III. An Organic, Conducive, Habitable MultiUniVerse
A. Quantum Cosmology
Into the later 2010s, this Quantum Cosmology: A Complementary QuaniVerse section has expanded into five modules. A worldwise collaboration by an emergent kumankinder can now scan the depth and breadth of a multiversal spacescape. In this conducive ecosmos, solar systems abound from which planetary peoples seem meant to arise, wonder, observe, self-select and begin to co-create. This first unit covers an integral, affine meld of infinitesimal microcosm and infinite macrocosm. Cosmos reports our trillion galaxy milieu, each with billions of sunny stars, along with its temporal life-bearing development. Quantum Organics document a whole scale revision by way of novel perspectives and cumulative understands. Systems Physics, akin to Biology and Genetics, notices an historic turn to similarly allow vital network complexities. Finally, from this minute abode, an ability to theorize and detect instrumental signs of other universes has dawned as noted in ExoUniVerse Studies. Further contributions can be found in Animate Ecosmos, Information, Thermodynamics, Systems Cosmology, Astrochemistry and ExoEarth sections, and throughout Natural Genesis.
Ambjorn, J., et al. The Universe from Scratch. Contemporary Physics. 47/2, 2006. By way of a method to observe and quantify a fluctuating quantum geometry at Planck scales (10-33 centimeters) called Causal Dynamical Triangulations.
The paradigm of spacetime beginning to emerge from CDT is that of a scale-invariant, fractal and effectively lower-dimensional structure at the Planck scale, which only at a larger scale requires well-known features of geometry which accord with our classical intuition. (115)
Anders, Janet and Karoline Wiesner. Increasing Complexity with Quantum Physics. Chaos. 21/037102, 2011. University College London and University of Bristol physicists continue the realization that their fields of study have much akin with the subject and theory of nonlinear systems. Statistical mechanics joined forces circe 2007, here it is extended within a seamless nature as it must into quantum phenomena. The Article Outline introduces, enters “laws of quantum physics,” then “quantum complexity” with an emphasis on computational correlations, phase transitions, and effects in biology and thermodynamics.
We argue that complex systems science and the rules of quantum physics are intricately related. We discuss a range of quantum phenomena, such as cryptography, computation and quantum phases, and the rules responsible for their complexity. We identify correlations as a central concept connecting quantum information and complex systems science. We present two examples for the power of correlations: using quantum resources to simulate the correlations of a stochastic process and to implement a classically impossible computational task. (037102)
Ashtekar, Abhay, et al. Quantum Nature of the Big Bang. Physics Review Letters. 96/141301, 2006. The cosmic singularity can be made more predictable by way of the theories of loop quantum gravity. A quantum bridge is then proposed to link two classical universes, one contracting, the other expanding.
Bachlechner, Thomas, et al. Axion Landscape Cosmology. arXiv:1810.02822. We cite this entry by physicists TB, UC San Diego, Kate Eckerle and Oliver Janssen, University of Milan, and Matthew Kleban, NYU as their latest paper which by mathematical finesses that seem to allude to sentient beings able to learn this. I heard Kleban speak on The Axidental Universe at UM Amherst on November 9, second abstract below, and see also by this team Multiple-Axion Framework in Physical Review D (98/061301, 2018).
We study the cosmology of complex multi-axion theories. With O(100) fields and GUT scale energies these theories contain a vast number of vacua, inflationary trajectories and a natural dark matter candidate. We demonstrate that the vacua are stable on cosmological timescales. In a single theory, both large- and small-field inflation are possible and yield a broad range of cosmological observables, and vacuum decay can be followed by a relatively large number (> 60) of efolds of inflation. Light axions stabilized by gravitational instantons may constitute a natural dark matter candidate that does not spoil an axion solution to the strong CP problem. (Abstract)
Bohm, David. Wholeness and the Implicate Order. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980. The philosophical physicist draws upon unique insights into quantum theory to describe how an “explicate,” overt universe, its life forms and human dialogic consciousness, emanates from and reflects an “implicate,” unmanifest order.
