meant to appreciate themselves as co-participants in a greater genesis.

1. Systems Physiology and Psychology: Somatic and Behavioral Development

By a novel “developmental systems theory” approach, cited herein, the same complex dynamics found to self-organize cosmos and evolution seem to be in similar effect to guide an infant’s and child’s advance in bodily maturation, visual perception, kinetic agility, behavior and sequential stages of cognition.

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2. Systems Neuroscience: Complex Network Form and Critical Function

The broad field of neuroscience has similarly found the principles of complex self-organization to equally apply to a brain’s anatomical and physiological development, form and function, via its dynamic hierarchy of neural networks, modules, and its global workspace integration. In the 2010s, an “omics” mode has been dubbed a “connectome.” This large section, reflecting much worldwide research activity, might be seen as a late realization that any organism’s brain, and our emergent human phase, is a grand exemplary microcosmic “embrainment” of this macrocosmic independent, complementary archetypes.

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3. A Complementary Brain and Thought Process

Earlier on An Emergent Bicameral Brain reported the evolutionary roots of reciprocal cerebral faculties across the animal kingdoms. This section records their distinct presence in human beings with distinct left and right hemispheres, and in a "dual-process theory" of cognitive activity. As initiated in the 1960’s by Roger Sperry’s Nobel Prize work, a person’s possesses characteristic bilateral right holistic or left analytical modes. After decades of clinical study since, now aided by neuroimaging abilities, a new plane of robust verification has been achieved. In general, a left side emphasis on finer, discrete objects out of context, and a right penchant for connecting the dots within an encompassing field, is affirmed. A litany could be cited - agent and relation, entity and empathy, part and whole, as of course male and female. And in support of a universal genesis, this august 21st century confirmation locates these archetypal complements in our very own mind, in the brain’s cerebral architecture and performance.

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4. The Advent of Conscious Knowledge

Due much, it is said, to the 17th century Cartesian divorce of mind from body, conscious awareness was long set aside as a spurious epiphenomenon. With recent advances in philosophies of mind and scientific capabilities, consciousness has become a legitimate subject for quantified research and validation. A knowing sentience is now perceived to arise through life's long evolution, as noted earlier in Animal Intelligence and Awareness, in similar fashion for each person before birth to adulthood, and constantly in a human brain from quanta to intellect. Additional aspects and inputs in regard were noted in Part III, An Emergent Consciousness and Intelligence. As these references attest, it is most characterized and facilitated by a proactive informational content. The image is from an international conference held at the University of Arizona.

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5. Sophia Sapiens: Gender Complements

As we continue to consider individual persons, the most significant feature of a life is, of course, ones gender. Surely an aspect that is historically, and presently, replete with misunderstanding and injustice. But in a 21st century, as this section and site affirms, via our worldwide humankind, a natural, cosmic basis for a feminine and masculine egalitarian complementary may at last be established. As discussed in A Universal Genetic Code and elsewhere, the independent creative system is composed of a dynamic interplay of relational connections and elemental agents, akin to the principles of anima and animus. In traditional form they appear as a female, maternal penchant for empathic cooperation and a male, paternal tendency for agental competition. These divisions of labor and aptitudes, mediated by parenting role, align with context and autonomy, group network or discrete individual, empathy or entity.

We do not seek to define or categorize; as epitomized by Yin and Yang each mode is leavened by a degree of the other. Nor is an intent to put in place a feminine counterpoint, rather as the latest neuroscience finds, women in their cerebral capacity women are more bicamerally balanced that men, using both dot and connection sides of the brain in unison. Thus we introduce the phrase Sophia Sapiens. The goal of personal (and collective) psychic individuation is then their integral balance or marriage. These traits will appear later on as interdependence and independence on an international sphere and a group/member guide for sustainable ecovillages.

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6. A Symbiotic Self

Over the last century, the field of psychology has sought to clarify and understand our human panoply of mental domains, behaviors, emotions, and so on, with increasing reference to their neuroanatomical, biochemical and genetic substrates. A prime concern, often equated with Sigmund Freud, was to identify and mitigate the psychic maladies that inflict night and day. In an initial analytic stage, the endeavor segmented into many subsets and factions, which along with its subject matter inhibited general theories. In the 1980s a confluence of neuroscience, linguistics, cognition, artificial intelligence, and philosophy, became known as cognitive science. Humanistic and transpersonal psychologies in their turn sought to shift the focus from illness to positive enhancement.

