A principle from quantum physics which claims that the state of a particle is not directly knowable because it may be in many possible states or configurations simultaneously, as long as we don't look to check. It is the measurement that causes the object to be limited to a single possibility.
The process by which several biological or societal components come together to mutual advantage.
A version of complexity science founded by Hermann Haken which employs a more physically based theory of ubiquitous self-organizing, emergent systems.
When two or more components reinforce each other to produce a greater result than their sum.
In grammar, rules and principles for ordering words into clauses and sentences.
The theory and practice of filling in a hierarchical classification of organisms in evolution and at present which reflects their totality of similarities and differences.
A philosophical term for an evolution which is oriented and proceeds toward a future state.
The science of explaining and quantifying the flow, usage, conservation and expenditure of energy. Generally applies to closed systems that tend to thermal equilibrium.