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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 46 through 60 of 67 found.

WumanKinder: An Emergent Earthomo Transition in Individuality

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Conscious Knowledge

Aru, Jaan, et al. Cellular Mechanisms of Conscious Processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. September, 2020. By virtue of the latest theories and techniques, Humboldt University of Berlin neurobiologists advance ways that human awareness can be associated with and seen to arise from intrinsic, complex neuronal properties and interactivities. Might one imagine a quickening ecosmos is stirring and awakening into its own perceptive sentience?

Recent breakthroughs in neurobiology can help us understand how cellular-level mechanisms are related to conscious experience. Here, we study the biophysical properties of pyramidal cells which allow them to act as gates that control the evolution of global activation patterns. In conscious states, this cellular mechanism enables complex sustained dynamics within the thalamocortical system, whereas during unconscious states, such signal propagation is prohibited. We then suggest that conscious processing is the flexible integration of bottom-up and top-down data streams at the cellular level. This cellular integration mechanism provides the foundation for Dendritic Information Theory, a novel neurobiological theory of consciousness. (Abstract)

Apical Compartment: part of the pyramidal cell toward the surface of the cortex. It integrates contextual information from the corticocortical and thalamocortical loops. Basal compartment: part of the pyramidal cell around the cell body including the basal dendrites that controls the spike output of the cell. The basal compartment mainly receives feature specific information. (Glossary, 2)

These two information streams could also be seen as the first-order representation in the basal compartment and the higher order representation in the apical compartment. Hence, this cellular mechanism within the L5p cells could lay the foundation for higher order theories of consciousness. In summary, the architecture and biophysical properties of the L5p cells enable flexible integration of segregated data streams. Here we point out that the segregation and integration of data streams within a pyramidal neuron are conceptually fundamental and render cognitive, high-level, or global descriptions. Dendritic integration of segregated data streams might be the defining characteristic of conscious processing. (9)

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Symbiotic Self

Heersmink, Richard. Varieties of the Extended Self. Consciousness and Cognition. September, 2020. A La Trobe University, Melbourne philosophical psychologist considers how novel conceptions of one’s personal identity as widely spreading to and involved in web informative and group societal domains might imply an expanded sense of personal identity. In regard, the paper reviews a latest array of integrative and contrasting approaches and opinions.

This article provides an overview and analysis of recent work on the extended self whose boundaries fluidly shift across biological, artifactual, and sociocultural phases. We first offer a sense of a minimal self, person, and narrative self and then look at how philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive scientists see embodiment, cognition, emotion, consciousness, and moral character traits as extended. The main focus is on the link between the extended mind and extended self, which has received the most attention in recent literature. This article thus draws out some conceptual, methodological, and normative implications of the extended self and suggests directions for future research. (Abstract excerpt)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies

Bell, James, et al. Beyond COVID-19: Network Science and Sustainable Exit Strategies. arXiv:2009.12968. A report from a virtual conference across the USA and UK to Australia by 14 complexity theorists and scholars including Sara Walker, Ginestra Bianconi, Paul Davies and Mikhail Prokopenko so to apply these deeper mathematics to better distill, discern and advise. Again we add that their independent, universal presence needs to be formally realized and confirmed, by which to gain a further insightful dimension.

On May 28th and 29th, a two day workshop was held virtually, facilitated by the Beyond Center at ASU and Moogsoft Inc. The aim was to bring together leading scientists with an interest in Network Science and Epidemiology to attempt to inform public policy in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Epidemics are at their core a process that progresses dynamically upon a network, and are a key area of study in Network Science. In the course of the workshop a wide survey of the state of the subject was conducted. We summarize in this paper a series of perspectives of the subject, and where the authors believe fruitful areas for future research are to be found. (Abstract)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Religions

Saroglou, Vassilis, et al. Believing, Bonding, Behaving, and Belonging: The Cognitive, Emotional, Moral, and Social Dimensions of Religiousness across Cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 51/7-8, 2020. By way of more advanced, extensive studies to date, seventeen coauthors from Belgium, the USA, Slovenia, Switzerland, Turkey, Taiwan, Italy, Greece, Spain, Germany, France and Costa Rica again find broad tendencies between Eastern and Western societies which generally favor and hold to either individualist or communitarian religious preferences and behaviors.

