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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 31 through 42 of 42 found.


Ecosmomics: An Independent, Informative Source Script of Common Complex Network Systems

Cosmic Code > Genetic Info > Genome CS

Daniels, Bryan, et al. Identifying a Developmental Transition in Honey Bees Using Gene Expression Data. bioRxiv. November 7, 2022. A latest paper by Arizona State University and Banner Health, Phoenix complexity theorists including Robert Page describes how dynamic genome studies now reveal critically poised bistable states even in this prescriptive phase. This –omic occurrence of self-organized criticalities can well establish nature’s 2020s universal preference for this optimum poise. See also Social Networks Predict the Life and Death of Honey Bees by Benjamin Wile, et al in Nature Communications 12/1, 2021 and Self-Organization and the Evolution of Division of Labor by R. Page and Sandra Mitchell in Apidologie (29/1, 1998).

In many organisms, interactions among genes lead to multiple functional states, while other interactions can transition into new modes, maybe by way of critical bifurcations in dynamical systems. Here, we develop a statistical theory to identify a bistability near a transition event from gene expression data. We apply the method to honey bees where a known developmental occurrence between bees performing tasks in the nest and leaving to forage. Our approach is able to predict the emergence of bistability and link it to genes involved in the behavioral transition. (Abstract excerpt)

Social insects represent well-known examples of adaptive collective systems, combining the efforts of many individual actors to produce robust and adaptive aggregate behavior. The allocation of tasks to individuals often displays a sophisticated organization that promotes collective success. This distributed coordination of effort is the result of a complicated process reaching from the level of gene regulation to social relations. (1) To summarize, the generality of this phenomenology suggests that such critical transitions may be a common mechanism within biology, making use of the emergent properties of strongly interacting dynamical networks to generate reproducible diversity. (14)

Life's Corporeal Evolution Encodes and Organizes Itself: An EarthWin Genesis Synthesis

Quickening Evolution > major

Nonacs, Peter, et al. Social Evolution and the Major Evolutionary Transition in the History of Life. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. December, 2021. The editors for this special section are Peter Nonacs UCLA (Center for Behavior, Evolution & Culture,) Karen Kapheim, Utah State University (comparative genomics) and Heikki Helantera, University of Helsinki, (evolutionary ecology) are deeply engaged in field and conceptual studies which could be well served by an endemic structural arrangement and emergent orientation (Brief capsules in their own words below.) As an observation, just as a teleologic course could no longer be ignored (section herein), so this nested scale from 1995 is now similarly gaining a full, revelant acceptance. Its inclusion then describes a revolutionary (EarthWin) appreciation of life’s true developmental gestation. A further merit is a strongest case to date for an ascendant personsphere sapience learning on her/his own.

Among the ten entries are an overview survey: Major Evolutionary Transitions and the Roles of Facilitation and Information in Ecosystem Transformations by Amanda Robin, et al, What Do We Mean by Multicellularity? The Evolutionary Transitions Framework Provides Answers by Caroline Rose and Katrin Hammerschmidt, The Evolution of Microbial Facilitation: Sociogenesis, Symbiogenesis, and Transition in Individuality by Istvan Zachar, Gergely Boza The Major Transitions in Evolution: A Philosophy of Science Perspective by Samir Okasha and notably Design for an Individual: Connectionist Approaches to the Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality by Richard, Watson, et al (search)

In their classic 1995 book, John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmáry sketched the evident presence of eight major evolutionary transitions (METs) in the long history of life on earth. But 27 years since, optional views, and detail debates about defining features and qualities still persist. Attempts to find deep, constant patterns and processes also go on, but have not yet integrated this entire sweep of evolution and ecology from replicating molecules to loquacious humans. It seemed appropriate to post a topical issue which could gather, assimilate and enjoin these many aspects, air specific issues and consider a common, nested sequence. To wit, METs are seen to occur as fusions of independent individuals into a higher order entity, along with a novel way that information is stored and transmitted. In addition, the ecological context where this ascendant course goes on is rarely considered. Into these 2020s, new findings and novel ideas about life’s developmental stirrings, genetic bases and consequent course to our consummate global retrospective could provide a salutary synthesis. (Nonacs, et al, Introduction excerpt)

I view my research program as the intersection of Evolutionary and Behavioral Ecology explores why questions and how issues. My students and I use several approaches from mathematical theories to empirical methods and field work in Panama. Although most of my work is with social insects, we are open to any system or species depending on how well suited they are to learn about vital evolutionary phenomena. (P. Nonacs)

