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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 31 through 43 of 43 found.


Our Earthuman Moment: A Major Evolutionary Transition in Individuality

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Complementary Brain

Milli, Smitha, et al. A Rational Reinterpretation of Dual-Process Theories. Cognition. Vol. 217, October, 2021. This section has sought to gather many findings since the 1970s that human beings, and lately all creatures, possess a double neural-cognitive faculty whereof each half contributes an opposite attribute. Along with bicameral brain studies, a divide into slower, think about it and fast, just do it options has been in consideration, but with much debate. Into 2021, UC Berkeley, MPI Intelligent Systems and Princeton University propose a clarification by way of the same, typical left and right hemisphere modes of separate details or a contextual orientation. By so doing, an integral synthesis is achieved which provides a significant confirmation of a universal, bigender complementarity. But its presence sets up a deep quandary. While a scientific, psychological, academic literature posts this historic advance, our vital bioplanet remains in a terminal condition because politics, nations, factions, warlords rage with no sense of any greater natural knowledge and guidance.

Highly influential “dual-process” accounts of human cognition postulate the coexistence of a slow accurate system with a fast error-prone system. But why would there be just two systems rather than, say, one or 93? Here, we argue that a two part faculty might reflect a rational tradeoff between the cognitive flexibility afforded by multiple systems and the time and effort required to choose between them. We find that the optimal number of systems depends on the variability of the environment and the difficulty of deciding when which system should be used. We find a plausible range of conditions under which it is better to have a fast approach without any deliberation (“System 1”) and a slower view that is more accurate through considerations (“System 2”). (Abstract)

Our analyses found two minded choice and risky-choice modes as a most suitable way to deal with a range of environments and cognitive costs: a system that performs no deliberation (“System 1”) and another with a fair amount of forethought (“System 2”). This might be why the human mind contains opposite subsystems within itself – one that is fast but fallible and one that is slow but accurate. Our findings thereby suggests that dual-process architectures could be optimal for the human mind. (12)

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Symbiotic Self

Comfort, Nathaniel. How Science Has Shifted our Sense of Identity. Nature. 574/167, 2019. A Johns Hopkins University historian of medicine surveys some 150 years of an array of constantly modified, relative opinions, in step with academic schools and sensory techniques.

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies

Jusup, Marko, et al. Social Physics. 2110.01866. In a paper to appear in Physics Reports, a 16 member team with postings in Japan, Croatia, China, the USA, Luxembourg, the UK, Singapore, Germany, Russia, Italy, Spain, Austria. Slovenia and Taiwan including Petter Holme, Stefano Boccaletti and Matjaz Perc achieves a thorough survey of this (re)union project from its 18th century inklings (Auguste Comte, et al) to our pewawnr worldwise retrospective observance. Twelve chapters over 358 pages proceed from Urban Dynamics, and Econophysics to Pandemics and Climate Phenomena and topics such as polarization, tipping points, biodiversity, neighborhoods, mobility, deep learning AI, and multiplex connectivities. As we peoples may gain a global vista on an evident course from a substantial universe to our evident witness and participation, how might it at last dawn as grand universe to Earthuman discovery?

Recent years have seen a rise in the use of physics-inspired methods as a way to resolve diverse societal problems. Such an effort is due to physicists venturing beyond their usual field, but also by other scientists who wish to gain a deeper basis. Here, we dub this nascent endeavor as a "social physics." We first review the modern way of living that enables humankind's prosperous existence such as urban development, vehicular traffic, financial markets, civil cooperation, societal networks, and the integration of intelligent machines. We then move on to consider potential threats to like criminal behaviour, massive migrations, contagions, environmental issues, and finally climate change. Their coverage ends with ideas for future resolve. After some 360 pages and 1148 references we conclude that this integrative synthesis across this widest expanse seems quite promising. (Abstract excerpt)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies

O’Madagain, Cathal and Michael Tomasello. Shared Intentionality, Reason-Giving and the Evolution of Human Culture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. December, 2021. In a special Collective Knowledge and Cumulative Culture issue, CO’M, School of Collective Intelligence, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Morocco and MT, Duke University, MPI Evolutionary Anthropology scholars perceive a prime integrative quality to be a cooperative, communal process of the cross-distribution of property goods. In order to facilitate, a “demonstrative pedagogy” to teach and educate arose in the Pleistocene. Moving to homo sapiens, a “normative and epistemic” phase with reasonable explanations led to innovative civilizations. See also Tomasello’s new book The Evolution of Agency: Behavioral Organization from Lizards to Humans. (MIT Press, 2022).

The biological approach to culture focuses on social learning processes, to the exculsion of cultural coordination such as joint action and shared intentionality. In this paper, we argue that the distinctive features of human culture derive from our skills and motivations for coordinating informed activities with one another. Over the last several hundred thousand years, human culture gained as collaborative abilities, cooperative communication and later a normatively structured pedagogy. Thoughtful modes went on to reasons for what we believe or how we act. (Abstract excerpt)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Physiology

Tirico, Michele, et al. Morphogenesis of Street Networks: A Reaction-Diffusion System for Self-Organized Cities. arXiv:2111.03544. Normandy University complexity scholars provide a latest explanation based on Alan Turing’s mathematical programs, as they become verified everywhere so it seems, of how even active urban topologies can similarly be found to take on a metabolic, super-organism-like essence. Some 75 years later, might such an advent of a dynamic global knowledge ever mitigate and save us.

