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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Genesis Vision
Learning Planet
Organic Universe
Earth Life Emerge
Genesis Future
Recent Additions

Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 61 through 70 of 70 found.

Earth Earns: An Open Participatory Earthropocene to Astropocene CoCreativity

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Kaku, Michio. Quantum Supremacy: How the Quantum Computer Revolution Will Change Everything. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2023. In his latest contribution (search) the physicist science explainer once again illumes this positive frontier which through humankind's imagination and cooperative endeavor has a grand opportunity to achieve a much better, sustained future. I will review much more in the days ahead.

An exhilarating tour of humanity's next great technological achievement—quantum computing—which may eventually illuminate the deepest mysteries of science, supercharge artificial intelligence, and solve some of humanity's biggest problems, like global warming, world hunger, and incurable disease,

The runaway success of the microchip processor may be reaching its end. Running up against the physical constraints of smaller and smaller sizes, traditional silicon chips are not likely to prove useful in solving humanity’s greatest challenges, from climate change, to global starvation, to incurable diseases. But the quantum computer, which harnesses the power and complexity of the atomic realm, already promises to be every bit as revolutionary as the transistor and microchip once were. Its unprecedented gains in computing power herald advancements that could change every aspect of our daily lives.

Told with Kaku’s signature clarity and enthusiasm, Quantum Supremacy is the story of this exciting frontier and the race to claim humanity’s future.

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Lanes, Olivia. Quantum Physics for K-12. Scientific American. September, 2023. We note this article by the PhD leader of the IBM Quantum Community (search name for much more info) as an instance of the mid 2020s pediakinder Earthwise cocreative mission. It is vital for students to learn about quantum informational computations going forward. From arcane, opaque origins a century ago, a revolutionary project across the atomic, cosmic and complex, intelligent living systems infinities may begin apace as our participatory destiny.

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Mind Over Matter

Rollo, Jennifer, et al. A Dynamical Systems Approach for Multiscale Synthesis of Alzheimer’s Pathogenesis.. Neuron. 111/14, 2023. University College London and University of Glasgow neurologists post and scope out, as the abstract says, to move beyond prior limitations, by new understandings of deep complexities that underlie and suffuse all manner of cerebral and actually cognitive deficits. This novel advance can reveal new insightful dimensions not possible before.

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a spatially dynamic pathology that implicates a growing volume of multiscale data spanning genetic, cellular, tissue, and organ levels of the organization. These bioinformatic analyses provide clear evidence for the interactions within and between these levels. The resulting heterarchy precludes a linear neuron-centric approach and requires that they are measured so to predict their impact on the emergent dynamics of the disease. We propose a new methodology that uses non-linear dynamical systems modeling that links with a community-wide participatory platform to co-create and test system-level interventions. We argue that such an approach is essential to support the discovery of multilevel-coordinated polypharmaceutical interventions. (Abstract)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Elani, Yuval and John M. Seddon. What it means to be alive: a synthetic cell perspective. Interface Focus. August, 2023. An introduction to papers from a R0yal S0ciety November 2022 symposium about Cell mimicry: bottom-up engineering of life.’ An initial entry by Stephen Mann with this title well scopes out the many potentials of these novel abilities going forward. Some other papers are On biochemical constructors and synthetic cells by Sebastian Maerkl and DNA droplets for intelligent and dynamical artificial cells: from the viewpoint of computation and non-equilibrium systems by Masahiro Takinoue.

Advances in bottom-up synthetic biology offer the exciting—albeit contentious—prospect of transitioning bio-science researchers from passive observers of life to potential creators of it. Synthetic cells closely emulate the attributes of their biological counterparts. These rationally designed microsystems exhibit emergent properties and life-like functionalities. They can therefore be used as simplified cell models to decipher the rules of life, and as programmable biologically powered micromachines for application in healthcare and biotechnology more broadly. (Elani and Seddon)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Flani, Yuval and John M. Seddon. ‘Cell mimicry: bottom-up engineering of life’. Interface Focus. August, 2023. A special issue of papers from a November 2022 Royal Society Scientific Discussion Meeting on this topical frontier. A lead article by Stephen Mann sets the scenic vjsta, followed by On biochemical constructors and synthetic cells by sebastian Maerkl, DNA droplets for intelligent and dynamical artificial cells: from the viewpoint of computation and non-equilibrium systems by Masahiro Takinoue and so on.

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Li, Heng and Richard Durbin. Genome assembly in the telomere-to-telomere era. arXiv:2308.07877. Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston biomedical to informatic researchers provide a detailed survey of this latest frontier as collaborative human acumen begins to parse, edit and read/write anew as a beneficial second genesis procreativity. And we cite the quote line that this work would not be possible a few years ago to note how fast science is advancing, which this Earthica intends to document.