This fraught project has often divided into camps of nature vs. nurture. One side, under rubrics such as nativism, essentialism or rationalism, argues that innate, preset programs govern. The other, variously as behaviorism, constructivism or empiricism, contends people are mostly molded by external influences and make life up as they go along. The two approaches are converging on an obvious middle ground where both make a contribution. But such psychological studies have labored without a unifying vision that could (re)connect person and cosmos. Recently an “evolutionary psychology” seeks Darwinian roots for the vagaries of paternal investment, mate choice, altruism, territoriality, rank, consumption, prejudice and so on. Investigators then conceive mental capacity as a congress of “modules” or “mental organs,” each evolved to compute and solve an adaptive problem or handle a novel activity. The effort is beset with factions and contention, as sources report. A sense of humankind’s common project to reconstruct how its members came to think, feel and behave could bring a palliative rapport. And as observers note, such knowledge of ourselves does not determine but can in fact liberate.

A conceptual integration within a genesis cosmology again draws upon the sciences of complexity, which finally promises an understanding of our diverse human mores. The integral psyche is seen to mature and be sustained by the same self-organized, fractal network dynamics as the development of the living universe. Ones selfhood can be likened to an autopoietic system constantly referring to, maintaining and creating its own, viable identity. It is not difficult to perceive the same generative pattern of symbiotic union which makes up a coherent personality as that which constitutes the nucleated cell.

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7. Archetypal Psychology

Throughout our lives, we are always participating in a biological and spiritual individuation process that has taken billions of years. Helene Shulman

This review of human somatic and neural development, a gender mutuality, and self-organized personality can now engage our dynamic, arduous, lifelong course of psychic individuation. In this regard we enlist the archetypal psychology of Freud’s younger contemporary Carl Jung (1875-1961). Drawing upon a rich corpus of mythic, alchemical, shamanic and religious wisdom, a life passage is traced from a maternal embrace which must be parted with to enter the treacherous external world in search of a ones own distinct persona. Phases of experiment, struggle, test and loss, in symbolism a cathartic disintegration, eventually leads to palliative reunification. Opposites of feminine anima and masculine animus separate and clash in allegorical death and rebirth on the way to sacred marriage in the conception of a whole person.

Mythic dimensions bring illustrative value. A male “hero” is more involved with aspects of conflict and quest, the female “heroine” evokes beneficent synthesis. Masculine phases align more with a transit between levels while the feminine resides at original and future abodes. And there is a crucial point for a natural genesis narrative. In their classic essence, Buddha, the Grail Knight, Dante, pilgrim, shaman, and each candidate must ultimately come to their own witness and discovery. The guides retire, the task cannot be done for them. In order to attain new being the seeker must be able realize their own reception of wisdom. Finding the Grail vessel is not enough to restore the kingdom, Parsifal must mindfully ask the Grail question. In such unity, a person can both acknowledge and reconcile mother and father and be faithful to oneself.

An endeavor to (re)join human and universe in a temporal, secular age would involve a correspondence between the spiral path of personal individuation and the generic way that complex systems organize themselves as complements vie and cohere into an emergent whole. Ones daily round may then become a microcosmic exemplar of and contribution to a developmental, personalizing cosmos. As Carl Jung, Pierre Teilhard, Freya Mathews and many others have proposed, human, earthly and cosmic psychogenesis are, as ever, one and the same.

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H. The Phenomenon of Humankind

The first four sections of Part VI, Earth Life Emergence, documented a nested evolution of organic entity, sentience, formative program, and awareness from bacteria to biosphere. A parallel was then noted between this overall phylogeny and individual (human) ontogeny. In Integral Persons, we saw much evidence for people as active exemplars of and participants in a self-organizing earthly and cosmic genesis.

A further, sequential emergence now seems underway to an integral super-organic phase as if a planetary progeny. The earth is a finite globe and niche which serves to compress a hyper-interconnected humanity into a composite somatic and cerebral physiosphere, collaborative knowledge, and fledgling self-identity. This multipart section covers aspects of a linguistic cultural code, human societies as complex adaptive systems, a worldwide anatomy and metabolism, east/west and south/north bicameral civilizations, also evident in world religions. The stage is set to consider, in retrospect, how the long travail of world macrohistory may appear as a relative psychic individuation. A global cognitive faculty, a noosphere coming to its own recognition, knowledge and discovery, was reviewed earlier in the Part II, Mindkind section.

1. A Cultural Code: Systems Linguistics

For still another manifestation, as it must, the universal dynamic, self-organizing, fractal system is found to infuse in the evolution of human language, with regard to constructive grammar and syntax, along with its informational content, equally for script and speech. This latest mode of social communication is now seen to have a deep congruence with the molecular genetic code, as if a "languagome." And so once more a Systems Linguistics can be initiated. This congruence serves researchers in both domains and is another example of nature using the same procedure over and over. Circa 2012, with their increasing proliferation, citations that well perceive literary content and discourse as complex, scale-free networks are included in the Rosetta Cosmos section.

