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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Earth Life Emerge
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Recent Additions

Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 61 through 70 of 70 found.

Our Earthuman Ascent: A Major Evolutionary Transition in Individuality

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Conscious Knowledge

Albantakis, Larissa, et al. Integrated Information Theory (IIT) 4.0: Formulating the Properties of Phenomenal Existence in Physical Terms. arXiv:2212.14787. Sixteen senior theorists mainly at the University of Wisconsin, including Melanie Boly, William Marshal and Giulio Tononi, post a latest 2020s version of this expansive, collegial school that has grew in veracity and acceptance since the 2000s (See Tononi 2008). As an Author Summary says, the overall intent is to robustly be able to join sentient, knowing, creaturely consciousness with a conducive physical, material, natural essence. Its technical density opens with From Phenomenal Axioms to Physical Postulates, which go on to an Intrinsic Existence, Information Content, Integrative Synthesis, Definitive Composition and 50 similar pages.

It closes with a preview of further work, but the corpus has already served as an strong instance of how ecosmos to Earthling awakenings may occur and be verified. See also Measuring the integrated Information of a Quantum Mechanism by Larissa Albantakis, Robert Prenter and Ian Durham at 2301.02244 which seeks a deeper rooting in this causal realm, and System Integrated Information by William Marshal, et al 2212.14537 for another conceptual finesse.

This paper is our latest Integrated Information Theory (IIT) 4.0 by which to account for experiential phenomena in physical (operational) terms. In regard, it identifies essential properties (axioms) that its substrate must satisfy (postulates), and expresses them in mathematical terms. IIT 4.0 joins many collegial developments of the past ten years, including a measure of intrinsic information, and an assessment of causal relations. (Excerpt)

An axiom, postulate, or assumption is a statement that is taken to be true, to serve as a premise or starting point for further reasoning and arguments.

wumanomics > Integral Persons > Gender

Hipolito, Ines, et al. Enactive Artificial Intelligence: Subverting Gender Norms in Robot-Human Interaction. arXiv.2301.08741.. As a multifaceted AI machine learning takes hold, for better or worse, Humboldt University, Uppsala University and Norwegian University of Science and Technology cultural scholars seek to identify and correct at this early point a default tendency to devalue, subvert women so to empower it with vital feminine qualities

As a multifaceted AI machine learning takes hold, for better or worse, Humboldt University, Uppsala University and Norwegian University of Science and Technology cultural scholars seek to identify and correct at this early point a default tendency to devalue, subvert women and ignore feminine qualities.

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Human Societies

Turker, Meliksah and Haluk Bingol. Multi-Layer Network Approach in Modeling Epidemics in an Urban Town. European Physical Journal B. February, 2023. This entry by Bogazici University, Istanbul computer engineers is a good instance of how network theoretical phenomena, widely conceived, can well apply and advise even to these vectorial diseases,

Over the last three years the global COVID-19 pandemic killed millions and distressed billions of people worldwide.. Researchers studied its path and fate for by forecasting techniques and epidemics simulations on networks. To better represent real-life in an urban town, we propose a novel multi-layer network model, where each corresponds to an interaction that occurs daily, such as “household”, “work” or “school”. Our simulations indicate that a “friendship” layer has the highest impact on slowing down epidemics. (Excerpt)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Diazi\-Diaz, Fernando, et al. Network Theory meets History: Local Balance in Global International Relations. arXiv:2303.03774. Into 2023, Institute of Cross-Disciplinary Physics and Complex Systems, IFISC, Spain, and University of Milan, Italy theorists including Ernesto Estrada are lately becoming able via complexity science and empirical analysis to discern the actual presence of real lineaments and forces which underlie past events and current affairs. An increased awareness of their definitive presence,, constrain and drive as rightly appreciated would be a vital benefit as near and far chaos so threatens us.

The resulting effect of global international relations is an intricate and dynamic web of alliances and conflicts. Here, we represent this web as a time-evolving signed network and define an index quantifying the proximity of every nation to its balanced condition. This condition emerges when a given nation belongs to a bloc of allies that only have enmities with a different confronted bloc. However, we find that large blocs of allies percolated by a tiny clique of mutual enemies, which are ubiquitous across history, are very unstable in terms of their balanced condition. We design a quantitative history approach to identify the nations playing a fundamental role in major events in human history over a period of almost 200 years. It is combined with historic narrative and the sociopolitical theory of balance of power to build up a new mixed approach to history based on network theory. (Abstract)

wumanomics > Phenomenon > Macrohistory

Turchin, Peter. End Times: Elites, Counter-Elites and the Path of Political Disintegration.. New York: Penguin Press, 2023. We note this forthcoming volume by the main founder of the Cliodynamicsjournal, search here and online.

In 2010 when Nature magazine asked leading scientists to provide a ten-year forecast, Turchin used his models to predict that America was in a spiral of social disintegration which would lead to a breakdown in the political order ca 2020. The years since have proved the accuracy of his prediction and End Times reveals why. The lessons of world history teach that when an equilibrium between ruling elites and most peoples tips in favor of elites, political instability is all but inevitable.