Bojowald, Martin. Quantum Cosmology: A Review. Reports on Progress in Physics. 78/023901, 2015. The Penn State physicist posts an extensive technical update on the two decade project to coherently join these disparate spatial and temporal domains.
Bojowald, Martin. The Universe: A View from Classical and Quantum Gravity. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2013. The Penn State physicist provides to date an expansive, topical survey from quantum cosmology, black holes, atomic particles, to relativity, waves, states, measurement, and stellar reaches from the big bang to unifications. In regard, a number of cosmic “singularities” are recognized. Now could these novel human abilities to achieve such descriptions, as the apparent way a genesis universe tries to quantify and perceive itself, be realized as a further “singularity” of spectacular import and promise?
Bousso, Raphael. The Holographic Principle. Reviews of Modern Physics. 74/825, 2002. A technical paper on a discrete, information rich universe akin to a hologram wherein the information content or measure of a three dimensional volume of space is proportional to the area of its two dimensional outer surface. One popular writeup of this approach is Hogan, Craig. “First Light.” New Scientist. January 11, 2003. A New Scientist update of Bousso's thinking is Touching the Multiverse by Amanda Gefter in the March 6, 2010 issue.
Brumfield, Geoff. Cosmology Gets Real. Nature. 422/108, 2003. A news report on the growing affirmation by the worldwide astronomical community of the big bang evolutionary model of the universe.
By clarifying the age and make-up of the Universe, researchers have ushered in an era of precision cosmology. (108)
Cartlidge, Edwin. Microwaves Map Cosmic Origins. Physics World. June, 2001. The latest satellite results confirm the inflationary model and an appreciation of a “scale-invariant universe.”
In the (inflation) process, quantum fluctuations were stretched out into density variations that eventually led to all the structure in the universe, from galaxies to humans. (5)
Out of the Void.
I comment at length because this news article aptly suggests how physics, cosmology, and also philosophy have, mostly unbeknownst, taken leave of reality. Physical science, an almost totally male pursuit, after a century of plumbing the depths of space, time and matter, seems now stuck there. For this is where causal answers lie, its paradigm avers, since they will legislate any extant cosmos. But the implied result becomes an alien, pitiless, computing machine, with no place of human observers. Strings are out, it is said, only to be replaced by “tangles.”
In Markopoulou and Krib’s version of loop quantum gravity the universe as a giant quantum computer, where each quantum of space is replaced by a bit of quantum information. (31) By replacing loop quantum gravity’s chunks of space with qubits, what used to be a frame of reference – space itself – becomes just a web of information. (31) If the new loop quantum gravity does go the distance, though, it could give us a new sense of our place in the universe. If electrons and quarks – and thus atoms and people – are a consequence of the way space-time tangles up on itself, we could be nothing more than a bundle of stubborn dreadlocks in space. (31)
Castelvecchi, David. Shadow World. Science News. November 17, 2007. A report on the well-received ‘conjecture’ of Institute of Advanced Study physicist Juan Maldacena, that also offers a good review of quantum theory frontiers. Another entry is the article by Michael Dine on String Theory and the LHCollider in the December 2007 Physics Today. But are such gyrations akin to Ptolemaic epicycles which tried to prop up a fundamentally erroneous model?
In his (Maldecena) vision, the mathematical machinery of strings completely translates into a more ordinary quantum theory of particles, but one whose would live in a universe without gravity. Gravity would be replaced by forces similar to the nuclear forces that prevailed in the universe’s first instants. And this would be a universe with fewer dimensions that the realm inhabited by strings. (315) Just as a hologram creates the illusion of the third dimension by scattering light off a 2-D surface, gravity and the however many dimensions of space could be a higher-dimensional projection of a drama playing out in a flatter world. (315)