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VIII. Pedia Sapiens: A New Genesis Future

1. Mind Over Matter: Quantum, Atomic, Chemical Connectomics

Ricard, Timothy, et al. Adaptive, Geometric Networks for Efficient Coarse-Grained Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics with Post-Hartree–Fock Accuracy. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation. Online May, 2018. We cite this entry by Indiana University chemists and physicists in an American Chemical Society publication as an example of the intentional application of nature’s intrinsic dynamic topologies to newly co-create and carry forth an improved animate, beneficial materiality.

We introduce a new coarse-graining technique for ab initio molecular dynamics that is based on the adaptive generation of connected geometric networks or graphs specific to a given molecular geometry. The coarse-grained nodes depict a local chemical environment and are networked to create edges, triangles, tetrahedrons, and higher order simplexes based on (a) a Delaunay triangulation procedure and (b) a method that is based on molecular, bonded and nonbonded, local interactions. The geometric subentities thus created, that is nodes, edges, triangles, and tetrahedrons, each represent an energetic measure for a specific portion of the molecular system, capturing a specific set of interactions. (Abstract excerpt)

Rigden, John. Hydrogen: The Essential Element. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002. A report on a growing intentional effort to move beyond the old carbon-fossil fuel economy, as part of a long “decarbonization” process, in order to achieve clean, efficient, widely available energy sources.

Ritter, Alex. Smart Materials. Basel: Birkhauser, 2007. Across Europe the frontiers of design in interior and exterior architecture are employing a plethora of novel forms of matter. For example, thermochromic and electrochromic surfaces change color and texture due to heat or current in applications from clothing to wall geometries. One gets the sense from this illustrated volume, as a case in point, of human imagination beginning to take over and evoke the latent potentials of a genesis creation.

Ritter, Robert, et al. Fabrication of Nanopores in 1 nm Thick Carbon Nanomembranes with Slow Highly Charged Ions. Applied Physics Letters. 102/063112, 2013. In this reference cited in “Extreme Atoms” in Nature’s “Quantum Atom” feature (498/22, 2013) for the 100th anniversary of Neils Bohr’s paper, European physicists from TU Wien-Vienna University of Technology, Halmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Technische Universitat Dresden, and Universitat Bielefied, seem capable, per the Abstract, of open abilities to learn about, and to then fashion material creation to our own measured betterment and purposes. Similarly, the Nature paper noted makings of “hollow, giant, antimatter, super heavy, whatever, atomic origami.” We cite as one more example of humankind’s collaborative intellect and capability to achieve a second intentional genesis.

We describe the use of slow highly charged ions as a simple tool for the fabrication of nanopores with well-defined diameters typically between 10 and 20 nm in freestanding, 1 nm thick carbon nanomembranes (CNMs). When CNMs are exposed to a flux of highly charged ions, for example Xe40+, each individual ion creates a circular nanopore, the size of which depends on the kinetic and potential energy of the impinging ion. The controlled fabrication of nanopores with a uniform size opens a path for the application of CNM based filters in nanobiotechnology. (Abstract)

Rose, Frisco, et al.. AFLUX: The LUX Materials Search API for the AFLOW Data Repositories. Computational Materials Science. 137/362, 2017. Duke University, University of North Texas, and Central Michigan University researchers including Stefano Curtarolo study database resources to serve this incipient advent a intentional creation of beneficial material forms. See also The AFLOW Library of Crystallographic Prototypes by this group in the same journal (136/Supp. 1, 2017). As one may peruse, we note how much this approach is broadly similar to genomic curations in journals such as Nucleic Acids Research and Database.

