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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Genesis Vision
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 16 through 30 of 114 found.

Planetary Prodigy: A Global Sapiensphere Learns by Her/His Self

A Learning Planet > The Spiral of Science > deep

Maheswaranathan, Niru, et al. Universality and Individuality in Neural Dynamics across Large Populations of Recurrent Networks. arXiv:1907.08549. By virtue of the latest sophistications, Google Brain and Stanford University AI researchers are able to discern and report “representational similarities” between “biological and artificial networks.” These qualities are then seen in effect across an array of personal and communal affinities.

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge

Floridi, Luciano. The Fourth Revolution: How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. The Oxford University philosopher and ethicist of information broadly conceived in natural and global domains, traces and tracks a “hyperhistory” by the relative presence of this knowledge-gaining, social mores quality. After sun-Earth, evolutionary, and psychological changes, today the novel world web as a sensory noosphere draws everyone altogether into interactive communication and shared cultures. With a notice of J. A. Wheeler’s bit to it model, in a realistic way life’s universe to human arc can be seen to take on an informational essence and vectorial course.

Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are changing the answer to these human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities. (Publisher)

A Learning Planet > Mindkind Knowledge > News

Life in the Universe 2019: Big History, SETI and the Future of Humankind. bighistory.org/2019-life-in-the-universe-conference-information. This mid July conference in Milan, Italy by the International Big History Association has become a resident venue for visionary cosmists. Its preliminary program includes The Singularity in Big History by Andrey Korotayev (search), A History of Cosmic Habitability by Amedeo Balbi, Breakthrough Listen by Andrew Siemion, Energy Rate Density as a Technosignature by Clement Vidal and Evo-SETI: A Methematical Big History by Claudio Maccone.

Big History seeks to understand the integrated history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life, and Humanity, using the best available empirical evidence and scholarly methods. Almost a century ago, scientists gave us a new history of the cosmos by showing that our own galaxy, the Milky Way, was but one of an extraordinary number. In recent decades, scientists have located thousands of potentially habitable planets in just our own galaxy. Scientists at SETI are looking for evidence that there is (intelligent) life beyond Earth. What does it mean to the big history account when the lines from the Big Bang go not only to the Milky Way, Earth, life on Earth, and humanity, but in many other directions as well?

An Organic, Conducive, Habitable MultiUniVerse

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology

Ananthaswamy, Anil. Cosmic Countdown. New Scientist. July 20, 2019. A science writer (search) gathers and reports on a florescence of physical theories in the literature that appear to presage revolutionary cosmologies. A working image of a Swampland (search arXiv), coined by Harvard physicist Cumrun Vafa, contains mix or miasma of string theories, quantum gravity, relativity, de Sitter vacuum, covariant entropy, black holes, and more conjectures. The article is based on interviews with Vafa, Andrei Linde, Eran Palti, Catherine Heymans, and others, along with Anil’s familiar experience (search). Something deeply vital seems to be brewing, which may lead to novel understandings, or wind up at a new square one. See, for example, The Swampland: Introduction and Review by Palti at arXiv:1903.06239, and Towards a Unified View of Swampland Conjectures by Cesar Gomez (1907.13386).

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Barack, Leor, et al. Black Holes, Gravitational Waves and Fundamental Physics. Classical and Quantum Gravity. 36/143001, 2019. We cite this entry among many as an example of today’s Earhtwise collaborative, multi-author (some 200 here) research projects as they proceed apace with humankinder’s self-quantitative discovery of a genesis uniVerse. The 272 page document is posted as 1806.05195 on the arXiv eprint site, search Samaya Nissanke among names for follow up studies such as A Unique Multi-Messenger Signal of QCD Axion Dark Matter (1905.04686). Within the broad Natural PhiloSophia purview of this resource site, we are invited to appreciate and recognize this phenomenal Earth capability and achievement of cosmic significance.

