III. Ecosmos: A Revolutionary Fertile, Habitable, Solar-Bioplanet, Incubator Lifescape
1. Quantum Cosmology Theoretic Unity
Mastichiadis, Apostolos, et al. A Roadmap to Hadronic Supercriticalities. arXiv:2003.06956. A Roadmap to Hadronic Supercriticalities. arXiv:2003.06956. We cite this entry by National University of Athens astrophysicists for itself and for wider implications. When this site went online in the early 2000s there was little if any notice of such complexities across the celestial raiment. Today it is readily accepted that nonlinear phenomena like critical phase transitions occur in this widest realm, just as everywhere else. Once again a natural universality is found which well implies an independent, mathematical source. A philoSophia glimpse would be how grand it is that collaborative persons from this ancient land are now able to travel to and quantify this cosmic breadth and depth.
Hadronic supercriticalities are radiative instabilities that appear when large amounts of energy are stored in relativistic protons. When the proton energy density exceeds some critical value, a runaway process is initiated resulting in the explosive transfer of the proton energy into electron-positron pairs and radiation and the increase of the photon-to-proton efficiency. We show that supercriticalities are possible for the whole range of source parameters related to compact astrophysical sources. We also provide an in-depth look at the physical mechanisms of hadronic supercriticalities and show that magnetized relativistic plasmas are excellent examples of non-linear dynamical systems. (Abstract)
Mathews, Grant, et al. Origin of Matter and Space-Time in the Big Bang. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1594, May, 2014. A paper from the Origins of Matter and Evolution of Galaxies 2013 held in November in Tsukuba, Japan by University of Notre Dame, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, and Soongsil University, Korea astrophysicists. Akin to Wainwright herein, what fantastic abilities do we phenomenal human beings have in and of a self-observing and discovering universe?
We review the case for and against a bulk cosmic motion resulting from the quantum entanglement of our universe with the multiverse beyond our horizon. Within the current theory for the selection of the initial state of the universe from the landscape multiverse there is a generic prediction that pre-inflation quantum entanglement with other universes should give rise to a cosmic bulk flow with a correlation length of order horizon size and a velocity field relative to the expansion frame of the universe. If this interpretation is correct it has profound implications in that we may be observing for the first time both the physics that occurred before the big bang and the existence of the multiverse beyond our horizon. (Abstract excerpts)
McCormick, Katie. Particle Physicists Puzzle Over a New Duality. Quanta. August 1, 2022. A science journalist describes a confluence of recent empirical physics findings that infer a certain code-like relation in a gluon phase. A prime investigator Lance Dixon, a Stanford University astro-particle physicist, whose collegial paper is Folding Amplitudes into Form Factors: An Antipodal Duality in Physical Review Letters (128/111602, 2022). Dixon was joined by Anastasia Volovich and others which led to a “letters” identity for a particle’s energy and momentum. Our interest is how readily a genetic view is adopted so to consider that some similar correspondence might be going on.
A hidden link has been found between two seemingly unrelated particle collision outcomes. It’s the latest example of a mysterious web of mathematical connections between disparate theories of physics.
McGaugh, Stacy, et al. Dynamical Regularities in Galaxies. arXiv:1090.02011. Case Western Reserve University, European Southern Observatory, Munich, and University of Oregon astrophysicists post a chapter to appear in the IAU Symposium 353 (Shanghai, June 2019) volume Galactic Dynamics in the Era of Large Surveys.
Galaxies are observed to obey a strict set of dynamical scaling relations. We review these relations for rotationally supported disk galaxies spanning many decades in mass, surface brightness, and gas content. The behavior of these widely varied systems can be summarized with a handful of empirical laws connected by a common acceleration scale. (Abstract)
Mekjian, Aram. Generalized Statistical Models of Voids and Hierarchical Structure in Cosmology. Astrophysical Journal. 655/1, 2007. Wherein the presence of scale-free, power-law geometries for distributions of galaxies is described.
Montani, Giovanni, et al. Primordial Cosmology. Singapore: World Scientific, 2011. A 600 page comprehensive volume by University of Rome, Centre of Theoretical Physics, Marseille, and University of London, physicists that courses from Historical Notions to the latest Physical, Mathematical, and Quantum Cosmologies. A 2009 book with the same title by Patrick Peter and Jean-Philippe Uzan (Oxford) covers similar material in a more technical way.