Based on the four prime dimensions of religiousness, Believing, Bonding, Behaving, and Belonging, and their cognitive, emotional, moral, and social motives and functions, we investigated cross-cultural consistencies as well as inter-individual variability. We studied Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodox Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism/Taoism across 14 countries. Beyond high interrelation and common personality correlates of agreeableness and conscientiousness, the four modes were less interrelated in Eastern Asia compared to the West and characterized by distinct features. Believing and bonding were preferred in Western secular societies. Behaving and belonging were related to fundamentalism, authoritarianism, and lower openness. Bonding and behaving were respectively evident in Israel and Turkey. (Abstract excerpt)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Balbi, Amedeo. A History of Cosmic Habitability. Journal of Big History. 4/2, 2020. This paper presented by the University of Rome Tor Vergata astrophysicist at the Life in the Universe: Big History, SETI and the Future conference in Milan in July 2019 provides a widest scientific retrospective scan of our resultant human worldwide presence. And by a philosophical view, one might wonder about what kind of overall scenario is being revealed to us. Whom are we regnant, curious, valiant peoples to be able to learn this, and for what reason and purpose?

Our understanding of the universe is based on the big bang cosmological model, which describes an expanding universe whose development began 13.8 billion years ago from a hot, dense state. This model introduces a strong evolutionary and historical perspective to the account of many observed physical phenomena, including the origin of life and its possible distribution in the universe. I discuss how properly taking the “big picture” and its temporal unfolding into account is relevant for the scope of astrobiology and SETi. (Abstract)

The fact that we live in an expanding universe with a finite age whose average state changed dramatically over time introduces a historical perspective to many of the physical processes that science tries to explain. I have argued that the problem of the origin of life, on Earth and elsewhere, must fully embrace this historical and evolutionary point of view. Investigating the history of cosmic habitability—i.e., of the propensity of the universe to host life—can illuminate many aspects of contemporary research in both astrobiology and
SETI. (4)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Korotayev, Andrey and David LePoire, eds. The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures: A Big History Perspective. International: Springer, 2020. As the summary next says, here are collected essays within a World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures series with a Russian cosmist philosophy (search) context. Their general message is a need for an expansive Earthwide spatial vista, set not only within a historic train but all the way back to cosmic evolutionary origins. By many aspects such as information, mobility, gene sequence, industry, and cities, a consummate, imminent moment for our rarest, cognizant planet then becomes evident. While notice of Ray Kurzweil’s tech takeover (search) is made, a broader, epochal transformation is well sketched. With regard to this resource site, a second ecosmic singular event of universal import does seem in imminent occurrence as Earth life’s emergence reaches its spherical superorganic spherical transformation.

Typical chapters are Singularity of Evolution and Post-singular Development in the Big History Perspective by Alexander Panov, The Twenty-First Century’s Mysterious Singularity” in the Light of Big History by Akop Nazaretyan, Big History as a Roadmap for the Future by Elise Bohan, and Global Brain: A Distributed Singularity by Cadell Last (search). See also the Journal of Big History, issue 4/2, 2020, for companion papers from a Life in the Universe: Big History, SETI and the Future conference in Milan, July 2019.

Andrey Korotayev heads the Laboratory for Sociopolitical Destabilization Risks at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. David LePoire holds a PhD in Computer Science from DePaul University, and a BS in Physics from CalTech.

This book introduces a 'Big History' perspective to understand the acceleration of social, technological and economic trends towards a near-term singularity, marking a radical turning point in the evolution of our planet. It traces the emergence of innovation rates through global history and highlights transformations throughout the evolution of life, humans, and civilization. The chapters survey historical mega-trends with regard to technology, population, energy, and information, models that can help understand mechanisms, future scenarios, along with paths and decisions that are required, philosophical perspectives on the meanings and implications of trends towards singularity, and finally the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. (Synopsis)

Pedia Sapiens: A New Genesis Future

Future > Old World > Climate

Dijkstra, Henk, et al. Networks in Climate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Four authors posted in the Netherlands, Spain and Uruguay contribute to later 2010s abilities by which even world wild weather can be quantified and understood by way of nonlinear, self-organizing systems and topologies. Typical topics cover how to analyze the presence of atmospheric connectivities, oceanic El Nino wave dynamics, tipping behaviors, Indian monsoon and much more.