The grand challenges of contemporary fundamental physics - dark matter, dark energy, vacuum energy, inflation and early universe cosmology, singularities and the hierarchy problem - all involve gravity as a key component. And of all gravitational phenomena, black holes stand out in their elegant simplicity, while harbouring some of the most remarkable predictions of General Relativity: event horizons, singularities and ergoregions. The purpose of this work is to present a concise, yet comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the relevant fields of research, summarize important open problems, and lay out a roadmap for future progress. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > cosmos

Courtois, Helene. Finding Our Place in the Universe: How We Discovered Laniakea – the Milky Way’s Home. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2019. A University of Lyon astrophysicist and author gifts us with a latest exposition of our vast galactic celestial neighborhood. Chapter 1 is Our New Cosmic Address. The popular volume chronicles her collaborative research projects toward learning all about location, location.

You are here on Earth, which is part of the solar system, which is in the Milky Way galaxy, within the extragalactic supercluster Laniakea. How can we pinpoint our location so precisely? For twenty years, astrophysicist Hélène Courtois surfed the cosmos with international teams of researchers, working to map our local universe. In this book, Courtois describes this quest and the discovery of our home supercluster. She explains that Laniakea (which means “immense heaven” in Hawaiian) is the largest galaxy structure known to which we belong. It contains about 100,000 large galaxies like our own, and a million smaller ones.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Bogdanov, Yu, et al. Quantum Approach to the Dynamical Systems Modeling. arXiv:1906.06410. We cite this Russian Academy of Sciences paper as an example into the later 2010s of how a worldwide noosphere phase has come to view and treat this once arcane domain by the same mathematical complexity methods as everywhere else.

We present a general approach to the classical dynamical systems simulation. This approach is based on classical systems extension to quantum states. The proposed theory can be applied to analysis of multiple (including non-Hamiltonian) dissipative dynamical systems. As examples, we consider the logistic model, the Van der Pol oscillator, dynamical systems of Lorenz, Rössler (including Rössler hyperchaos) and Rabinovich-Fabrikant. Developed methods and algorithms integrated in quantum simulators will allow us to solve a wide range of problems with scientific and practical significance. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Chitambar, Eric and Gilad Gour. Quantum Resource Theories. Reviews of Modern Physics. 91/025001, 2019. This paper by University of Illinois and University of Calgary physicists was first posted at arXiv:1806.06107 and has since been often referred to along with its title phrase as an insightful, frontier advance.

Quantum resource theories (QRTs) offer a versatile framework for studying phenomena in quantum physics. From quantum entanglement to computation, resource theories can quantify a desirable effect, develop protocols for its detection, and optimize its use. A general QRT partitions quantum states into groups of free states and of resource states. Free states are quantum operations arising from natural restrictions placed on the physical system that force its operations to act invariantly. As a result, objects that appear distinct on the surface, such as entanglement and quantum reference frames, appear to have much similarity on a deeper structural level. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Dalla Chiara, Maria Luisa, et al, eds. Quantum Computation and Logic. International: Springer, 2018. The editors are MLDC, University of Florence, Roberto Giuniti and Giuseppe Sergioli, University of Cagliari, and Roberto Leporini, University of Bergamo. We cite because the volume well conveys 21st century ways that micro quantum phenomena is gaining novel properties with an affinity with macro “classical” phases. An informational essence lends to algorithmic exercises, logic circuits and onto linguistic and musical compositions.

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Norman, Andreas and Lukasz Rudnicki. Quantum Correlations and Complementarity of Vectorial Light Fields. arXiv:1904.07533. MPI Science of Light researchers advance the 2019 frontier of quantum comprehensions by way of adding, as the quotes say, a third, integral aspect to the standard particle-wave pairing. This unifying quality is dubbed a “triality,” a novel word which well serves. Our interest is to see natural light and vision gain a correspondent wholeness and affinity, for example, with the perennial yang-yin Tao image.