Primordial Cosmology deals with one of the most puzzling and fascinating topics debated in modern physics — the nature of the Big Bang singularity. The authors provide a self-consistent and complete treatment of the very early Universe dynamics, passing through a concise discussion of the Standard Cosmological Model, a precise characterization of the role played by the theory of inflation, up to a detailed analysis of the anisotropic and inhomogeneous cosmological models. The most peculiar feature of this book is its uniqueness in treating advanced topics of quantum cosmology with a well-traced link to more canonical and pedagogical notions of fundamental cosmology. (Publisher)
Nadis, Steve. Making Multiverses. Astronomy. October, 2005. From a special cosmology issue, the latest vistas of inflation, strings, constants, and so on, amidst a proliferation of bubbling universes.
Nobbenhuis, Stefan. Categorizing Different Approaches to the Cosmological Constant Problem. Foundations of Physics. 36/5, 2006. A lengthy paper from Gerard ‘t Hooft’s Institute for Theoretical Physics at Utrecht University which we cite as an example of deep angst at the conceptual foundations of the materialist paradigm. This “constant” is widely noted as a cosmic fudge factor.
In this paper we categorized the different approaches to the cosmological constant problem. The many different ways in which it can be phrased often blurs the road to a possible solution. So far we can only conclude that in fact none of the approaches described above is a real outstanding candidate for a solution of the “old cosmological constant problem. Most effort nowadays is in finding a physical mechanism that drives the Universe’s acceleration, but as we have seen these approaches, be it by modifying general relativity in the far infrared, or by studying higher dimensional braneworlds, generally do not convincingly attack the old and most basic problem.
Overbye, Dennis. All Signs Point to Higgs, But Scientific Certainty is a Waiting Game. New York Times. March 5,, 2013. An article in a special Science Tuesday edition “Chasing the Higgs,” written by Overbye, as a succinct entry to the Large Hadron Collider project to detect at extreme depths and energies this theoretically crucial particle and force field. A grand story of dedicated personalities who by fits and starts build, repair, operate, and fine tune huge machinery, instrumentation, computer support, along with wonderment what does it all mean? Yet, per the second quote, is it an experiment too far? Are physicists placing too much emphasis on this approach, because it is what they have and can do? Should we bet that such reductions are the window to reality, or might something wholly else be going on, that Colliders miss and exclude, say an immaterial mathematical code which serves a genesis procreation visible more by its emergent progeny?
In December 2011, shortly after CERN teams first declared that they had seen signs of the famous boson with a mass of 125 billion electron volts, Gian Giudice, a CERN theorist, and his colleagues ran the numbers and concluded that the universe was in a precarious condition and could be prone to collapse in the far, far future. (E6) The calculations also depend crucially on the mass of the top quark, the heaviest known elementary particle, as well as the Higgs, neither of which have been weighed precisely enough yet to determine the fate of the universe. If the top quark were just a little lighter or the Higgs a little heavier, 130 billion electron volts, Dr. Giudice said, the vacuum would in fact be stable. (E6)
Overbye, Dennis. Black Holes May Hide a Mind-Bending Secret About Our UniVerse. New York Times. October 10, 2022. Take gravity, add quantum mechanics, stir. What do you get? Just maybe, a holographic cosmos. A succinct review of attempts by quantum and astro physicists to appreciate that their fields have a deep commonality to an extent as being one and the same. A main player is Stanford’s Leonard Susskind (arxiv:1708.03040) along with many colleagues.
Overbye, Dennis. Laws of Nature: Source Unknown. New York Times. December 18, 2007. Tuesday’s great Science Times section is a clearing-house for the leading edges of cosmological speculation. But its almost totally male pursuit seems to flounder on its basic premises, as this article widely reviews. Agreement eludes on whether the universe has intrinsic, eternal laws, as Plato long ago avered, or, for example, be finally unpredictable re Anton Zeilinger, with malleable parameters per Paul Davies, or is, as Holger Bech Nielsen likens, a random machine. With such tossing around of multidimensional strings, contorted landscapes, and so on, one cannot avoid the notion of a “Ptolemaic physics” trying to shore up an ultimately untenable model of a cosmos that is essentially organic in kind.
Overbye, Dennis. Physicists’ Dreams and Worries in Era of the Big Collider. New York Times. January 26, 2010. A news item on a “Physics of the Universe Summit” held at Caltech to mostly access the state and future of particulate theories, now that the LHC was online, to a degree. But with open issues such as dark matter and energy, quantum gravity, along with many other quandaries and entanglements, it was hard for attendees to avoid a malaise that their physics paradigm was in bankruptcy, and in need of revolutionary revision. And on the facing page is a note: “Slime Mold Proves to be a Brainy Blob” by Japanese researchers about how these microbes form a viable network similar to the Toyko metro system (see A. Tero, et al). Such disparate phases are said to spring from common mathematical principles, but such real emergent phenomena which will not be found in atom smashers. (see Brian Josephson for an attempt to open a window)