Future > Old World > Climate

Fan, Jingfang, et al. Statistical Physics Approaches to the Complex Earth System. arXiv:2009.04918. We make special note of this later 2020 entry by eight authorities with postings in Germany, China, Israel, and Russia including Jurgen Kurths and Shlomo Havlin because after 144 pages and 400+ references it affirms that even hyper-active global weather can be well quantified and maybe mitigated by the presence of the same nonlinear self-organized critical dynamics, fractal topologies and so on as everywhere else. One might then view our lively Gaian planet as just now forming an Earthomo faculty for its vital sustainability going forward. Typical sections are The Earth as a Complex System, Scaling Theory, and Long-Range Correlations, and Earthquake Scale Invariance.

Global climate change, extreme climate events, earthquakes and their accompanying natural disasters pose significant risks to humanity. However over the past years, the emergence and evolution of Earth system science has produced new conceptual frameworks such as novel statistical physics and complex networks-based techniques to substantially advance a better understanding of climate extreme events, earthquakes and Earth geometric relief features, and more so to achieve much improved predictions. We present a comprehensive review of how combined statistical physics and complex systems science approaches such as critical phenomena, network theory, percolation, tipping points analysis, entropy theory can be applied to complex, dynamic Earth systems. (Abstract excerpt)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Bharadwaj, Sachin and Katepalli Sreenivasan. Quantum Computation of Fluid Dynamics. arXiv:2007.09147. In a paper to appear in the Pramana-Journal of Physics of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Springer), NYU mathematicians (KS is the emeritus dean of the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, which originally was the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn that I graduated from in 1960) scope out this open frontier as previous classical and quantum realms come together with breakthrough benefit.

Studies of strongly nonlinear dynamical systems such as turbulent flows call for superior computational prowess. With the advent of quantum computing, a plethora of quantum algorithms have demonstrated, both theoretically and experimentally, more powerful computational possibilities than their classical counterparts. Starting with a brief introduction to quantum computing, we will distill a few key tools and algorithms from the huge spectrum of methods available, and evaluate possible approaches of quantum computing in fluid dynamics. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Bindi, Luca, et al. Producing Highly Complicated Materials: Nature Does It Better. Reports on Progress in Physics. 83/10, 2020. Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Universite de Lorraine, St Petersburg State University, École Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, and Universita di Pisa materials scientists, quite a panEuropean team, post a 40 page survey of ways that collaborative human agency can take up and continue Nature’s structural creativity going forward. As noted, this new phase can also intentionally apply complex systems principles, along with instrumentation advances. An array of complex compounds, aperiodic crystals, and many more are described in deep textual and visual detail.

Through the years, mineralogical studies have produced a tremendous amount of data on the atomic arrangement and mineral properties. Quite often, structural analysis has elucidated the role played by minor components, giving insights into the physico-chemical conditions of crystallization and the description of unpredictable structures that represented a body of knowledge for assessing their technological potentialities. Using such a rich database, further steps became appropriate and possible into more advanced knowledge. These frontiers assume the name of modularity, complexity, aperiodicity, and matter organization at unconventional levels, and will be discussed in this review. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Markovic, Danijela and Julie Grolier. Quantum Neuromorphic Computing. arXiv:2006.15111. We note this entry by CNRS, University of Paris-Saclay physicists as an instance of a 2020s hyper-synthesis by an effective integration of deep physical and active cerebral qualities. See also Physics for Neuromorphic Computing by the authors and colleagues in Nature Reviews Physics (2/499, 2020).

