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A Sourcebook for the Worldwide Discovery of a Creative Organic Universe
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Recent Additions: New and Updated Entries in the Past 60 Days
Displaying entries 31 through 45 of 78 found.


Ecosmos: A Revolutionary Fertile, Habitable, Solar-Bioplanet Lifescape

Animate Cosmos > cosmos > quantum CS

Ippoliti, Xiao, et al. Observation of Time-Crystalline Eigenstate Order on a Quantum Processor. arXiv:2107.13571. We cite this posting by some 100 coauthors across the USA in association with Google Quantum AI as an exemplary instance of a 21st century Quantum Organics revolution as this once arcane domain becomes treatable as any “classical” complex, network system. (By so doing both phases now meld and inform each other.) A further aspect would be the degree to which collective Earthuman sapience seems able to delve into any depth (and breadth) of an encoded ecosmic reality, so as to begin and continue on to a new, second cocreative genesis.

Quantum many-body systems display rich phase structure in their low-temperature states. However, much of nature is not in thermal equilibrium. Remarkably, it was recently predicted that out-of-equilibrium systems can exhibit novel dynamical phases such as the discrete time crystal (DTC). These active states can occur in periodic many-body systems by way of an eigenstate-order. As a result, the entire many-body spectrum exhibits quantum correlations and long-range order. Here we describe the typical spatiotemporal response of a DTC for generic initial states. These results establish a scalable approach to study non-equilibrium phases of matter on current quantum processors. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > cosmos > exouniverse

Philcox, Oliver and Salvatore Torquato. The Disordered Heterogeneous Universe: Galaxy Distribution across Length Scales. arXiv.2007.00519. As this section gains credible evidence, we cite this dense entry by Princeton University astrophysicists as another instance of Earthuman abilities which are so wide and deep that they can expand to exocosmos frontiers. See also Reconstructing the Universe with Variational Self-Boosted Sampling at 2206.154343 by Flatiron Institute and Columbia University computational experts and Special Theory of Regularity by Juliano Neves at 2204.08413 about lawful parameters. Once again, this 21st century global acumen seems to imply an awesome dimension and destiny to our microscopic presence.

Studies of disordered heterogeneous media and galaxy cosmology share a common goal: analyzing the distribution of particles at `microscales' to predict physical properties at `macroscales', whether for a liquid, composite material, or entire Universe. The former theory provides an array of techniques to characterize a wide class of microstructures; in this work, we apply them to the distributions of galaxies. We focus on the lower-order correlation functions, `void' and `particle' nearest-neighbor functions, pair-connectedness functions, percolation properties, and a scalar order metric. On large scales, the system appears `hyperuniform', due to primordial density fluctuations, whilst on the smallest scales, the system becomes almost `antihyperuniform', and, via the order metric, is shown to be a highly correlated disordered system. (Excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > cosmos > exouniverse

Terasawa, Ryo, et al. Separate universe approach to evaluate nonlinear matter power spectrum for non-flat ΛCDM model. arXiv:2205.10339. We cite this entry by four Japanese cosmologists as an example of how the latest Earthuman science is able to extend its compass to myriad other cosmoses. See also Likelihood Criteria for the Universe by Ezequiel Lopez-Rubio at 2206.0097 for another take.

The spatial curvature of the universe is a fundamental quality that could give a link to its early physics. We develop a method to compute the nonlinear matter power spectrum for "non-flat" ΛCDM models using the separate universe (SU) ansatz whence the curvature of structure formation is equivalent to that of long-wavelength density fluctuation. We find that the emulators, those built for flat cosmologies such as EuclidEmulator, can predict the non-flat P(k) with least degradation. (Excerpt)

In physics and mathematics, an ansatz is an educated guess or an additional assumption made to help solve a problem, and which may later be verified to be part of the solution by its results.

Animate Cosmos > Thermodynamics

Babajanyan, S., et al. Thermodynamic Selection. arXiv:2203.10308. SB and Eugene Koonin, National Library of Medicine NIH along with A. Allahverdyan, Yerevan Physics Institute, Armenia post a mathematic exercise with 100 references about the latest theoretical intersects between life’s oriented evolution to our Earthuman observance and a a substantial energetic basis which seems deeply conducive for this occasion So once again it seems, even across imperiled lands, that human beings will be inherently moved and capable wherever possible to accomplish such ecosmic self-quantification.