I began my scientific life in Kay Holekamp's lab as at Michigan State University. After a stint as a zookeeper, I went to grad school at UCLA where my PhD was co-advised by Peter Nonacs and Bob Wayne as a shift from carnivores to bees. A post-doc followed in Gene Robinson's lab at UIUC, where I got into genomic aspects. I started my own lab at Utah State University in 2014. (K. Kapheim)

I see sociality, cooperation, conflict and communication everywhere. I work on genomics and transcriptomics, behaviour, chemical ecology and conceptual approaches to evolution. Beyond social insects, another necessary topic I study is the major transitions in evolution. In regard, I carry out theoretical and empirical analyses on similarities and differences between in complex multicellularity and superorganisms. (H. Helantera)

Quickening Evolution > major

Robin, Amanda, et al.. Major Evolutionary Transitions and the Roles of Facilitation and Information in Ecosystem Transformations. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. December, 2021. A contribution by UCLA and Stanford University biologists to a special Social Evolution and the Major Evolutionary Transition in the History of Life issue (see Peter Nonacs for review) which provides a rare, latest extension of this emergent scale onto its global fulfillment. Such a obvious but unfamiliar perception likely had to hold off until a 2020s retrospect to admit and appreciate this evident domain which has long been the basis for our EarthWise attribution. In regard, we offer an array of quotes.

Into the 21st century, the presence of “Major Evolutionary Transitions” (METs) with novel forms of organismal complexity, information and individuality have gained increasing notice among biologists. Into these 2020s, we introduce this special collection meant to gather many findings into an overdue full scale, explanatory recognition of life’s main ascendant course. We also seek to provide this evolutionary sequence within an ecological basis, aka Major System Transitions (MSTs). In regard, important morphological adaptations are noted that spread through populations because of direct-fitness advantages for individuals. We elucidate the role of information across five levels: (I) Encoded; (II) Epigenomic; (III) Learned; (IV) Inscribed; and (V) Dark, newly due to abiotic entities rather than organisms. Level IV is then seen to engender a worldwide human phase emergence. (Abstract excerpt)

The Levels of Information: Instructional: Information is transformed into physical, symbolic formats that have vast storage capacity. An instructional corpus can far exceed the combined encoded, epigenetic, learned and iconic content previously available to any single individual. Across the tree of life, only humans are known to have ever extensively created and used instructional information. Dark: Information produced by abiotic computer programs which are so complicated that biological organisms cannot replicate or derive. Examples are: internet search engines; global climate models; bioinformatic analyses of genetic data sets; neural network simulations and genetic algorithm models. The potential reach of this information may exceed that of the species that creates it, to the extent that it may become a new ‘living species’ in and of itself. (4)

The capacity for symbolic representation of language is critical for the emergence of technological innovations that expanded the realized niche for humans exponentially and paved the path to a global MST. We proliferated across every continent and environment on Earth while substantially impacting these ecosystems. One example of inscribed language producing global-altering information and technology is the very existence of the discipline of evolutionary science and the systematic study of life itself. Humans are uniquely able
to understand how evolution works. (15)

Quickening Evolution > major

Watson, Richard, et al. Design for an Individual: Connectionist Approaches to the Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.. March, 2022. This entry to a Major Evolutionary Transitions issue (Nonacs) by RW, University of Southampton, Michael Levin, Tufts University and Christopher Buckley, University of Sussex contributes a quantified affirmation that each subsequent level of life’s emergence does constitute a new personal entity. As the authors (search) have noted, this long oriented course can now define trace a stirring neural cognizance from its basal, minimum origin. As a result, as life and mind evolves and learns, an early connectionism model can gain credible utility. A graphic displays how isolate entities become interactive to an extent that they deepen and form a new, higher relative personal group. The collegial paper achieves a broad, 2020s verification of this nested scale, with all it implies for a personsphere sapience.

