VII. Pedia Sapiens: A Genesis Future on Earth and in the Heavens
1. Mind Over Matter: A Quantum, Atomic, Chemical Materiality
Ritter, Robert, et al. Fabrication of Nanopores in 1 nm Thick Carbon Nanomembranes with Slow Highly Charged Ions. Applied Physics Letters. 102/063112, 2013. In this reference cited in “Extreme Atoms” in Nature’s “Quantum Atom” feature (498/22, 2013) for the 100th anniversary of Neils Bohr’s paper, European physicists from TU Wien-Vienna University of Technology, Halmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Technische Universitat Dresden, and Universitat Bielefied, seem capable, per the Abstract, of open abilities to learn about, and to then fashion material creation to our own measured betterment and purposes. Similarly, the Nature paper noted makings of “hollow, giant, antimatter, super heavy, whatever, atomic origami.” We cite as one more example of humankind’s collaborative intellect and capability to achieve a second intentional genesis.
We describe the use of slow highly charged ions as a simple tool for the fabrication of nanopores with well-defined diameters typically between 10 and 20 nm in freestanding, 1 nm thick carbon nanomembranes (CNMs). When CNMs are exposed to a flux of highly charged ions, for example Xe40+, each individual ion creates a circular nanopore, the size of which depends on the kinetic and potential energy of the impinging ion. The controlled fabrication of nanopores with a uniform size opens a path for the application of CNM based filters in nanobiotechnology. (Abstract)
Rose, Frisco, et al.. AFLUX: The LUX Materials Search API for the AFLOW Data Repositories. Computational Materials Science. 137/362, 2017. Duke University, University of North Texas, and Central Michigan University researchers including Stefano Curtarolo study database resources to serve this incipient advent a intentional creation of beneficial material forms. See also The AFLOW Library of Crystallographic Prototypes by this group in the same journal (136/Supp. 1, 2017). As one may peruse, we note how much this approach is broadly similar to genomic curations in journals such as Nucleic Acids Research and Database.
Automated computational materials science frameworks rapidly generate large quantities of materials data for accelerated materials design. In order to take advantage of these large databases, users should have the ability to efficiently search and extract the desired data. Therefore, we have extended the data-oriented AFLOW-repository Application-Program-Interface (API) to enable programmatic access to search queries. A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)-based search API is proposed for the construction of complex queries for remote creation and retrieval of customized data sets. It is expected that the new language, AFLUX, from “Automatic Flow of LUX (light)”, will enable remote search operations on the AFLOW set of computational materials science data repositories. In addition, AFLUX facilitates the verification and validation of the data in the AFLOW repositories. (Abstract)
Rosenthal, Elisabeth and Felicity Barringer. Green Promise Seen in Switch to LED Lighting. New York Times. May 30, 2009. Beyond all the hybrid hype, a truly siginificant energy-saving advance is the replacement of bulbs altogether by bright Light Emitting Diodes. With an indefinite life and twice as efficient as even compact bulbs, their full utilization would result in a 50% drop in carbon dioxide emissions. Mainly based on gallium nitride (GaN and InGaN) semiconductors, they represent a premier case of appropriate technology. And their further import could be as a harbinger of a dawning Light Age.
Rutherford, Adam. Creation: How Science is Reinventing Life Itself. New York: Current Books, 2014. Akin to Michael Tennesen’s The Next Species, a British geneticist and journalist takes the widest view of cosmic evolution whereof humankind becomes a potential second singularity. This long passage occurs over two main parts. The Origin of Life is seen as Begotten, Not Created with earth’s rough course traced from nucleotides to a noosphere. The Future of Life then goes on, if we may so choose, as Created, Not Begotten. This awesome new Genesis creation, just bursting upon us, most of all involves reading and reprogramming nature’s genetic Digital DNA code.
Sanchez-Lengeling, Benjamin and Alan Aspuru-Guzik. Inverse Molecular Design Using Machine Learning: Generative Models for Matter Engineering. Science. 361/348, 2018. In a Frontiers of Computation section, Harvard University and Toronto University systems chemists consider technical approaches to this intentional phase of cosmic material (re)creation. Indeed by way of our human collective acumen, we peoples are actually embarking upon a work of “reverse engineering” nature’s animate physical and chemical evolution by careful application of its universal algorithome principles. See also in this section Toward a Predictive Theory of Correlative Materials by Paul Kent and Gabriel Kotliar.
In a Frontiers of Computation section, Harvard University and Toronto University systems chemists consider technical approaches to this intentional phase of cosmic material (re)creation. Indeed by way of our human collective acumen, we peoples are actually embarking upon a work of “reverse engineering” nature’s animate physical and chemical evolution by careful application of its universal algorithome principles. See also in this section Toward a Predictive Theory of Correlative Materials by Paul Kent and Gabriel Kotliar.