We explore quantum correlations of general vector-light fields in multi-slit interference and show that the nth-order field-coherence matrix is directly linked with the reduced n-photon density matrix. The connection is utilized to examine photon wave-particle duality in the double-slit configuration, revealing that there is a hidden information-theoretic contribution that complements the standard inequality associated with such duality by transforming it into a strict equality, a triality identity. We also establish a general quantum complementarity relation among the field correlations and the particle correlations which holds for any number of slits, correlation orders, and vector-light states. (Abstract)

The quantum theory of optical coherence, dealing with field correlations of light, is ubiquitous in the physical sciences; it is widely exploited in quantum optics, atomic physics, optomechanics, quantum simulation, quantum electronics, and cosmology, among other research areas. Recently quantum coherence of genuine vector-light fields was examined in double-slit interference, revealing a new fundamental aspect of photon wave-particle duality. The rapid progress in quantum information science has at the same time led to an ever-growing interest towards nonclassical correlations that may prevail in multipartite quantum compositions of diverse physical nature. (1)

In this Letter, we investigate the relationship between field correlations and particle correlations of true vectorial light of any quantum state in multi-slit interference. We show that the nth-order field correlations are directly connected to the particle correlations among n photons. This relationship is especially employed to explore quantum complementarity in the celebrated double-slit setup, resulting in the discovery of a tight equality which may be interpreted as describing photon wave-particle triality (1)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > quantum CS

Schuld, Maria, et al. Viewpoint: Neural Networks take on Open Quantum Systems. Physics Review Letters. 122/25, 2019. University of KwaZulu-Natal, RSA physicists MS, Ilya Sinayskify and Francesco Peruccione comment on articles in this issue such as Neural Network Approach to Dissipative Quantum Many-Body Physics and Quantum Monte Carlo Method with a Neural Network Ansatz for Open Quantum Systems which report ways that this brain-based problem-solving method can similarly apply to nature’s deepest realm. By way of its physical affinity, quantum phenomena can actually possess classical dynamic complexities. See also Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences by Giuseppe Carleo, et al. at arXiv:1903.10563 and The Quest for a Quantum Neural Network by the authors in Quantum Information Processing (13/11, 2014).

Simulating a quantum system that exchanges energy with the outside world is difficult, but the necessary computations might be easier with the help of neural networks. These general problem solvers reach their solutions by being adapted or “trained” to capture correlations in real-world data. Physicists are asking if the tools might also be useful in areas ranging from high-energy physics to quantum computing. Four research groups now report on using neural networks to tackle computationally challenging problems such as simulating the behavior of an open many-body quantum system. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Quantum Cosmology > exouniverse

Alonso-Serrano, Ana, et al, eds. The Multiverse. Universe. July, 2019. Co-editors A A-S, MPI Gravitational Physics, Mariusz Dabrowski, University of Szczecin, Poland, and Thomas Naumann, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Germany introduce a special place for studies about a relatively infinite scenario, some 400 years after Galileo’s moon, which is filled with all manner of spatial and temporal cosmoses. Among the entries are Multiverse – Too Much or Not Enough? by Michael Heller, Possible Origins and Properties of an Expanding, Dark Energy Providing a Dark Multiverse by Eckhard Rebhan, and four McCullen Sandora Papers (search) about factoring habitability estimates for our home planet and cosmos within this vast milieu. While still another (Copernican) devaluation is alluded to, in our worldwide organic genesis, human/Earth beings can be returned to a central significance.

The idea of the Multiverse, as a collection of possible universes, has entered the area of physics and cosmology for good. The term 'Multiverse' was first suggested by the philosopher William James in 1895 (see Historic Prescience). The diversity of possible physical shapes of a universe within the multiverse can be interpreted in terms of diversity of possible ways to choose physical parameters and can be related to the issue of varying physical constants and varying physical laws. One approach is superstring theory which led to an idea of superstring landscape or many ways to choose the vacua after the symmetry breaking. Anyway, one can consider the studies related to the concept of the Multiverse as a new revolution or paradigm in cosmology. It can be understood as the next step in the Copernican transit, where our habitat has lost relevance gradually as unique or special. The notion of the multiverse emerges naturally from some developments in cosmology and particle physics. (Issue Proposal excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Organic

