VII. Pedia Sapiens: A Genesis Future on Earth and in the Heavens
5. An Organic, Participatory Democracy
There is much literature on the post cold war ascent of human habitation to a relative planetary phase. Compressed by its spherical surface, intensified by open communications, social media, air travel, commerce, and so on, a shift from human to humankind is underway. The malleable concept of Democracy is then debated and defined with little basis or agreement. In regard, The Complementarity of Civilizations section notes how archetypal, bicameral cultures and nationalities are spread across the continents.
Radical Middle Newsletter. www.radicalmiddle.com. An omnibus site by Mark Satin and friends for every aspect of this gathering Third Way solution. From its home page, for example, can be accessed 250 “Radical Middle” websites and supportive statements of over 35 writers and politicians such as Walter Truett Anderson, PM Tony Blair, Marilyn Ferguson and Anthony Giddens.
Abele, Andrea and Bogdan Wojciszke. Communal and Agentic Content: A Dual Perspective Model. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. Volume 50, 2014. University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, Germany, and University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland scholars contribute perceptive insights upon these perennial archetypes. Once again a constant reciprocal code of self and others, autonomy and intimacy is proposed. Their erudite distillation is then proposed to replace olden Big Five traits with a Big Two marriage of entity/agency and empathy/community. An integral mutuality of me individual and We grouping is another version. As anthropologist John Terrell writes (search), could we ask for a better instance than liberal and conservative political parties, which beg to be seen as a coincident of opposites. For further avail, an eternal yang and yin is the core basis for Klaas van Egmond’s Sustainable Civilization (2014) recommendations.
We summarize and integrate a large body of research showing that agency and communion constitute two fundamental dimensions of content in social cognition. Agentic content refers to goal-achievement and task functioning (competence, assertiveness, decisiveness), whereas communal content refers to the maintenance of relationships and social functioning (benevolence, trustworthiness, morality). We present a Dual Perspective Model of Agency and Communion (DPM-AC) developed to show that the two dimensions are differently linked to the basic perspectives in social interaction, that is, the actor versus the observer/recipient perspectives. (Abstract excerpt)
Abele, Andrea, et al. Facets of the Fundamental Content Dimensions: Agency with Competence and Assertiveness – Communion with Warmth and Morality. Frontiers in Psychology. November, 2016. A. Abele, University of Erlangen (search 2014), Nicole Hauke, University of Queensland, Kim Peters, University of Strasbourg, Eva Louvet, University of Strasbourg, Aleksandra Szymkow, University of Social Sciences, Warsaw, and Yanping Duan, Hong Kong Baptist University contribute to this overdue shift in psychological studies from olden Big Five personality traits to more distinctive Big Two qualities. Their occasion may be traced to Abele, Oscar Ybarra, et al in the 2000s on to Susan Fiske circa 2018, as its validity gains a growing number of colleagues and usages. But it is so curious that as the titles well states, this ultimate pairing is still not realized to be complementary gender archetypes.
Agency (A) and communion (C) are fundamental content dimensions. We propose a facet model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA. Both the two-factor model and the four-factor model showed good fit indices across countries. The findings support the model's validity by positioning the traits within a network of self-construal, values, impression management, and the Big Five personality factors. In all countries, A was related to independent self-construal and to agentic values, and C to interdependent self-construal and communal values. Our research shows that (a) the fundamental dimensions of A and C are stable across cultures; and (b) that the here proposed distinction of facets of A and C is fruitful in analyzing self-perception. (Abstract excerpt)
Alexander, Gary. eGaia: Growing a Peaceful, Sustainable Earth Through Communications. Norfolk, UK: Lighthouse Books, 2002. As a response to environmental devastation, a worldwide network of cooperative communities enhanced by shared electronic resources is described. For a working metaphor, our home planet earth is seen as a living organism just now reaching individual and collective consciousness.
Archibugi, Daniele. The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward Cosmopolitan Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. A noted scholar with appointments from Italy to Britain wonders how a novel transnational humanist governance might be sketched in a way so as to guide the historic struggle from conflict, injustice, and poverty to benevolent participatory empowerment. But immersed in a continental mindset, an informing, intrinsic sense of a natural guidance eludes - see, e.g., Ellen LaConte below.
Bornstein, David. How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Around the world grass roots activists are combining the latest technologies such as cellphones with innovative monetary and community solutions to improve the quality of life and opportunity of many emerging regions.
Brijder, Robert, et al. Democratic, Existential, and Consensus-based Output Conventions in Stable Computation by Chemical Reaction Networks.. Natural Computing. 17/1, 2018. Reviewed more in systems Chemistry, RB Hasselt University, Belgium, David Doty UC Davis and David Soloveichik UT Austin metaphorically allude to an electoral polarity of aye and nay options as a good way to explain and represent chemical interactions.
Brooks, David. One Nation, Slightly Divisible. The Atlantic. December, 2001. An eye-witness survey of perceived differences between the “red” rural, middle America states and the “blue” big city seacoasts. Although roughly dividing into conservative and liberal, orthodox and “cafeteria” religion, and so on Brooks senses a national unity after all.
Bruns, Axel. Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond. New York: Peter Lang, 2009. Noted more in Mindkind, a Queensland University of Technology computer scientist advises shows how a local neighborhood and planetwide connectivity can empower and foster a true citizens democracy, much beyond infrequent elections.
Bystydzienski, Jill and Joti Sekhon, eds. Democratization and Women’s Grassroots Movements. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1999. Reports from many lands about the difficult struggle of women to achieve justice, empowerment and community in authoritarian and emerging societies.
Carney, Dana, et al. The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives. Political Psychology. 29/6, 2008. Among “political science” journals, this one offers a rare admission and study of these polar proclivities, which strongly divide into dual cerebral and personality archetypes. Social psychologists Dana Carney, John Jost, Samuel Gosling, and Jeff Potter cite such deep rootings for blue and red state options, so opposed in the 2012 election. And in the same journal, online November 2012, “Themes of Self-Regulation and Self-Exploration in the Life Stories of Religious American Conservatives and Liberals” touts the same categories. A popular note would be “Political Instincts,” New Scientist, November 3, 2012, which identifies this destructive contrast, which seems affect two party “democratic” nations on every continent.
Although skeptics continue to doubt that most people are “ideological,” evidence suggests that meaningful left-right differences do exist and that they may be rooted in basic personality dispositions, that is, relatively stable individual differences in psychological needs, motives, and orientations toward the world. Seventy-five years of theory and research on personality and political orientation has produced a long list of dispositions, traits, and behaviors. Applying a theory of ideology as motivated social cognition and a “Big Five” framework, we find that two traits, Openness to New Experiences and Conscientiousness, parsimoniously capture many of the ways in which individual differences underlying political orientation have been conceptualized. We obtained consistent and converging evidence that personality differences between liberals and conservatives are robust, replicable, and behaviorally significant, especially with respect to social (vs. economic) dimensions of ideology. In general, liberals are more open-minded, creative, curious, and novelty seeking, whereas conservatives are more orderly, conventional, and better organized. (Abstract)
Clark, John. Worlds Apart: Civil Society and the Battle for Ethical Globalization. Bloomfield, CT: Kumerian Press, 2003. A veteran NGO campaigner, mostly with Oxfam, seeks to mitigate the invasive, corrupt downside of global commerce with a “deliberative democracy” which would respect and empower local participants.