From our late year, we might view evolution not how it makes individuals better adapted, but how it creates organisms themselves. All such entities are made of parts that used to be units by themselves. In these “evolutionary transitions in individuality” the component elements (cells) work together to form new organismic entity upon which selection can act. Here we seek to explain by way of adaptive principles in learning systems such as connectionist neural networks. By this model, functional relationships between components integrate information integration and act collectively action, can result via distributed and unsupervised methods. We explore interactive structures necessary for (a) evolutionary individuality (b) organismic individuality and (c) non-linear connectionist networks. (Excerpt)

Life’s Cerebral Faculties Become More Complex, Smarter, Informed, Proactive, Self-Aware

Earth Life > Intelligence

Watson, Richard, et al. Design for an Individual: Connectionist Approaches to the Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.. March, 2022. This entry to a Major Evolutionary Transitions issue (Nonacs) by RW, University of Southampton, Michael Levin, Tufts University and Christopher Buckley, University of Sussex contributes a quantified affirmation that each subsequent level of life’s emergence does constitute a new personal entity. As the authors (search) have noted, this long oriented course can now define trace a stirring neural cognizance from its basal, minimum origin. As a result, as life and mind evolves and learns, an early connectionism model can gain credible utility. A graphic displays how isolate entities become interactive to an extent that they deepen and form a new, higher relative personal group. The collegial paper achieves a broad, 2020s verification of this nested scale, with all it implies for a personsphere sapience. (see A. Robin)

From our late year, we might view evolution not how it makes individuals better adapted, but how it creates organisms themselves. All such entities are made of parts that used to be units by themselves. In these “evolutionary transitions in individuality” the component elements (cells) work together to form new organismic entity upon which selection can act. Here we seek to explain by way of adaptive principles in learning systems such as connectionist neural networks. By this model, functional relationships between components integrate information integration and act collectively action, can result via distributed and unsupervised methods. We explore interactive structures necessary for (a) evolutionary individuality (b) organismic individuality and (c) non-linear connectionist networks. (Excerpt)

Our Earthuman Ascent: A Major Evolutionary Transition in Individuality

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies

Manrique, Pedro, et al. Shockwaves and Turbulence across Social Media. arXiv:2210.14382. George Washington University sociophysicists including Neil Johnson continue their project to show how all manner of wild public phenomena from terrorism, hot conflicts, epidemics to online rants in this case can yet be seen to hold to and exhibit complex system dynamics. Once ever again, since one same genetic-like source code programs this organic ecosmos, its formative presence is in effect everywhere.

Online communities featuring 'anti-X' hate and extremism, somehow thrive online despite moderator pressure. We present a first-principles theory of their dynamics, which accounts for the fact that the online population comprises diverse individuals and evolves in time. The resulting equation represents a novel generalization of nonlinear fluid physics and explains the observed behavior across scales. Its shockwave-like solutions explain how, why and when such activity rises from 'out-of-nowhere', and show how it can be delayed, re-shaped and even prevented by adjusting the online collective chemistry. This theory and findings should also be applicable to anti-X activity in next-generation ecosystems featuring blockchain platforms and Metaverses.

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Physiology

Gonzalrz, Leonardo, et al. Modeling an Urban Highway: A Statistical Physics Point of View. arXiv:2208.13620. An entry by Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico complexity theorists of 2022 endeavors to progress onward to show how even far removed city phases can be rooted in and unified with the deepest natural substantial realms. See also Statistical Mechanics of Thermally Controlled Multi-Zone Buildings by Lucas Valenzuela, et al at 2208.13099 for a similar project in the USA and Local Multifractality in Urban Systems: Housing Prices in Paris by J. Lengyel, et al in the Journal of Physics: Complexity. (3/4, 2022). Here are examples at the frontiers of our Earthuman whole scale quantification.

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Christian, David. Future Stories. New York: Little, Brown, 2022. The Macquarie University, Australia big historian notably founded this widest integral field in the early 2000s. After many popular writings and collegial projects (search) this new work turns about to look ahead, imagine and survey further trajectories of life’s entire evolutionary course, as we Earthlings may be able to track and trace. True to style, sections run from how microbes seem to sense and plan, onto to life’s emergent, communal, cognizant organisms, and to our sentient, curious selves as we may begin to scan and consider near and far astronomic complexities.

But as his prior works have emphasized, a special emphasis is the constant occasion of a collective learning process in all manner of groupings by which they sustain, prevail and ascend. See Optimizing the Location of the Colony of Foragers with Collective Learning by Sanchayan Bhowal, et al (arXiv:2211.02424) from the references. We would then highlight the cultural importance of this natural tendency and extend it to our EarthSmart Learns moment as another way to appreciate how our planetary prodigy can gain vital knowledge on her/his own.