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2. Complex Symbiotic Societies

As the case with the field of psychology noted above, the growing application of nonlinear science to the multi-faceted subject of sociology has also led to the discernment of a common, innate mathematical basis. Rather than one random event after another sans any deeper context, a global science is able to perceive how complex dynamic systems similarly organize the shape and interaction of groups, assemblies, settlements and cities, from a few members to a metropolis. As introduced in Organic Societies earlier, such communities proceed to evolve toward an organism-like cognitive coherence. A premier distinction at best is a reciprocal symbiosis between free individual and supportive group. By these insights, as various papers report, from political elections, sporting events, social media, financial commerce, to migrations, and even battlefield chaos, can yet be found a constant mathematical format. And if this unbeknownst mathematical dimension might be revealed and availed, fed back from humankind to its peoples, a better, more peaceful world might accrue.

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3. A Planetary Physiosphere: Anatomics, Economics, Urbanomics

Historians, architects, and scholars have often advised that societies, especially in urban settings, seem in their material circulations, skeletal infrastructure, and cognitive cultures to take on a likeness of the developing anatomy, metabolism and nervous system of an organism. As an intensifying human presence converges over and is compressed by the finite biosphere, a further evolutionary emergent phase is arising in the guise of a global super-organic personage. Its cerebrally collaborative ‘noosphere’ able to achieve such a perspective was documented in Mindkind, with additional personal qualities covered in Sustainable Ecovillages such as local "social protocells." This section also reports a shift in finance and commerce from a mechanical equilibrium model via another dynamic complexity revolution, aka econophysics, so as to imply a "Systems Economics."

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4. The Complementarity of Civilizations

“East is east and west is west, and never the twain shall meet” wrote Rudhyar Kipling long ago. Nowadays many research studies in social psychology report that western and eastern cultures do generally reflect polar autonomous individual or communal group attributes. For the purposes of this website, such quantified findings may then show how the universal archetypes seem manifest even on a global stage. But these reciprocal phases have rarely been understood and as set in opposition have caused much international strife and injustice. If civilizations that currently “clash” could actually be seen as naturally recurrent complementarity, a palliative path to their reconciliation might result. A unique role for Muslim culture as bridge between West and East is suggested in Bicameral World Religions.

During the cold war the United States and the Soviet Union went to the brink of nuclear conflict over individualism vs. communism. Before September 11, 2001, the U. S. was squaring off with China over the same dichotomy. An obvious solution would be a salutary reciprocity of both dispositions. Another area of much violence and hardship is post-colonial Africa. A lesser known but crucial finding is that the same complements equally hold for Southern and Northern hemispheres. A resolve might also accrue here, with especial avail for better racial understanding. (The Old Earth section records the fatal impediments of weapons proliferation, male warlords, and economic corruption which block constructive efforts everywhere.)

A further issue which has intensified in the 2010s is racial in kind, which again involves Southern and Northern complements. Many volumes of ancient and modern African wisdom are posted in World Philosophy, as they evoke an organic option to the reigning machine model. As recorded in the Writings section, we have written about Leopold Senghor’s emphasis on a “complementarity” of opposites or halves as the best resolution. See especially the work of Molefi Kete Asante, Maulana Karenga, and Messay Kebede, among many voices whom must be heard.

Such instances among many cry out for the promise of humankind’s own knowledge, which as MIT’s Thomas Malone (search) says, may be our only solution. An imperative transformation from this fanatical, militarist, inequitable, tribal, unsustainable world, descending into blunders, terror, and carnage, to an enlightened mutuality of personal welfare and caring community could be there for the asking. A further aspect which has intensified in the mid 2010s

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5. Bicameral World Religions

The comparative study of religious traditions is another project of composite humankind. The great world faiths, both Abrahamic and Asian, arose in a first “axial period” circa 500 B.C. to 700 A.D. Within the theme of this website, we suggest that a worldwide complementarity might also be found between Western and Eastern modes of belief and doctrine. As many scholars note, the spiritual sentiments these hemispheres hold to basic responses or dichotomies of God and the human, heaven or earth, linear or cyclical time, and so on. Surely this is a huge, vested subject and these brief thoughts and references try to broach ecumenical openings and rapport.

For Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, in broad survey, a person and the Divine form a continuum, “God and man are one.” Within this sacred milieu human Atman is an embryonic divinity immersed in encompassing Brahman. Such unity holds because the numinous cosmos is animate in kind, a viable organism. Its quintessence is primal and ascendant mind, not lumpen matter. To theologian Peter Berger, these beliefs are more “interior” as turned to contemplation, the world accepted as given. Eastern cultures, as noted, seem more communal or “wave-like” with an emphasis on group values over discrete self.

Western creeds mostly prefer an opposite, particulate mode. An individual is separate, apart from God, the earth somehow flawed, broken or fallen. Again per Berger, a person is thrust to outward action in a “confrontational” role. To equate oneself with God is heretical. For Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the Divine is transcendent but remote; one is a sinful mendicant, the world of little or no value in itself. At the Western pole, an extroverted individual supersedes social concerns.

To press the analogy, such religious and societal contrasts could be seen to represent bilateral brain hemispheres on a planetary scale. In regard a special instance may be the Muslim essence, which although an Abrahamic faith sees itself as ‘neither east nor west.’ William Chittick’s essay “The Anthropocosmic Vision,” in collaboration with Tu Weiming, contends that Islam also aligns with Asian conceptions. One might note that Islam’s geographical location from Morocco to Indonesia is where an interbridging ‘corpus callosum’ would be. Such speculations are respectfully offered as an example of what might be gained from a humankind vista.

This outline section for global belief systems also records the 21st century theological resolution known as Pan-en-theism. Indeed, after all centuries, it is being realized that numinosity must abide both in paternal transcendence and a maternal procreative immanence. Prime works in regard are Panentheism by John Cooper, and Panentheism Across the World's Traditions, edited by Loriliai Biernacki and Philip Clayton.

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6. Religion and Science

An historic reconvergence of scientific and religious encounters is underway but the project seems daunted by trying to reconcile the old, materialist, Darwinian version with belief in and proof of a Divine creator. Signs of an ordained design by way of the “anthropic principle” are a prime endeavor. Glimpses of an innately self-organizing cosmos occur but the waxing realization of a genesis universe whereof earth and human have their own intrinsic value has not yet registered.

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7. Systems History: Personal and Planetary Individuation

An ambition of historians and philosophers has long been to discern the topologies, forces and trends, if any, that might underlie, move, and trace the course of human affairs, peoples, cultures, nations, creeds, and civilizations. Because these efforts, in their partiality, were often socially misapplied, not due to theory but its misuse, the project of seeking such a ‘metanarrative’ is now abandoned. The difference proposed here is a 21st century perception of a self-organizing genesis universe found by humankind. A first step is to admit that intrinsic generative forces exist at all. For an exemplary 2010s source view the content of Cliodynamics: Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical History. An ability to gain novel knowledge via such sciences of complex complementarity could provide beneficial guidance for a kinder, more sustainable world, as Part VII next will suggest.

Another theme of this website has been an accord of human beings in both their gender identity and a person’s life course with the nested, recurrent, emergence of a procreative family cosmos. By an holistic retrospect, the arduous wax and wane of civilizations might then appear as a composite cerebral and psychic individuation. Scholars describe an initial animate, maternal milieu followed by patriarchal millennia as anima and animus interact, separate and vie. As well known, masculine mentalities rule to this day with war-obsessed competitions, vitally in need of empathic feminine mediation. As Richard Tarnas, Suzanne Kirschner, Freya Mathews, Arne Naess, and many others herein advise, each individual, earth life and whole cosmos seem to be engaged in a similar journey of personal self-witness, empowerment, and actualization.

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8. A Major Evolutionary Transition to a HumanKinder Personsphere

As this site tracks the scientific and academic literature, a growing trend is the widespread acceptance of this nested, repetitive scale as a way to define life’s episodic emergence from replicative biomolecules to human linguistic societies. It was first conceived in two volumes The Major Transitions in Evolution, (1995) and The Origins of Life (1999) by the theoretical biologists John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary. They are reviewed in Systems Evolution, along with many reports on their presence across fauna, flora, neural, and group instances. The original seven stages are shown in Ascent of Genetic Information since each comes with a certain code. This robust 21st century version of an oriented sequence from which people arise now sets aside an old Darwinian aimless, contingency, which as yet remains in textbooks.

Herein this new 2015 section will gather entries from various perspectives that sight and explore a continuance of this pattern and process onto a nascent civilizational phase. Several entries cited elsewhere are included for a sense of biological and genetic rootings. We offer these novel examples as an outline of a hopeful humankinder whom can carry forth anatomical, physiological, and cerebral wisdoms to an individual, societal and planetwide super-organic viability. As for an Earthlish, Earthese, or Earthian language, throughout the website it seems this ought to be genetic in kind, as if a global genome.

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