Overall, we found that simple models with no special assumption beyond the laws of thermodynamics can recapitulate certain features of biological evolution. (12)

Animate Cosmos > Thermodynamics

Kondepudi, Dilip, et al. From Dissipative Structures to Biological Evolution: A Thermodynamic Perspective. Dambricourt Malasse, Anne, ed. Self-Organization as a New Paradigm in Evolutionary Biology. International: Springer, 2022. In this frontier collection, Wake Forest University and University of Connecticut theorists describe a further deep physical influence which serves to energize life’s organized emergence.

In the second half of the twentieth century, it was recognized that systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium can spontaneously self-organize into dissipative structures that exhibit oscillating chemical patterns. Many advances came from the Brussels School of Thermodynamics under the leadership of Ilya Prigogine. The 21st century, decade has given us a new perspective on the emergence of organism-like behavior in non-living systems. This chapter will review the relationship between this generative phenomena and biological evolution. (Abstract)

Animate Cosmos > Fractal

Sowmya, G., et al. Supergranular Fractal Dimension and Solar Radiation. arXiv:2207.10490. In these 2020s, CSSS Institute of Engineering and Technology for Women, Karnataka, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research, Devanahalli, and Bangalore University astrophysicists proceed to find and quantify evidence of deep self-similarities even in the sun’s rays.

In regard, see The Sun’s Supergranulation by Francois Rincon and Michel Rieutord in Living Reviews in Solar Physics (15/6, 2018) whence Supergranulation is a fluid-dynamical phenomenon in the solar photosphere in the form of a vigorous cellular flow pattern.

We present findings from an analysis of the fractal dimension of solar supergranulation as a function of latitude, cell size and solar rotation, by way of spectroheliographic data. We find that the fractal dimension tends to decrease from about 1.37 at the equator to about 1 at 20 degree latitude in either hemisphere, suggesting that solar rotation rate has the effect of augmenting the irregularity of supergranular boundaries. (Excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > Astrobiology

Gomez-Marquez, Jamie. What is Life? Molecular Biology Reports. July, 2021. In this Springer journal, we cite an essay by a senior University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain biochemist because it provides an integral composite view of the distinctive qualities of living, evolving, regnant systems. See also Lithbea, A New Domain Outside the Tree of Life by J G-M at Preprints. for June 7, 2022.

Thus, I define life as a process that takes place in highly organized organic structures and is characterized by being preprogrammed, interactive, adaptative and evolutionary. If life is the process, living beings are the system in which this process takes place. I also wonder whether viruses can be considered living things or not. Finally, I argue that if there were life elsewhere in the universe, it would be very similar to what we know on this planet because the laws of physics and the composition of matter are universal and because of the principle of the inexorability of life. (Excerpt)

Since any definition of life must connect with what we observe in nature, my strategy for finding a definition of life was to establish what are the key attributes or traits common to all living things. What do bacteria, yeasts, lichens, trees, beetles, birds, whales, etc. have in common that clearly differentiates them from non-living systems? In my opinion, living organisms share seven traits: organic nature, high degree of organization, pre-programming, interaction (or collaboration), adaptation, reproduction and evolution, the last two being facultative as they are not present in all living beings. (1-2)

Animate Cosmos > exoearths

Boyle, Rebecca. Astronomers Reimagine the Making of the Planets. Quanta. June 6, 2022. A science writer continues to survey our worldwise retrospective studies of how this Earth, our solar system, and orbital orrerys tend to array into myriad varieties. Her prior report was As Planet Discoveries Pile Up, a Gap Appears in the Pattern (May 16, 2019) which noted an absence in the galaxy of 1.5 to 2 times Earth size worlds. Three years and 5,000 total findings later, still “none that remotely resemble ours” was found She comments that Alessandro Morbidelli, a leading researcher, finds the situation quite curious. A prime reference is then Planet Formation Theory in the Era of ALMA and Kepler: From Pebbles to Exoplanets by Joanna Drazkowaka and nine coauthors including AM at arXiv:2203.09759 (see herein).

Animate Cosmos > exoearths

Drazkowaka, Joanna. Planet Formation Theory in the Era of ALMA and Kepler: From Pebbles to Exoplanets. arXiv:2203.09759. This entry with some 450 references can stand as an extensive report to date about our Earthwise collegial retrospect of how this home and other orbital objects came to form. It will be presented at the Protostars and Planets VII meeting in Kyoto next April 2023 (twice proponed) and be a chapter in a University of Arizona Press volume with that title.