Quantum neuromorphic computing physically implements neural networks in brain-inspired quantum hardware so to speed up their computation. In this perspective article, we show that this emerging paradigm could make best use of existing and near future intermediate size quantum computers. Some approaches are based on parametrized quantum circuits, and use neural network-inspired algorithms to train them. Other approaches, closer to classical neuromorphic computing, take advantage of the physical properties of quantum oscillator assemblies to mimic neurons and compute. (Abstract)

Over the past years, quantum and neuromorphic computing have emerged as two leading visions for the future of computation. Quantum computing makes use of intrinsic properties such as entanglement and superposition to design algorithms that are faster than classical ones. Neuromorphic computing gets inspiration from the brain and uses complex ensembles of artificial neurons and synapses to mimic animal intelligence and calculate faster with low energy consumption. In this article we review convergences between these two fields, and on the experimental implementations of neuromorphic computing on quantum hardware. (1)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Mehr, Hessam, et al. A Universal System for Digitization and Automatic Execution of the Chemical Synthesis Literature. Science. 370/101, 2020. As our collective human acumen begins to take up and over a new material creation, aka synthetic chemistry, University of Glasgow chemists including Leroy Cronin describe how language-based computational methods can enhance and speed up the process. The project involves both the detection of current natural forms, along with finding and making novel compositions for a better life and planet.

Robotic systems for chemical synthesis are growing in popularity but can be difficult to run and maintain because of the lack of a standard operating system or capacity for access to the literature through natural language processing. Here we describe an extendable chemical execution architecture that can be informed by automatically reading the literature so to achieve a universal autonomous workflow. We showcase automated syntheses of 12 compounds from the literature, including the analgesic lidocaine, the Dess-Martin periodinane oxidation reagent, and the fluorinating agent AlkylFluor. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Norreys, Peter, et al. Prospects for High Gain Inertial Fusion Energy: An Introduction to the First Special Edition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. October, 2020. An introduction to papers from a March 2020 London meeting about progress and problems with large scale, practical usage of this atomic power source. In any event, it seems that human intellect is actually capable of learning about and taking over nature’s deep energies.

A European consortium of 15 laboratories across nine nations have worked together by way of EUROFusion Enabling Research grants for the past decade with three principle objectives. These are: (a) investigating obstacles to ignition on megaJoule-class laser facilities; (b) investigating novel alternative approaches to ignition, including fast ignition, auxiliary heating, shock ignition etc.; and (c) developing technologies that will be required for a fusion reactor. The Hooke discussion meeting was an opportunity to reflect on progress in inertial confinement fusion research world-wide to date. (Abstract)

Inertial Confinement Fusion is a type of fusion energy research that attempts to initiate nuclear fusion reactions by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and tritium. (Wikipedia)

Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Wasielewski, Michael, et al. Exploiting Chemsitry and Molecular Systems for Quantum Information Science. Nature Reviews Chemistry. 4/490, 2020. We cite this paper by sixteen chemists from universities across the USA including Birgitta Whaley (UC Berkeley) for both its authorship and how novel integrations across wide realms from deep physical domains to cognitive resources can initiate and enhance a new intentional phase of synthetic chemistry and material procreations. See also Quantum Neuromorphic Computing by Markovic, Danijela Markovic and Julie Grolier at arXiv:2006.15111.

The power of chemistry to prepare new molecules and materials has driven the quest for approaches to solve problems having global societal impact such as renewable energy, healthcare and communication. In the latter case, the intrinsic quantum nature of the electronic, nuclear and spin degrees of freedom in molecules offers intriguing possibilities to advance quantum information science. In this Perspective, which resulted from a Dept. of Energy workshop in November 2018, we discuss how chemical systems and reactions can impact quantum computing, knowledge conveyance and sensing methods. (Abstract)

Future > New Earth > second genesis

Bianco, Simone, et al. Towards Computer-aided Design of Cellular Structure. Physical Biology. 17/2, 2020. Center for Cellular Construction researchers (see below) in league with UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco biophysicists including Wallace Marshall scope out this frontier 2020s phase when collective human intellect can begin a new, second, palliative, respectful genesis procreation.

Cells are complex machines with salutary potential for applications in medicine and biotechnology. Although much effort has been devoted to engineering the metabolic, genetic, and signaling pathways of cells, methods for systematically engineering the physical structure of cells are less developed. Here we consider how coarse-grained models for cellular geometry at the organelle level can be used to build computer-aided design (CAD) tools for cellular structure. (Abstract excerpt)

Welcome to the Center for Cellular Construction, an NSF Science and Technology Center. Our mission is to advance cell biology by learning how to engineer the physical structure and interactions of living cells, so they become living bioreactors and modules of novel self-organizing devices. Accomplishing these goals will provide a new basis for tackling important global challenges of the 21st century.

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