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GLOSSARY
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A Note to the Reader

The capability of the Google search engine, along with content on the Internet, has grown to such an extent that these glossary terms and any other can be typed in this way: "define fractal," and so on. This will access the vast online online scientific and academic encyclopedias, dictionaries and web postings.

Adaptive

An agent such as an organism may both adapt to and alter its environment through bodily and behavioral means.

Agent-Based Modeling

Another phrase for self-organizing complex adaptive systems which emphasizes the activity of independent agents such as people that are in constant creative dialogue with each other.

Algorithome

An Algorithm is a set of mathematical, procedural rules which specify a sequence of steps to be carried out to solve a problem or perform an operation. Algorithome is meant to represent its implied genetic-like content and function.

Anthropic Principle

A theory that the presence of human beings constrains the numerical parameters the universe can have. It the comes in 2 levels: the weak anthropic principle holds that the universe is the way it is because we are here; the strong version asserts that the universe was made to evolve into humans.

Anthropo Sapiens

A phrase we coined in 2014 for a composite global humankind as we peoples cover the round world, which seems to be taking on an identity of its own. Although evident and appropriate, aka anthropocene, the distinction is not in any usage re Google. See also Earthropo Sapiens.

Astrobiology

The study of and search for life elsewhere in the solar system and cosmos.

Autocatalytic

The process whereby networks such as biochemical reactions sustain their own self-propagation without an external influence.

Autopoiesis

A term for the ability of living systems to recursively referr to their own internal description so as to organize and maintain themselves.

Bicameral

Brain hemispheres which employ in their general performance either discrete or holistic modes of cognition.

Bifurcation

A branching split of a complex, dynamical system under critical threshold conditions.

Biosphere

The sum total of earth life from geological strata to its crustal surface and stratosphere.

Cerebral Cortex

The outer layer of the bilateral hemispheres composed of grey matter concerned with coordination of higher central nervous system function.

Chaos

Complex behavior now found to be characterized by predictable periodic domains along with much sensitivity to initial or external conditions.

Cladistics

A method of classifying organism into groups (taxa) based on recency of common descent as judged by the possession of shared, derived characteristics. Variously known as Systematics.

Closed System

An isolated system that cannot exchange matter and energy with its surroundings.

Complementarity

Originally from quantum physics to designate the particle/wave nature of light, it can apply to any macroscopic complex system composed of discrete elements and relational connections.

Complex Adaptive System

A generic term to represent the communicative interaction of many free agents, guided by common protocols, from which emerges a nested scale of whole entities.

Connectionism

Another term for parallel distributed processing in the brain made up of many links between functional neurons or elements in a cerebral or artifactual circuit.

Convergence

In evolution, a process where features such as eyes or intelligence consistently appear in independent lineages and different environmental conditions.

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