Wandel, Wandel, Amri and Joseph Gale. The Biohabitable Zone and Atmospheric Properties for Planets of Red Dwarfs. arXiv:1907.11098. We cite this entry by Hebrew University of Jerusalem life scientists in An Organic Universe as a good example, if of a mind to perceive, of how vitally biochemical and evolutionary an ecosmic nature actually is. By this study and many others, every kind of stellar system may be deeply conducive for life to complexity and develop. Might we worldwise peoples at last be able to realize that the universe is not a mechanism or computation, rather by its own inherency possesses an innate biological fertility. For a popular, illustrated article on Red Dwarfs see Life as We Don’t Know It by Igor Palubski and Aomana Shields in Sky & Telescope for August 2019.

The Kepler data show that habitable small planets orbiting Red Dwarf stars (RDs) are abundant, and hence might be promising targets to look at for biomarkers and life. It is shown that temperatures suitable for liquid water and even organic molecules may exist on tidally locked planets of RDs. We chart the surface temperature distribution as a function of the irradiation, greenhouse factor and heat circulation. We find that tidally locked as well as not locked planets of RDs and K-type stars may support life for a wider range of orbital distance and atmospheric conditions than previously thought. We show that when the effect of continuous radiation is taken into account, the Photo-synthetically Active Radiation (PAR) available on tidally locked planets, even of RDs, could produce a high Potential Plant Productivity, in analogy to mid-summer growth at high latitudes on Earth. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Biology Physics

Eckmann, Jean-Pierre, et al. Proteins: The Physics of Amorphous Evolving Matter. Reviews of Modern Physics. 91/031001, 2019. J-P E and Jacques Rougemont, University of Geneva and Tsvi Tlusty, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, post a tutorial paper which traces a pathway by which to join and root life’s biochemical processes within fundamental condensed matter principles. In this computational view, proteins arise from collective many-body interactions in amino acid matter as the outcome of an evolutionary search in a high-dimensional space of gene sequences. In regard, an evolutionary learning process is seen to act as a combinatorial search within an optimization process. See also Physical Model of the Genotype to Phenotype Map of Proteins by the authors with Albert Libchaber in Physical Review X (7/021037, 2017). These and many other insightful efforts are presently revealing a unified, lively ovoGenesis uniVerse.

Proteins are a matter of dual nature. As a physical object, a protein molecule is a folded chain of amino acids with multifarious biochemistry. But it is also an instantiation along an evolutionary trajectory determined by the function performed by the protein within a hierarchy of interwoven interaction networks of the cell, the organism and the population. A physical theory of proteins therefore needs to unify both the biophysical and the evolutionary. We review physical approaches by way of a mechanical framework which treats proteins as evolvable condensed matter: Mutations introduce localized perturbations in the gene, which are similarly translated into the protein matter. A natural tool seems to be Green's functions (Wikipedia)as they map the evolutionary linkage among mutations in the gene to cooperative physical interactions among the amino acids. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Organic > Biology Physics

Lou, Yuting, et al. Homeostasis and Systematic Ageing as Non-equilibrium Phase Transitions in Computational Multicellular Organizations. Royal Society Open Science. Online July 10, 2019. University of Tokyo and Fudan University, Shanghai systems biologists provide another notice of physical principles at work throughout life’s somatic activities and long developmental course.

The breakdown of homeostasis in tissues involves multiscale factors ranging from the accumulation of genetic damages to the deregulation of metabolic processes. Here, we present a multicellular homeostasis model in the form of a two-dimensional stochastic cellular automaton with three cellular states, cell division, cell death and cell cycle arrest. Our model illustrates how organisms can develop into diverse homeostatic patterns with distinct morphologies, turnover rates and lifespans without considering genetic, metabolic or other variations. Those homeostatic states exist in extinctive, proliferative and degenerative phases, which undergo a systematic ageing akin to a transition in non-equilibrium physical systems. (Abstract excerpt)

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