Urban morphogenesis is the process of formation of its elements and the specialization of its suburbs. Street networks are the structural part of the system. Understand their formation reveals crucial information about urban transformation and dynamics behind its functioning. In this work we focus on the morphogenesis of street networks and we study it through a spatial network generator model. This latter is composed by three layers (a reaction-diffusion layer, a dynamic vector field and a spatial network) surrounded by an environment. The emerging network feeds back to its morphogenetic elements, driving the model to an unexpected behaviour. (Abstract)

Pedia Sapiens: A New Genesis Future

Future > Old World > Climate

Bagniewski, Witold, et al. Automatic Detection of Abrupt Transitions in PaleoClimate Records. . Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, UCLA, and University of Montpellier geoscientists describe computational methods by which to better identify the presence of sudden shifts in past planetary weather conditions. Subject areas are Greenland and northern China cold interstadial Quaternary periods. See also Network-based Forecasting of Climate Phenomena by Josef Ludescher, et al in PNAS (118/47, 2021). Our philoSophia view is to witness an emergent Earthropic sapience which proceeds to reconstruct prior conditions, analyze by a novel complexity theories, and then gain better understandings and signs of current weather.

Bifurcations and tipping points (TPs) are an important part of the Earth system’s behavior as critical thresholds where small changes can suddenly cause a switch from one state to another. A current concern is that our anthropogenic forcings might drive an irreversible change in weather systems and environments. Paleoclimate records have been found to exhibit transitions, or “jumps,” as former instances of such dramatic events. Here, we present a robust methodology for detecting abrupt shifts in prior records which are applied to the last epochal climate cycle. (Abstract excerpt)

Early examples of abrupt transition detection in climate time series include analysis of Nile River data. Transition detection and change point detection algorithms have since increased in popularity within a variety of disciplines where nonlinear processes are involved, including signal processing, bioinformatics, and finance. The spreading of such algorithms has also contributed to a growing interest in applying such methods to climatic time series. (2)

Future > Old World > Climate

Ludescher, Josef, et al. Network-based Forecasting of Climate Phenomena. PNAS. 118/47, 2021. With a base at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, thirteen complexity theorists and climate researchers in Germany, the UK, China, Israel, Russia and Switzerland including Jurgen Kurths, Shlomo Havlin and Hans Shellenhuber, contribute a major confirmation of this 21st century project to analyze even hyper-intricate world and bioregion weather phenomena by way of the same nonlinear complexities now found in formative kind everywhere else. By extension, nature’s actual organic essence, form and process are in apparent “genetic” effect as they must be. In every respect, a node/link, DNA/AND, bigender universality and familial triality is present as metabolic networks. Into later 2021 (November), if these many robust, disparate verifications of a natural source code program are seen altogether, they bode well for such an imminent ecosmic discovery event.

Network theory, as emerging from complex systems science, can provide critical predictive power for mitigating the global warming crisis and other societal challenges. Here we discuss the main differences of this approach to classical numerical modeling and highlight several cases where the network approach substantially improved the prediction of high-impact phenomena: 1) El Niño events, 2) droughts in the central Amazon, 3) extreme rainfall in the eastern Central Andes, 4) the Indian summer monsoon, and 5) extreme stratospheric polar vortex states that influence the occurrence of wintertime cold spells in northern Eurasia. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > second genesis

Cable, Jennifer, et al. Synthetic Biology: At the Crossroads of Genetic Engineering and Human Therapeutics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. November, 2021. A summary report on this Keystone Symposia with thirty, diverse contributors and a broad objective of gaining some scientific and ethical bearings going forward.

Synthetic biology has the potential to transform cell- and gene-based therapies for a variety of diseases. Advanced methods are now available to modify eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells so to selectively achieve palliative effects in response to one or more disease-related signals. This report summarizes the Keystone eSymposium with the above title which took place on May 3 and 4, 2021. Presenters discussed the use of synthetic biology to improve T cell, gene, and viral therapies, to engineer probiotics, and to expand upon existing modalities and functions of cell-based therapies.

Future > New Earth > democracy

Asir, M. Paul, et al. Critical Transition Influenced by Dynamic Quorum Sensing in Nonlinear Oscillators. European Physical Journal Special Topics. 230/3211, 2021. In a special issue on Tipping in Complex Systems, Central University of Rajasthan, India physicists study a generic instance of active movement from one state to another with a tendency to seek and attain an aggregate preference. But the payoff is to note that these generic results imply a widespread prevalent propensity across natural phenomena to achieve an optimum agreement. (One might say that political behaviors just the reverse – each individual wants their way, with no compromise)

We investigate the critical transitions in the ensemble of nonlinear oscillators interacting with the dynamical environment. A threshold is encoded by the amplitude of individual oscillators present in the network. The key idea is that whenever the oscillator’s amplitude is above the threshold, that node will be coupled to the environment with particular interaction strength. This consideration mimics the mechanism of quorum sensing by which many biological and chemical systems attain collective behavior. We were able to deduce the general expression to obtain critical points in the chosen models. (Abstract excerpt)