Sendhoff, Bernhard, et al, eds. Creating Brain-Like Intelligence from Basic Principles to Complex Intelligent Systems. Berlin: Springer, 2009. (LNAI Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 5436) Other citations in this section are likewise about humanity’s instant takeover of material nature so as to begin a new creation. What kind of a universe evolves its own ramifying “selected intelligence” which (whom) on a tiny planet, via a collaborative, sentient species, begins to intentionally carry further its ever increasing capacity both to gain knowledge and use for a better future? Noted also in Systems Neuroscience.
Fractal Reactor: Re-Creating the Sun.
The innovation consultant and artist proposes a plasma nuclear fusion device based on an intentional continuation of nature’s intrinsic self-similarity.
Sole, Ricard, et al. Population Dynamics of Synthetic Terraformation Motifs. Royal Society Open Science. Online July, 2018. Barcelona systems biologists and ecologists scope out this vital project which we ought to get on with to intentionally and respectfully re-create a sustainable biosphere so as to foster a human/Earth personsphere.
Ecosystems are complex systems, currently experiencing several threats associated with global warming, intensive exploitation and human-driven habitat degradation. Because of a general presence of multiple stable states, including states involving population extinction, and due to the intrinsic nonlinearities associated with feedback loops, collapse in ecosystems could occur in a catastrophic manner. It has been recently suggested that a potential path to prevent or modify the outcome of these transitions would involve designing synthetic organisms and synthetic ecological interactions that could push these endangered systems out of the critical boundaries. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of the simplest mathematical models associated with four classes of ecological engineering designs, named Terraformation motifs (TMs). (Abstract excerpt)
Southwell, Karen, ed. Quantum Coherence. Nature. 453/1003, 2008. A special section which seeks to tease out from sub-atomic “entanglements” its various facets such as ultracold atoms and a macroscopic “quantum internet.”
Su, Wu, et al. DNA-Templated Photonic Arrays and Assemblies: Design Principles and Future Opportunities. Chemistry A European Journal. 17/29, 2011. An example today the literature as human collaborative abilities take over material nature to begin an intentional re-creation good for cosmos and children. University of Leicester (Su and Vanessa Bonnard) and University of Strathclyde (Glenn Burley) researchers here join nucleotide and photon so as to enter a new Age of Life and Light. Whatever fantastic ordained reality that we do not yet understand is being revealed and offered to us?
Molecular photonics is a rapidly developing and multi-disciplinary field of research involving the construction of molecular assemblies comprising photoactive building blocks that are responsive to a light stimulus. A salient challenge in this field is the controlled assembly of these building blocks with nanoscale precision. DNA exhibits considerable promise as an architecture for the templated assembly of photoactive materials. In this Concept Article we describe the progress that has been made in the area of DNA photonics, in which DNA acts as a platform for the construction of optoelectronic assemblies, thin films and devices. (7983)
Tait, Steven. Surface Chemistry: Self-Assembling Sierpinski Triangles. Nature Chemistry. 7/5, 2015. A report on a technical paper Assembling Molecular Sierpinski Triangle Fractals in the same issue by Chinese and German scientists who found nature’s materiality to inherently form into these iconic geometries. To reflect a bit, from what kind of independent natural reality do these propensities arise, which are now passing to our sapient avail so as to begin, as the quotes alludes, a new cosmocene creation.
Defect-free Sierpiński triangles can be self-assembled on a silver surface through a combination of molecular design and thermal annealing. Three-fold halogen-bonding arrays and precise surface epitaxy preclude structural errors, thus enabling the high-level complexity of these supramolecular fractal patterns. (370) For the field of supramolecular chemistry – particularly for those researchers interested in surface functionalization and the realization of mathematical fractal designs – it is exciting to see the elements of rational instructed building block design, kinetic control, and error correction combined in harmony to produce such beautiful structures. As we look to the next challenges in the design of complex molecular systems and their use in novel materials, it is valuable to consider the importance of these particular elements and the principles for tuning molecular systems to achieve them. The final piece of the puzzle is to put them together to achieve spontaneous self-assembly in synthetic systems that approaches the elegance and complexity of self-assembled structures that we see all around us in the natural world. (371)
Tao, Kai, et al. Self-Assembling Peptide Semiconductors. Science. 358/885, 2017. We cite because Tel Aviv University biotechnologists describe how a facilitated passage from peptide biochemicals via oligomerized quantum dots can form semiconductor superstructures. Human intellect can lately delve into nature’s materiality so as to intentionally begin a new genesis, fittingly from the cradles of civilization.
For semiconductors, one often thinks of inorganic materials, such as doped silicon, or aromatic organic polymers and small molecules. Tao et al. review progress in making semiconductors based on self-assembling short peptides. The structures that form show extensive π and hydrogen bonding leading to a range of semiconductor properties, which can be tuned through doping or functionalization of the peptide sequences. These materials may shed light on biological semiconductors or provide an alternative for constructing biocompatible and therapeutic materials.