The future is uncertain, possibly dangerous, maybe wonderful. We cope with this uncertainty by telling stories about the future. This book is thus about looking ahead as a sort of a User’s Guide. We all need such a guide because the future is where we will spend the rest of our lives. David Christian, historian and author of Origin Story, is renowned for pioneering the emerging discipline of Big History, which surveys the whole of the past. But with this volume, he casts his expansive vision forward to introduce whatever near and farther realms might be imagined from the individual to the cosmological. (Excerpt)

The Social and Cultural Differences of Language and Collective Learning: Along with those enhanced skills our lineage got an unexpected evolutionary bonus. Larger brains enabled an even more transformative change: collective learning. Many species have some form of culture because they can share information. But humans can uniquely transfer detailed knowledge across scales and generations to an extent that an accumulated store is achieved. That is what I mean by this phrase, and ability which has taken over the whole world. As collective repositories grew our lifeways, thought processes and technologies have profoundly changed. (122-123)

Earth Earns: Our Open Participatory Earthropocene to Ecosmocene CoCreativity

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Das, Anirban, et al. Dark Matter Induced Power in Quantum Devices. arXiv:2210.09313. We cite this paper by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory physicists, among much similar work each day to once record the apparent limitless abilities of our Earthuman ecosmic descriptive project. At what point might we peoples ask whatever is our participant role and purpose of this micro-ecosmic sdescriptive self quantification.

We present single quasiparticle devices as new dark matter (DM) detectors. The threshold of these devices is set by the cooper pair binding energy, which is so low that they can detect DM as light as about an MeV incoming from the Galactic halo.. Using power measurements with these devices, we set new constraints on the DM scattering cross section for DM masses from about 1 MeV to 10 GeV. We note future directions to improve halo DM and a thermalized DM population in the Earth using power deposition in quantum devices. (Excerpt)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Lale, Rahmi, et al. A Universal Approach to Gene Expression Engineering. Synthetic Biology. 7/1, 2022. Twelve Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim and Bielefeld University Germany biochemists come up with a versatile method to parse genomic processes, as they gain a wider influence, so to better analyze and enhance. Thus a global intellect proceeds apace to intentionally continue and advance life’s grand genesis.

In this study, we provide a universal approach to Gene Expression Engineering (GeneEE) for creating artificial expression systems which creates artificial 5ʹ regulatory sequences (ARES). The ARES recruit RNA polymerase, related sigma factors and ribosomal proteins that result in a wide range of expression levels. To showcase the universality of the approach, we demonstrate that 200-nucleotide (nt)-long DNA with random composition can be used to generate functional expression systems in six bacterial species. (Abstract excerpt)

We demonstrate that using the GeneEE approach, artificial gene expression systems can be created in all seven investigated microbes utilizing six markers/reporters. The GeneEE approach relies on nature’s ability to detect functional sequences among a set of DNA with random DNA composition. In this aspect, the approach can be applied in any HoI, making it a universal and versatile strategy for creating artificial gene expres-sion systems capable of functionally expressing a wide range of CDSs in a variety of host microorganisms. (11)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Yilmaz, Suzan, et al. Towards Next-Generation Cell Factories by Rational Geome-Scale Engineering. Nature Catalysis. 5/9, 2022. Wageningen University, the Netherlands, Harvard Medical School (George Church) and MIT innovators look toward novel abilities and advances as this epic intentional phase begins life’s new cocreativity.

Metabolic engineering holds the promise to transform the chemical industry and transition into a circular bioeconomy by way of cellular biocatalysts. But to realize its potential, optimum synthetic networks, aka cell factories, need be made at system and genome-wide levels. Recent advances in genome-editing methods enable directed engineering for many relevant microorganisms and can benefit from machine learning. These approaches can achieve next-generation cell factories for efficient, sustainable production of a wide range of products. (Excerpt)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Ecovillages

Foster, Sheila and Christian Iaione. Co-Cities: Innovative Transitions Toward Just and Self-Sustaining Communities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2022. Georgetown University and University of Rome urban policy professors provide a latest book-length exposition of this societal protocell creative unity movement, as such a beneficial new way of cooperative living becomes vitally imperative.

The majority of the world’s people live in cities but often their vulnerable populations do not have adequate housing, safe water, healthy food, and other essentials. Yet, urban centers, if of a mind to do so, can mitigate inequities they create. With many worldwide examples, Co-Cities describes practices, laws protocols and policies that are fostering the provision of urban services, collaborative economies, and more as they drive sustainable development, and equitable regeneration of inner city blight.

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