From Arthur Koestler and others, a nested scale or hierarchy composed of integrally whole components.
A perspective that takes in and considers an entire scene or system all at once – opposite and complement to reduction.
An optical interference pattern illuminated by coherent laser light wherein each minute fraction contains the entire image.
With reference to earth as Gaia, the self-regulation of this geobiosphere system around an evolving point by and for the benefit of the biota.
The presence of similar evolved, usually anatomical, characters which have descended from a common ancestor.
The relationship of common characters which arise independently within a certain phylogenetic kingdom.
A theory for the origin of self-replicating molecular systems which involve feedback loops by which they bootstrap themselves.
The theory that our universe began as a microscopic point which instantly burst to an immense cosmic size at the big bang.
A term, often used in general systems theory, to connote similarity in shape or structure between different objects, entities or levels in a hierarchy.
Repetition of the same mathematical steps or procedural processes over and over. Also applies to subsequent phases of a project.
As distinct from oceanography, the study of inland waters which includes rivers, creeks, billabongs, ponds, pools, swamps, lakes, salt-lakes and other wetlands.
A term first coined by Richard Dawkins for the cultural equivalent of genes. Ideas, phrases, fads, beliefs and so on such as the meme concept itself are examples. Their study is known as memetics.
The overall classification of multicellular animals.
An organelle of eukaryotic cells for energy production through oxygen respiration.
The tendency of complex, evolving, self-organizing systems such as brains or genomes to form differentiated functional modules.
The sequential anatomical development of the bodily morphology of an organism.
The ensemble of all possible universes that might exist, most of which would not allow life and human intelligence to appear.
The most recent evolutionary addition to the brain’s cerebral cortex.
An interconnected, variable mesh of sensitive neurons in the brain or an information processing circuit in computer. These can be self-organizing and self-learning by means of giving “weights” to processed information whereby stronger or more prevalent inputs are reinforced.
A basic nerve cell in brains with an emitter extension and a receiving dendrite.