Automated computational materials science frameworks rapidly generate large quantities of materials data for accelerated materials design. In order to take advantage of these large databases, users should have the ability to efficiently search and extract the desired data. Therefore, we have extended the data-oriented AFLOW-repository Application-Program-Interface (API) to enable programmatic access to search queries. A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)-based search API is proposed for the construction of complex queries for remote creation and retrieval of customized data sets. It is expected that the new language, AFLUX, from “Automatic Flow of LUX (light)”, will enable remote search operations on the AFLOW set of computational materials science data repositories. In addition, AFLUX facilitates the verification and validation of the data in the AFLOW repositories. (Abstract)

Rosenthal, Elisabeth and Felicity Barringer. Green Promise Seen in Switch to LED Lighting. New York Times. May 30, 2009. Beyond all the hybrid hype, a truly siginificant energy-saving advance is the replacement of bulbs altogether by bright Light Emitting Diodes. With an indefinite life and twice as efficient as even compact bulbs, their full utilization would result in a 50% drop in carbon dioxide emissions. Mainly based on gallium nitride (GaN and InGaN) semiconductors, they represent a premier case of appropriate technology. And their further import could be as a harbinger of a dawning Light Age.

Rutherford, Adam. Creation: How Science is Reinventing Life Itself. New York: Current Books, 2014. Akin to Michael Tennesen’s The Next Species, a British geneticist and journalist takes the widest view of cosmic evolution whereof humankind becomes a potential second singularity. This long passage occurs over two main parts. The Origin of Life is seen as Begotten, Not Created with earth’s rough course traced from nucleotides to a noosphere. The Future of Life then goes on, if we may so choose, as Created, Not Begotten. This awesome new Genesis creation, just bursting upon us, most of all involves reading and reprogramming nature’s genetic Digital DNA code.

Sanchez-Lengeling, Benjamin and Alan Aspuru-Guzik. Inverse Molecular Design Using Machine Learning: Generative Models for Matter Engineering. Science. 361/348, 2018. In a Frontiers of Computation section, Harvard University and Toronto University systems chemists consider technical approaches to this intentional phase of cosmic material (re)creation. Indeed by way of our human collective acumen, we peoples are actually embarking upon a work of “reverse engineering” nature’s animate physical and chemical evolution by careful application of its universal algorithome principles. See also in this section Toward a Predictive Theory of Correlative Materials by Paul Kent and Gabriel Kotliar.

In a Frontiers of Computation section, Harvard University and Toronto University systems chemists consider technical approaches to this intentional phase of cosmic material (re)creation. Indeed by way of our human collective acumen, we peoples are actually embarking upon a work of “reverse engineering” nature’s animate physical and chemical evolution by careful application of its universal algorithome principles. See also in this section Toward a Predictive Theory of Correlative Materials by Paul Kent and Gabriel Kotliar.

Sendhoff, Bernhard, et al, eds. Creating Brain-Like Intelligence from Basic Principles to Complex Intelligent Systems. Berlin: Springer, 2009. (LNAI Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 5436) Other citations in this section are likewise about humanity’s instant takeover of material nature so as to begin a new creation. What kind of a universe evolves its own ramifying “selected intelligence” which (whom) on a tiny planet, via a collaborative, sentient species, begins to intentionally carry further its ever increasing capacity both to gain knowledge and use for a better future? Noted also in Systems Neuroscience.

Siler, Todd. Fractal Reactor: Re-Creating the Sun. Leonardo. 40/5, 2007. The innovation consultant and artist proposes a plasma nuclear fusion device based on an intentional continuation of nature’s intrinsic self-similarity.

Sole, Ricard, et al. Population Dynamics of Synthetic Terraformation Motifs. Royal Society Open Science. Online July, 2018. Barcelona systems biologists and ecologists scope out this vital project which we ought to get on with to intentionally and respectfully re-create a sustainable biosphere so as to foster a human/Earth personsphere.

Ecosystems are complex systems, currently experiencing several threats associated with global warming, intensive exploitation and human-driven habitat degradation. Because of a general presence of multiple stable states, including states involving population extinction, and due to the intrinsic nonlinearities associated with feedback loops, collapse in ecosystems could occur in a catastrophic manner. It has been recently suggested that a potential path to prevent or modify the outcome of these transitions would involve designing synthetic organisms and synthetic ecological interactions that could push these endangered systems out of the critical boundaries. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of the simplest mathematical models associated with four classes of ecological engineering designs, named Terraformation motifs (TMs). (Abstract excerpt)

Southwell, Karen, ed. Quantum Coherence. Nature. 453/1003, 2008. A special section which seeks to tease out from sub-atomic “entanglements” its various facets such as ultracold atoms and a macroscopic “quantum internet.”

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