De novo assembly is the process of reconstructing the genome sequence of an organism. Genome sequences are essential to biology, and assembly has been a central problem in bioinformatics. Until recently, genomes were composed of fragments with a few megabases but now long-reads enable near complete chromosome-level assembly, also known as telomere-to-telomerey. Here we review recent progress and how to derive near telomere-to-telomere assemblies and discuss potential future developments. (Abstract)

Thanks to the availability of PacBio HiFi reads and ONT ultra-long reads, the quality of de novo
assembly has improved dramatically in the past two years. Now a fully automated assembler
can phase and assemble some chromosomes from telomere to telomere for diploid mammals
and other species with large genomes. This was unthinkable in mid 2020. (11)

It is important to note that a complete assembly only sets a start for downstream biological
discoveries. While genome assembly has progressed rapidly, genome alignment and annotation tools have lagged far behind. We hope to see continued development of these tools in the future to realize the full power of (near) complete assembly. (12)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Sinha, Souvik, et al. Establishing the Fundamental Rules for Genetic Code Expansion. Nature Chemistry.. Nature Chemistry. July, 2023. UC Riverside biochemists scope out some ways by our which latest global acumen seems able to, incredibly, to begin to beneficially and carefully revise, edit, amend life;s genetic basis.

Genetic code expansion beyond α-amino acids by stitching together non-natural building blocks within the ribosome is a critical barrier is a latest frontier. Recently, molecular elements for the incorporation of non-natural amino acids into the ribosome has served to accelerate ribosomal synthesis. The reactivity of non-native substrates at the peptidyl transferase centre (PTC) of the ribosome, which catalyses the peptide bond formation, varies significantly and affects the reaction yield. Hence, it is of very vital to know the structural features that discriminate between reactive and non-reactive substrates at the PTC.

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > democracy

Liu, Wei, et al. The precursor of the critical transitions in majority vote model with the noise feedback from the vote layer. arXiv: 2307:11398. This entry by Xian University, Beijing Normal University and Chinese Academy of Sciences physicists is a good example of how an integration of statistical physics theory to social situations can reveal deep formative principles at work. Their novel worldwise knowledge, if realized and availed, could advise a much better, middle balance.

In this paper, we investigate phase transitions in the Majority-Vote model coupled with noise layers of different structures. We examine the Square lattice and Random-regular networks, as well as their combinations, for both vote layers and noise layers. Our findings reveal the presence of independent third-order phase transitions in all cases, and dependent third-order transitions when critical transitions occur. This suggests that dependent third-order transitions may serve as precursors to critical transitions in non-equilibrium systems. Furthermore, we observe that when the structure of the vote layers is local, the coupling between the vote layer and the noise layer leads to the absence of critical phenomena.

Phase transitions exist widely in nature. From traditional materials to the biological flock, both of equilibrium and non-equilibrium critical transitions show similar scaling behaviors in the same universality classes[1, 2]. The transition from a disordered configuration to an ordered state in social systems such as opinion formation, cultural dynamics, language dynamics has attracted much attention in recent years as well[3]. Near the critical point, the social systems exhibit
a quick response to external disturb or the avalanche effect. Hence, predetermination of the critical points or the location of the points should be of significance. (1)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Viable Gaia

Giammarese, Adam, et al. Reconfiguration of Amazon's Connectivity in the Climate System. arXiv:2307.05505. This entry by Rochester Institute of Technology and University of Connecticut is a good 2023 instance of how complex network systems science is being fed back and applied on a local and global scale to mitigate harmful conditions and as a better guide ahead.

With the recent increase in deforestation, forest fires, and regional temperatures, the concerns around the rapid and complete collapse of the Amazon rainforest ecosystem have heightened. However, our analysis presented here shows that signatures of changing Amazon are already apparent in historical climate data sets. Here, we extend the methods of climate network analysis and apply them to study the temporal evolution of the connectivity between the Amazon rainforest and the global climate system. We observe that the Amazon rainforest is losing short-range connectivity and gaining more long-range connections, indicating shifts in regional-scale processes. Our methodology innovations can act as a template for examining the spatiotemporal patterns of regional climate change and its impact on global climate using the toolbox of climate network analysis.

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > Viable Gaia

Xu, Yipeng, et al. Revive, Restore, Revitalize: An Eco-economic Methodology for Maasai Mara. arXiv:2309.07165. We enter this surely global endeavor by University of Nottingham Ningbo China scholars as a good example of how the latest mathematical sciences can effectively be fed back and applied to remediate and improve conditions everywhere. Its Keywords are Agent-based Model, TOPSIS, Entropy Weight Method, Swarm Algorithm, Fitness Proportional Selection, Differential Equation, Monte Carlo Methods. If disparate nations can ever hold to the recent G20 Summit theme of One Earth, Family, Future, an actual Earthropocene sustainability might be achieved.

The Maasai Mara in Kenya, renowned for its biodiversity, is witnessing ecosystem degradation and species endangerment due to intensified human activities. Here we introduce a dynamic system harmonizing ecological and human priorities. Our agent-based model employs the metabolic rate-mass relationship for animal energy dynamics, logistic curves for animal growth, individual interactions for food web simulation, and human impacts. Algorithms like fitness proportional selection and particle swarm mimic organism preferences for resources. We classified the policy impacts into three categories: Environmental Preservation, Economic Prosperity, and Holistic Development. By applying these policy groupings to our ecosystem model, we tracked the effects on the intricate animal-human-resource dynamics. (Excerpt)

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