A sudden shift or an abrupt change in the state of a system owing to a meager alteration in the input parameters is referred to as critical transition. This transition is often irreversible and occurs in the vicinity of the tipping points. The critical transition has enormous physical relevance in the field of ecology, climate sciences, complex systems, biology and so on. In the context of dynamical systems, coupled oscillators serve as a basic paradigm to explore emergent events like synchronization, phase flip, chimeras, and suppression of oscillations. (1)

Future > Self-Selection

Da Silva, Luis Augusto. Self-Conscious Intelligent Technological Societies in the Universe. International Journal of Astrobiology. December, 2021. We note this entry by an Alexander von Humboldt Scientific Research Nucleus, Brazil astronomer and educator for its definitive witness that a whole universe can well appear to have an innate ability to engender on a planetary presence of an aware, person-like, global cognizance. But the writer goes on to cite (aka great filter) a late transitional juncture or bottleneck which need be passed through to achieve an “extremely rare, high survival probability state.” In regard, it does not look good for our Earth.

We present an alternative equation to estimate the probable number N of self-conscious intelligent technological societies (SCITSs) within the radius of the observable universe. This equation has only one poorly-known factor, Pc, the SCITS's formation probability, which can be estimated within an uncertainty by applying the restriction imposed by Fermi's Paradox. For an optimistic maximum life expectancy ≈108 yr, the conclusion is that two civilizations never coexist in the same galaxy. Our estimated values for Pc are compatible with current biological and astrophysical evidences. We propose a novel astrosociological classification to speculate about possible evolutionary paths for SCITSs in the universe. A ‘Closed Bottle Neck’ scenario suggests that civilizations are no exit in their evolution because there would not be interstellar travels nor Galaxy colonization. (Abstract excerpt)

Future > Self-Selection

Kodama, Tatsuhiko, et al. The Onset of a Globally Ice-Covered State for a Land Planet.. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 126/12`, 2021. In this American Geophysical Union publication, we cite this December 2021 article by four astro-biochemists posted in Japan and France as a latest example of one more finely set ratio between a drier or wetter rocky orbital world. If it goes too far in either direction, severe climate states of all ice or hot greenhouse can occur. Our home Earth must then be in a fortuitous, middle area wherein life can evolve, develop and learn all of this.

The climates of terrestrial planets with a small amount of surface water, called land planets, are significantly different from planets having a large amount of surface water. Land planets have a higher runaway greenhouse threshold than aqua planets. In this study, we investigate the freezing limit for surface water variations and found that a land planet climate has dry tropics that result in less snow and fewer clouds. Freezing limits for zonally uniform surface water are consistently lower than those for meridionally distributions. Our results indicate that relative water distributions have a major effect on the onset of a global ice-covered state for Earth-like exoplanets. (Abstract excerpt)

Future > Self-Selection

Wade, Jon, et al. Temporal Variation of Planetary Iron as a Driver of Evolution.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 118/51, 2021. We cite this entry by Oxford University and University of Lorraine researchers as another, quite specific instance of how chancy and arbitrary life’s long terrestrial emergent development has actually been. With regard to elemental biochemistry, how ironic it is that the consequence of an optimum speciesphere may be able to reconstruct and hopefully realize our Earthmost value and purpose.

Iron is an irreplaceable component of proteins and enzyme systems required for life. However, not much is known about iron bioavailability, with regard to planetary accretion and global fluctuations over geological eras. We describe influences of iron on planetary habitability from formation events >4 Gya and initiation of biochemistry from geochemistry through an oxygenated atmosphere. Iron and transition elements within the terrestrial core formation is a constraint on a planet’s habitability. Stellar compositions, along with metallic core-mass fraction, can be a factor into whether exoplanets can support life. Initiation of Earth life benefitted from the biochemical properties of abundant mantle/crustal iron, but a loss of iron bioavailability may have been a driver of compensatory diversity. (Abstract excerpt)

Future > Self-Selection

Wade, Jon, et al. Temporal Variation of Planetary Iron as a Driver of Evolution.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. 118/51, 2021. We cite this entry by Oxford University and University of Lorraine researchers as another specific example of how chancy and arbitrary life’s long terrestrial emergent development may actually be. How ironic it is that an Earthuman speciesphere can just now commence such a retrospective articulation.

Iron is an irreplaceable component of proteins and enzyme systems required for life. However, not much is known about iron bioavailability, with regard to planetary accretion and global fluctuations over geological eras. We describe influences of iron on planetary habitability from formation events >4 Gya and initiation of biochemistry from geochemistry through an oxygenated atmosphere. Iron and transition elements within the terrestrial core formation is a constraint on a planet’s habitability. Stellar compositions, along with metallic core-mass fraction, can be a factor into whether exoplanets can support life. Initiation of Earth life benefitted from the biochemical properties of abundant mantle/crustal iron, but a loss of iron bioavailability may have been a driver of compensatory diversity. (Abstract excerpt)

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