Peter Turchin is Project Leader at the Complexity Science Hub in Vienna, Research Associate at University of Oxford, and Emeritus Professor at the University of Connecticut. Trained as a theoretical biologist, he is now working in the field of historical social science that he and his colleagues call Cliodynamics. His father, Valentin Turchin (1931-2010), was a renowned Russian-American historian and author of The Phenomenon of Science (1977).

Earth Earns: An Open Participatory Earthropocene to Ecosmocene CoCreativity

Ecosmo Sapiens > Old World

World Population Review. worldpopulationreview.com. As of 2020, there are 52 nations with an authoritarian dictator, cabal or regime ruling the country. Three are in Latin and South America, 27 in Asia and the Middle East, and 22 in Africa. To stay with this, the top five countries contain 3.8 billion people. But wtih a populace of one man or party lands, another 800 million are added. So it is a tragic reality today with a world population close to 8 billion, that a few hundred, self-serving, brutal, madmen, often at war with each other and the environment controls some three-fifths of human beings.

Ecosmo Sapiens > Old World > anthropocene

Morrell, Kevin and Frederik Dahlmann. Aristotle in the Anthropocene: The Comparative Benefits of Virtue Ethics over Utilitarianism and Deontology. Anthropocene Review. December, 2022. Cranfield School of Management, UK and Warwick Business School scholars seek to avail and join original Greek philosophies with third millennium national and planetary crises as we phenomenal peoples still try to viably abide on this precious biospheric home, See also herein Taming Gaia 2.0: Earth System Law in the Ruptured Anthropocene by Kim Rakhyun, et al (9/3, 2022), and Anthropocene Science, a new Springer journal this year.

In ethical philosophy, utilitarianism is a family of normative ethical theories that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individual In moral philosophy deontology is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules and principles, rather than based on the consequences of the action.

Ecosmo Sapiens > Old World > Climate

Yao, Qing, et al. Emergence of Universal Scaling in Weather Extreme Events. arXiv:2209.02292. From a disparate realm, seven complexity theorists based in China, Germany, the UK, and Japan including Valerio Lucarini (University of Reading, Center for the Mathematics of Planet Earth) and Henrik Jensen (Imperial College London, Center for Complexity Science) contribute another late 2022 result which again avers and proves a recurrent affinity across many domains.

The frequency and magnitude of weather extreme events have increased significantly during the past few years in response to anthropogenic climate change. However, global characteristics and physical mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we adopt a statistical probability theory method to study extreme weather events with especial regard to daily temperature differences. We find universal scaling laws which are very stable. Which provides a fresh perspective on natural regularities and climate systems. Our work thus sheds light on the nature of the weather variabilities and could guide us to better forecast extreme events. (Abstract excerpt)

Natural or social systems far from equilibrium often show complex dynamic behaviours. In addition an increasing empirical evidence reveals that fields as diverse as physic, biology, ecology, human mobility, economics, and financial markets may all sufficiently follow the principles of scale invariance and universality. Scaling functions are then seen to characterize the critical phenomena of phase transitions. These many results can serve as models and methods for understanding the behaviours of various complex phenomena, such as the climate system and earthquakes. (3)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

Alfonzo, E., et al. New additions to the arsenal of biocatalysts for noncanonical amino acid synthesis. Current Opinion Green Sustainable Chemistry. December, 2022. Cal Tech researchers including Nobel laureate Frances Arnold at once advance these biochemical capabilities and cite their therapeutic and palliative value from new medicines to pandemics.

Noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs) merge the conformational behavior and native interactions of proteinogenic amino acids with nonnative chemical motifs and have proven invaluable in developing modern therapeutics. This blending of native and nonnative characteristics has resulted in essential drugs like nirmatrelvir, which comprises three ncAAs and is used to treat COVID-19. Abiotic enzyme-catalyzed reactions exploit the selectivity afforded by a macromolecular catalyst to access molecules not available to natural enzymes and perhaps not even chemical catalysis. (Excerpt)

Ecosmo Sapiens > New Earth > second genesis

wendell, A. Lim, et al. The emerging era of cell engineering: Harnessing the modularity of cells to program complex biological function. Science. 378/6622, 2022. As the Abstract notes, a UC San Francisco senior biochemist broadly introduces a special Cell Engineering issue which situates its novel approach and facilities at a cellular level. Two papers are Bacterial as Interactive Cancer Therapies and Scaling Up Complexity in Synthetic Developmental Biology.

A new era of biological engineering is emerging in which living cells are used to address therapeutic challenges. These efforts are distinct from older molecular methods that involve individual genes and proteins. Rather they use molecular components as modules to reprogram how cells decide and communicate to achieve higher-order physiological functions in vivo. This cell-centric approach is enabled by a growing tool kit that can synthetically control core cell-level functional outputs, such as where in the body a cell should go, what other cells it should interact with, and what messages it should transmit or receive. (Excerpt)

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