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III. Ecosmos: A Revolutionary Fertile, Habitable, Solar-Bioplanet, Incubator Lifescape

1. Quantum Cosmology Theoretic Unity

Overduin, James and Paul Wesson. The Light/Dark Universe: Light from Galaxies, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy. Singapore: World Scientific, 2008. Astronomers from Stanford University and the University of Waterloo, Manitoba, provide the latest explanation as to why, if filled with stars and galaxies, space remains black when viewed. This is old chestnut is now seen to involve the age of the universe, its various wave length backgrounds, tendencies to clumpiness, along with elusive darknesses of matter and energy.

The Universe appears to consist of roughly three parts vacuum-like dark energy and one part pressureless cold dark matter, with a sprinkling of how dark matter (neutrinos) that is almost certainly much less important that cold dark matter. Baryons – the stuff of which we are made – turn out to be mere trace elements in comparison. This marks a fundamental shift in cosmological thinking: our composition is special, even if our location in space is not. (197) At present it simply seems that we have stumbled onto the cosmic stage at an unusual moment. (197) More universally, the development of physics is akin to the activity of a fisherman, in the sense that we only recover from the sea of knowledge those “discoveries” which are larger than the mesh-size of our mental net. (201)

Palmer, Tim. Lorenz, Gödel and Penrose: New Perspectives on Geometry and Determinism in Fundamental Physics. Contemporary Physics. Online April, 2014. The text of the 9th Dennis Sciama Memorial Lecture by the Oxford University Royal Society Research Professor in Climate Physics. The paper continues Palmer’s project, search here and arXiv, to explain with novel theoretical credence a 21st century cosmic development by way of invariant nonlinear complex systems: "the universe as a dynamical system." With 20th century relativity and quantum theories in place, these new perceptions of nature’s universal iteration presage a revolutionary self-emergent cosmos. Palmer took his doctorate with Sciama at Oxford in the 1970s so is well versed to do so. In regard, Dennis Sciama was scientist-in-resident in 1979 at near by Mount Holyoke College where he ran a premier lecture series with speakers from Max Delbruck to Virginia Trimble. Some decades later this endeavor to engage and comprehend an inherently self-creating genesis universe continues forth.

Meteorologist Ed Lorenz, pioneer of chaos theory, is well known for his demonstration of `the butterfly effect'. More fundamentally, however, Lorenz's research established a profound link between space-time calculus and state-space fractal geometry. Amazingly, properties of Lorenz's fractal invariant set can be shown to relate space-time calculus to deep areas of mathematics associated with Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem and G\"{o}del's Incompleteness Theorem. Motivated by this, it is proposed that our theories of fundamental physics should also be framed in terms of state-space geometry rather than the traditional space-time calculus. To develop these ideas more concretely, it is supposed that the universe U is itself a deterministic dynamical system evolving on a fractal invariant set I_U in its state space. (Abstract)

The Universe as a Dynamical System. There is nothing especially new about considering the universe as a gravitationally closed relativistic dynamical system. But what is the evidence that the universe can be considered a dynamical system evolving on a fractal invariant set? If p denotes the state of the universe at some time and if the universe is evolving on a compact fractal invariant set IU in state space, then after a finite period of time the state of the universe should return to a state arbitrarily close to p. In other words, the universe must be quasi-cyclic. In recent years the notion of a cyclic universe is re-gaining popularity and bothstring theory and loop quantum gravity support cyclic cosmological models. Whilst a strictly cyclic universe is periodic, implying that its trajectory in state space is a closed loop, there is no reason from these models strict periodicity. Viewed in this way, the notion of the universe evolving on a fractal invariant set implies a rather novel perspective on the multiverse, a concept so prevalent in modern cosmology. That is to say, the ‘parallel universes’ in the neighbourhood of p do not represent ‘other worlds’ but rather represent states of our own world at future aeons. (13)

Peacock, John. Cosmological Physics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999. A large textbook presents the realms of relativity theory, quantum fields, galaxy formation, and an embryonic, developing cosmos.

Pecker, Jean-Claude. Understanding the Heavens. Berlin: Springer, 2001. A comprehensive history of cosmology by an astrophysicist who notes that the Renaissance macrocosm-microcosm analogy would lately be represented by the pervasive fractal character of the galactic universe.

Penrose, Roger. The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe. New York: Knopf, 2004. A thousand page treatise and lifework summation by the renowned British mathematician and physicist. While a major contribution to quantum cosmology, it persists in a search for a fundamental Theory of Everything. Penrose finally muses this may not be the road to reality, indeed there may not be such a path. At least I add within this reductive approach. For example, a website www.physicscentral.com cites a “Theory of Everything – Everything Alive” to express a universality of biological scaling.

