Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 46 through 49 of 49 found.
wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies
Schweitzer, Frank and Georges Andres.
Social Nucleation: Group Formation as a Phase Transition.
ETH Zurich systems physicists (search FS) continue their efforts to trace and track substantial principles and properties all the way to dynamic human interactivities. Indeed, an integral projection across this widest span does seem to be in actual effect. See also Universal Properties of Multimodal Mobility: A Statistical Physics Point of View by Chiara Mizzi, et al at 2107.10546. If these many social physics findings are taken into account, they increasingly imply a deepest rooting of our daily individual and collective lives in a cocreative ecosmic genesis.
The spontaneous formation and subsequent growth, dissolution, merger and competition of social groups can be seen to have similarities to physical phase transitions in metastable finite systems. We examine three certain aspects: percolation, spinodal decomposition and nucleation across social groups of varying size and density. In our agent-based model, we use a feedback between the opinions of agents and their ability to establish links. We identify the critical parameters for costs/benefits to obtain either one large group or several groups with different opinions. Our novel approach sheds new light on the early stage of network growth and the emergence of connected components. (Abstract excerpt)
wumanomics > Phenomenon > Civilizations
Henrich, Joseph and Michael Muthukrishna.
The Origins and Psychology of Human Cooperation.
Annual Review of Psychology.
We use this entry to collect recent papers by Harvard University and London School of Economics cultural psychologists (search each) and their colleagues which scope out an overdue move beyond a west/north emphasis so to include the other east/south complementary global cross-culture. This is an imperative historic correction that needs to be appreciated and implemented as these opposite but reciprocal modes tear each apart. A further aspect is identified as past and present conflicts rage across the continents. See also Psychology as a Historical Science in the Annual Review of Psychology (72/717, 2020) and Beyond Western, Educated, Industrial, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) Psychology in Psychological Science (31/6, 2020), both with Michael Muthukrishna as lead author.
Human persons form an ultrasocial species. This sociality, however, cannot be fully explained by prior approaches from evolutionary biology, psychology, or economics. A truer understanding need account for the breadth and intensity of human cooperation along with variation found across cultures, behavioral and historic domains. Here, we introduce an expanded approach that considers how an interactive genetic and cultural evolution may have shaped the developing features, along with complementary differences. We discuss culture–gene coevolutionary hypotheses and the role of religions and marriage systems. (Abstract excerpt)
Future > New Earth > Mind Over Matter
Kumar, Nitsch, et al.
Topological Quantum Materials from the Viewpoint of Chemistry.
We cite this paper in a special Quantum Materials issue by MPI Chemical Physics of Solids researchers as an example of 2021 frontiers as a phenomenal Earthuman sapience appears to learn all about and take over substantial creation going forward. A summary graphic includes quantum transport, thermoelectric, hydrodynamics, catalysis, photoelectrics, data storage and chiral crystals. See also Quantum Information and Algorithms for Correlated Quantum Matter by Kade Head-Marsden, et al in this issue. Yet in a July of record rains and floods, however can we peoples realize our true ecosmic cocreativity in time so as to unite and save this imperiled bioworld?
Topology as a mathematical concept has become a transdisciplinary approach across matter physics, solid state chemistry, and materials science. This review presents the topological concepts from the viewpoint of a solid-state chemist, summarizes techniques for growing single crystals, and describes basic physical property measurement techniques to characterize topological materials beyond their structure and provide examples of such materials. Finally, a brief outlook on the impact of topology in other areas of chemistry is provided at the end of the article.
Future > New Earth > Viable Gaia
Rhoads, Daniel, et al.
A Sustainable Strategy for Open Streets in (Post) Pandemic Cities.
We cite this paper by Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona and UC Berkeley (Marta Gonzalez) system geographers for its timely, appropriate content, and as an example a momentary turning from past to future, so to begin anew, by way of such intentional applications of nature’s organic principles and patterns. In another view, our path going forward can be guided by these “geonome” (urbanomic) code endowments. See also Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Self-Organization: A Dynamic 4D Modle for Redeveloping the Post-Zoning City by Daphna Levine, et al in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. (August, 2021).