Our understanding of planet formation has been rapidly evolving in recent years. The classical model from the 1990s was based on our own Solar System, is being constantly revised. Here we summarize many new findings derived from the exoplanet population and circumstellar disks observations such as the growth of planetary cores by accretion of planetesimals, pebbles, and gas, along with massive planetary cores and more occasions. In addition, there is growing evidence that the first planetary cores start forming early, during the circumstellar disk buildup process. (Abstract excerpt)

Animate Cosmos > exoearths

Millholland, Sarah and Joshua Winn. Split Peas in a Pod: Intra-System Uniformity of Super-Earths and Sub-Neptunes. arXiv:2110.01466. Princeton University astrophysicists contribute to growing perceptions that entire solar orrery planetary systems have an overall mathematic formative basis. In these cases, the presence of repetitive patterns which govern orbital arrangements are becoming evident. See also Generalized Peas-in-a-Pod: Extending Intra-System Mass Uniformity by Armaan Goyal and Songhu Wang at 2206.00053.

The planets within compact multi-planet systems tend to have similar sizes, masses, and orbital period ratios, like "peas in a pod". The smaller "super-Earths" are consistent with being stripped rocky cores, while the larger "sub-Neptunes" likely have gaseous H/He envelopes. Given these consistencies, we test for intra-system uniformity these planetary categories. For example, the sub-Neptunes tend to be 1.7+0.6−0.3 times larger than the super-Earths in the same system.

Animate Cosmos > exoearths

Sibony, Yves, et al. The Rotation of Planet-Hosting Stars. arXiv:2204.01421. University of Geneva and University of Zurich researchers perform initial analyses that indicate the presence of whole solar system interactivities between physical stellar forces and nascent orbital worlds.

Ecosmomics: An Independent Source Script of Generative, Self-Similar, Complex Network Systems

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > networks

Dorogovtsev, Sergey and Jose Mendes. The Nature of Complex Networks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022. University of Aveiro, Portugal systems physicists proceed with a thorough introduction to network phenomena by way of a novel synthesis with statistical mechanics. As a result these disparate fields are current seen to be lately finding similar themes and common ground.

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > networks

Fortunato, Santo and Mark Newman. 20 Years of Network Community Detection. arXiv:2208.0111. Senior University of Indiana and University of Michigan systems theorists (search each) provide insider insights to findings and clarifications on the way to appreciating how nature’s ubiquitous interconnectivity proceeds to join into dynamic communal units.

A fundamental technical challenge in the analysis of network data is the automated discovery of communities - groups of nodes that are strongly connected or that share similar features or roles. In this commentary we review progress in the field over the last 20 years.

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > networks

Reggiani, Aura, et al, eds. Handbook on Entropy, Complexity and Spatial Dynamics. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2021. University of Bologna editors George Mason University, Washington have arranged four major Entropy, Space and Complexity, Complexity of Urban Evolution, Complexity and Resilence of Economic systems and Spatial Dynamics of Complex interactions sections chapters by Barkley Rosser, Michael Batty, Denise Pumain, Alan Wilson, Olivier Borin and many others. We especially note Ginestra Bianconi’s chapter Information Theory of Spatial Network Ensembles (arXiv:2206.05614).

This ground-breaking Handbook presents a state-of-the-art exploration of entropy, complexity and spatial dynamics from fundamental theoretical, empirical and methodological perspectives. It considers how foundational theories can contribute to new advances, including novel modeling and empirical insights at different sectoral, spatial and temporal scales. (E. Elgar)

Cosmic Code > nonlinear > 2015 universal

Almeira, Joaquin, et al. Tricritical Behavior in a Neural Model with Exitatory and Inhibitory Units. arXiv:2207.02320. Researchers in Argentina and Italy including Dante Chialvo add further evidence for nature’s wide preference to seek and reside at such a sweet poise state between more or less relative coherence.

While the support for the relevance of critical dynamics to brain function is increasing, there is less agreement on the exact nature of the advocated critical point. Thus, a considerable number of theoretical efforts address which mechanisms and what transitions can be exhibited by neuronal networks models. The present work describes the effect of incorporating a fraction of inhibitory neurons on the collective dynamics. As we show, this results in a tricritical point for highly connected networks.

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