Perlmutter, Saul. Supernovae, Dark Energy, and the Accelerating Universe. Physics Today. April, 2003. A survey of recent research findings, seen as “a community effort,” which attain a symbolic, mathematical and literate representation of the immense, dynamic cosmos.

Using very distant supernovae as standard candles, one can trace the history of cosmic expansion and try to find out what’s currently speeding it up. (53)

Philcox, Oliver and Salvatore Torquato. The Disordered Heterogeneous Universe: Galaxy Distribution across Length Scales. arXiv.2007.00519. Reviewed in ExoUniverse Studies, this entry is a good example of current quantum - cosmology frontiers. See also in this regard Beyond the Stardard Model Cocktail by Yann Gouttenoire at 2207.01633 for fantastic abilities for infinite quantifications that peoples seem to innately possess.

www.aip.org/pacs/index. . An extensive catolog by American Institute of Physics which contains hundreds of subfield entries. The main classes are cited below. One might then have these issues. Although philosophy is noted in passing in ‘00,’ there seems no sense that a greater creation is being studied, albeit not their charge. Yet one wonders if we have a situation akin to 1900 when the Newtonian model was secure except for some black-body radiation. In the scheme, Life does not enter until Section 87: Biological and Medical Physics, with ‘Complex systems,’ ‘Systems obeying scaling laws,’ relegated to deep within Section 89: Other Areas of Applied and Interdisciplinary Physics. Such ubiquitous phenomena will not be found in the mega Colliders yet they imply a radically different universe.

PACS Category 00: General PACS Category 10: The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields PACS Category 20: Nuclear Physics PACS Category 30: Atomic and Molecular Physics PACS Category 40: Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics PACS Category 50: Physics of Gases, Plasmas, and Electric Discharges PACS Category 60: Condensed Matter: Structure, Mechanical and Thermal Properties PACS Category 70: Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties PACS Category 80: Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology PACS Category 90: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Astrophysics

Poulin, Vivian, et al. Early Dark Energy can Resolve the Hubble Tension. arXiv:1811.04083. We cite this entry by Johns Hopkins University astrophysicists including Marc Kamionkowski as an example of the incredible abilities of worldwide research teams with instant shared contact to seemingly quantify any depth and reach of any universal phenomena. In perspective, we peoples seem to be carrying out an intended task, as yet unawares, of cosmic self-realization and individuation. See also Cosmological Constraints from the Hubble Diagram of Quasars at High Redshifts by G. Risaliti and E. Lusso in Nature Astronomy (3/272, 2019) and Have Dark Forces Been Messing with the Cosmos? by Dennis Overbye in the N. Y. Times (February 25, 2019).

Pourhasan, Razieh, et al. Out of the White Hole: A Holographic Origin for the Big Bang. Journal of Cosmological and Astroparticle Physics. 04/005, 2014. With Niayesh Afshordi and Robert Mann, Perimeter Institute researchers wonder about this first instant, singular event from which a universe capable of achieving, via humankind, its own self-witness and realization initially arose. A popular article about this work by the authors is The Black Hole at the Beginning of Time in Scientific American for August, 2014.

While most of the singularities of General Relativity are expected to be safely hidden behind event horizons by the cosmic censorship conjecture, we happen to live in the causal future of the classical big bang singularity, whose resolution constitutes the active field of early universe cosmology. Could the big bang be also hidden behind a causal horizon, making us immune to the decadent impacts of a naked singularity? We describe a braneworld description of cosmology with both 4d induced and 5d bulk gravity (otherwise known as Dvali-Gabadadze-Porati, or DGP model), which exhibits this feature: The universe emerges as a spherical 3-brane out of the formation of a 5d Schwarzschild black hole. (Abstract)

Prescod-Weinstein, Chanda. Enter the Axion. American Scientist. May-June, 2021. The author is a University of New Hampshire professor of physics and of women’s gender studies. The accessible, illustrated article is the most comprehensive I have seen all about this evanescent particle which theoretically appears to be involved with cold dark matter. See also ‘Axion’ Particle Solves Three Mysteries of the Universe in Science Daily for March 10, 2021, and search herein for Matthew Kleban.

Primack, Joel. Precision Cosmology. New Astronomy Reviews. 49/2, 2005. A summary update as astronomical theories and models become increasingly confirmed.

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